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What is enlarged prostate?

The prostate is a small gland found in males, which secretes a fluid into the semen that nourishes the sperms. It is located around the urethra, which is a tube that carries urine. Prostate enlargements is a common condition in males above 50 years of age and is commonly associated with ageing.

This condition is also called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) since it is non-cancerous. It does not develop into or increase the risk of prostate cancer.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Prostate enlargement primarily affects urination in males by narrowing the urethra.

  • The frequency of urination increases, with the inability to control the act for any time at all. This is more pronounced at night. (Read more: Frequent urination causes)
  • The urinary stream starts and stops repeatedly, with a feeling of incomplete urination.
  • Pain exists while urinating which could also be accompanied by bleeding.

What are its main causes?

The exact reason for an enlarged prostate is unknown, but it is linked to ageing.

  • Changes in the testicular cells along with a change in levels of the male hormone, testosterone, causes enlargement of the gland.
  • Research shows that men who have their testicles removed due to an underlying pathology do not face the problem of prostate enlargement.
  • This condition is extremely common in men above 75 years of age and is not linked to any risk factors.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

The diagnosis of prostate enlargement is based on the exclusion criteria, along with symptoms and a physical examination.

  • Problems with urination could be due to other problems like kidney disorders, bladder cancer or some blockage in the urethra. All these conditions are first ruled out by the urologist.
  • Your doctor will take a brief history of your symptoms and other medical conditions to diagnose the condition.
  • Physical examination, ultrasound, and blood tests for a specific protein called prostate specific antigen or PSA are the keys to diagnose the cause behind an enlarged prostate.

The treatment depends on the severity of the symptoms. For mild symptoms, no treatment is required.

  • Medicines are prescribed to ease the discomfort during urination. Generally, alpha blockers are the class of drugs used for this purpose.
  • To shrink the prostate, the urologist may prescribe another class of medicines called 5-alpha reductase inhibitors which are usually taken over 6 months.
  • If the symptoms are too severe, a part of the prostate is surgically removed to relieve the pressure around the urethra.

(Read more: Men's sexual problems and solutions)

