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What is acidity during pregnancy?

Acidity is a common complaint in pregnancy. Also known as heartburn, acidity is characterised by the presence of a burning sensation in the centre of the chest, right above the stomach. While acidity during pregnancy is perceived as harmless and common, it can be quite uncomfortable.

What are its main associated signs and symptoms? 

Acidity presents as a burning sensation, which extends from the lower portion of the throat to the bottom of the breastbone. It is more common during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy.

Acidity or heartburn is basically reflux of the stomach contents into the food pipe. Symptoms like sour burping, nausea, and a sour taste in the mouth might be experienced along with acidity. 

What are the main causes? 

Acidity during pregnancy mainly occurs due to hormonal changes. Episodes of heartburn are frequent during pregnancy due to the hormone called progesterone, which affects the muscles of the digestive system, relaxes the lower valve of the food pipe that prevents food regurgitation) and may also alter tolerance to certain foods.

In addition, the expanding uterus crowds the abdomen and can push the stomach contents upwards, resulting in acidity and a burning sensation.

How is it diagnosed and treated? 

Acidity during pregnancy is generally diagnosed based on the symptoms. If the episodes are too frequent, the doctor may prescribe an antacid.

Since acidity during pregnancy is very commonly reported and not usually an alarming situation, it can be managed with simple home remedies. These home remedies include:

  • Ginger tea (to be used in moderation only).
  • Plain water.
  • Plain buttermilk.
  • Chewing gum.
  • Cold milk.
  • Coconut water.

There are several preventive steps, which can be very helpful in reducing acidity episodes: 

  • Drink lots of water and fluids all day.
  • Avoid spicy and oily foods, alcohol, citrus fruits and coffee. These can trigger acidity or worsen it.
  • Avoid ready-to-eat meals and other processed foods with high levels of salt or oil.
  • Eat small and frequent meals. Chew your food properly before swallowing it.
  • Avoid staying hungry for too long.
  • Do not drink large quantities of fluids during meals. Avoid carbonated water or soda.
  • Avoid lying down immediately after eating food.
  • Keep your upper body elevated using pillows to prevent the stomach acid from entering the food pipe.
  1. Medicines for Acidity during pregnancy

Medicines for Acidity during pregnancy

Medicines listed below are available for Acidity during pregnancy. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
PrdPrd 40 Mg/30 Mg Capsule Sr32
Pantodac DsrPantodac DSR Capsule157
P PpiP PPI 20MG TABLET 10S0
PantocarPantocar 40 Mg Injection59
PantodacPANTODAC 40MG INJECTION36
Pantop DPANTOP DSR TABLET 10S92
RantacRantac 150 Mg Tablet18
Pantocar DPANTOCAR D CAPSULE60
ZinetacZinetac 150 Mg Tablet17
PantocidPANTOCID 40MG TABLET63
Pantocid DPANTOCID D SR CAPSULE 15S156
AcilocACILOC 300MG TABLET 15S27
PanPAN 20MG TABLET 10S94
PantopPANTOP FAST 40MG TABLET 10S0
Pan DPAN D CAPSULE 10S64
Reden OReden O 2 Mg/150 Mg Tablet33
ProteraPROTERA 20MG TABLET 10S41
ProtonilProtonil 20 Mg Injection46
Pantaset DPantaset D 40 Mg/10 Mg Tablet45
Pantospin DsrPantospin Dsr Capsule63
R T DomR T Dom 10 Mg/150 Mg/20 Mg Tablet7
ProtopanProtopan 20 Mg Tablet36
Pz 4Pz 4 40 Mg Tablet60
Pantavin DPantavin D 10 Mg/40 Mg Capsule46
Pantowin DPantowin D 30 Mg/40 Mg Tablet46

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

References

  1. American pregnancy association. Pregnancy And Heartburn. Skyway Circle ,Irving, TX
  2. National Health Service [Internet]. UK; Indigestion and heartburn in pregnancy
  3. Health Link. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) During Pregnancy. British Columbia. [internet].
  4. Vazquez JC. Heartburn in pregnancy. BMJ Clin Evid. 2015 Sep 8;2015:1411. PMID: 2634864
  5. Office on women's health [internet]: US Department of Health and Human Services; Body changes and discomforts
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