  1. Medicines for Enlarged Prostate

Medicines for Enlarged Prostate

Medicines listed below are available for Enlarged Prostate. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Contiflo IconContiflo Icon 0.4 Mg Tablet99.0
DynapresDynapres 0.2 Mg Capsule57.0
FlodartFlodart 0.4 Mg Tablet55.0
GeristartGeristart 0.4 Mg Tablet116.0
TamcontinTamcontin 0.2 Mg Tablet89.0
TamfloTamflo 0.2 Mg Capsule83.0
TamloceptTamlocept 0.4 Mg Capsule143.0
TasulinTasulin 0.2 Mg Tablet39.0
UrimaxUrimax 0.2 Mg Capsule70.0
VeltamVeltam 0.2 Mg Tablet40.0
AlfatamAlfatam 0.4 Mg Capsule86.0
ConsistamConsistam 0.2 Mg Tablet40.0
Contiflo OdContiflo Od 0.4 Mg Capsule92.0
DynuroDynuro 0.40 Mg Capsule65.0
FloliteFlolite 0.4 Mg Tablet79.0
MonolosinMonolosin 0.4 Mg Capsule47.0
Protam MrProtam Mr 200 Mg Tablet42.0
TamgressTamgress 0.4 Mg Tablet89.0
TamsinTamsin 0.4 Mg Tablet139.0
TamstreamTamstream 0.4 Mg Tablet46.0
TamsulinTamsulin 0.4 Mg Tablet106.0
UrilosinUrilosin 0.2 Mg Tablet43.0
UrinatUrinat 0.4 Mg Capsule39.0
UriproUripro 0.4 Mg Capsule46.0
UrisurgeUrisurge 0.4 Mg Tablet55.0
UritinUritin 0.4 Mg Tablet70.0
TambyTamby 400 Mcg Tablet39.0
AlfooAlfoo 10 Mg Tablet392.0
AlfugressAlfugress 10 Mg Tablet95.0
AlfusinAlfusin 10 Mg Tablet185.0
EfzuEfzu 10 Mg Tablet86.0
FlotralFlotral 10 Mg Tablet357.0
FualFual 10 Mg Tablet80.0
FulfloFulflo 10 Mg Tablet78.0
VelfuVelfu 10 Mg Tablet90.0
XelfloXelflo 10 Mg Tablet88.0
ZyalfaZyalfa 10 Mg Tablet106.0
AlfutrolAlfutrol 10 Mg Tablet72.0
EdgonEdgon 10 Mg Tablet36.92
Minipress XlMinipress Xl 2.5 Mg Tablet312.0
PrazolinPrazolin 10 Mg Tablet79.0
PrazopillPrazopill 2.5 Mg Tablet Xl76.0
PrazopressPrazopress 1 Mg Tablet57.0
PrazosinPrazosin 5 Mg Tablet26.0
RenopressRenopress 5 Mg Tablet Xl97.0
ResplendResplend 2.5 Mg Tablet76.0
Biozocin XlBiozocin Xl 2.5 Mg Tablet118.0
PraceptPracept 2.5 Mg Tablet50.0
Prazocip XlPrazocip Xl 2.5 Mg Tablet72.0
Morr FMorr F 3% Solution427.0
Minokem FMinokem F Solution605.0
Tricosilk FTricosilk F Solution555.0
DuceptDucept Capsule115.0
DupeciaDupecia 0.5 Mg Capsule133.0
DuprostDuprost 0.5 Mg Capsule184.0
DutacetDutacet 0.5 Mg Tablet90.0
DutagenDutagen 0.5 Mg Capsule219.0
DutaidDutaid 0.5 Mg Tablet95.0
DutamaxDutamax 0.5 Mg Tablet150.0
DutasDutas 0.5 Mg Capsule599.0
DuteDute 0.5 Mg Tablet115.0
VeltrideVeltride 0.5 Mg Tablet147.0
DutaoneDutaone 0.5 Mg Tablet90.0
SterduSterdu 0.5 Mg Capsule165.0
Contiflo DContiflo D 0.4 Mg/0.5 Mg Kit218.0
Dutas TDutas T 0.4 Mg/0.5 Mg Capsule237.0
Flodart PlusFlodart Plus 0.4 Mg/0.5 Mg Tablet125.0
Geriflo DGeriflo D 0.4 Mg/0.5 Mg Tablet594.0
TamduraTamdura Capsule218.0
Urimax DUrimax D 0.4 Mg/0.5 Mg Tablet328.0
Uritin DUritin D 0.4 Mg/0.5 Mg Tablet168.0
Consistam DConsistam D Tablet145.0
DutalosinDutalosin 0.4 Mg/0.5 Mg Tablet131.0
NormproNormpro Tablet139.0
Tamcontin DTamcontin D Tablet249.0
Tamgress DTamgress D Tablet164.0
Tamsin DTamsin D Tablet334.0
Tamstream DTamstream D Tablet92.0
Tasulin DTasulin D Capsule285.0
Temsunol D 0.4 Mg/0.5 Mg TabletTemsunol D 0.4 Mg/0.5 Mg Tablet175.0
Urisurge DUrisurge D Capsule115.0
Bezip DBezip D Tablet111.0
Dynuro DDynuro D Capsule159.0
Flolite DFlolite D Tablet129.0
Urilosin DUrilosin D Tablet149.0
Ed SaveEd Save 20 Mg Tablet39.0
ForzestForzest 10 Mg Tablet78.0
MegalisMegalis 10 Mg Tablet142.0
MildfilMildfil Tablet129.0
ModulaModula 5 Mg Tablet162.0
PulmopresPulmopres 20 Mg Tablet275.0
Super ManforceSuper Manforce 20 Mg Tablet140.0
TadactTadact 10 Mg Tablet88.0
TfilTfil 10 Mg Tablet98.0
ZydalisZydalis 10 Mg Tablet Md104.9
Bigfun 36Bigfun 36 Tablet16.25
EdonEdon 10 Tablet96.08
FildaFilda 10 Mg Tablet81.93
FilgudFilgud 10 Mg Tablet72.82
GetgoGetgo 10 Mg Tablet68.0
PopupPopup 20 Mg Tablet86.53
TadacipTadacip 10 Mg Tablet73.86
TadafilTadafil 10 Mg Tablet80.47
TadafloTadaflo 5 Mg Tablet250.0
TadaforceTadaforce 20 Mg Tablet280.0
Tadalis SxTadalis Sx 20 Mg Tablet53.0
TadoraTadora 20 Mg Tablet18.75
TadovasTadovas 20 Mg Tablet238.1
TafilTafil 5 Mg Tablet120.0
TazzleTazzle 10 Mg Tablet752.0
Td 36Td 36 10 Mg Tablet72.32
T FilmT Film 10 Mg Disintegrating Strip147.5
TtabTtab 5 Mg Tablet124.11
UprizeUprize 10 Mg Tablet80.21
UpwardzUpwardz 10 Mg Tablet96.0
TadaTada 20 Mg Tablet25.31
Tadalafil 20 Mg TabletTadalafil 20 Mg Tablet7.63
TadilTadil 180 Mg Tablet50.47
CurlzfinCurlzfin 1 Mg Tablet50.0
FinacetFinacet 1 Mg Tablet35.0
FinaloFinalo 1 Mg Tablet41.0
FinapFinap 1 Mg Tablet53.0
FinastFinast 5 Mg Tablet480.0
FinaxFinax 1 Mg Tablet178.0
FincarFincar 5 Mg Tablet134.0
FinpeciaFinpecia 1 Mg Tablet87.0
FintrossFintross 1 Mg Tablet40.0
ProhairProhair 1 Mg Tablet59.0
Bio Hair FBio Hair F 1 Mg Tablet89.0
F1F 1 Mg Tablet50.0
FinarFinar 5 Mg Tablet55.0
FinaraFinara 5 Mg Tablet96.45
FinceptFincept 5 Mg Tablet110.0
FincoverFincover 1 Mg Tablet42.0
Fine 1Fine 1 1 Mg Tablet45.81
FintrideFintride 5 Mg Tablet87.17
FistideFistide 5 Mg Tablet66.0
Kerashine FKerashine F Tablet120.0
GrowvitaGrowvita Tablet37.3
MpbMpb Tablet48.0
FlospurtFlospurt 4 Mg Capsule99.0
RapilifRapilif 4 Mg Capsule145.0
SildooSildoo 4 Mg Capsule120.0
SilocapSilocap 8 Mg Capsule185.0
SilodalSilodal 4 Mg Capsule135.0
SilofastSilofast 4 Mg Capsule131.0
SilotimeSilotime 4 Mg Capsule105.0
SiluriSiluri 4 Mg Capsule135.0
UriefUrief 4 Mg Tablet250.0
GeripodGeripod 4 Mg Capsule139.0
HytrinHytrin 1 Mg Tablet137.0
TeradipTeradip 1 Mg Tablet39.8
TerapressTerapress 1 Mg Tablet63.25
Vicard TVicard T 1 Mg Tablet84.47
NafodilNafodil 25 Tablet45.0
NaftomaxNaftomax 25 Tablet78.66
DoxacardDoxacard 1 Mg Tablet31.0
DuracardDuracard 1 Mg Tablet40.0
Alfugress DAlfugress D 10 Mg/0.5 Mg Tablet185.0
Alfusin DAlfusin D 10 Mg/0.5 Mg Tablet371.0
DutalfaDutalfa 0.5 Mg/10 Mg Combi Kit223.0
Flotral DFlotral D 10 Mg/0.5 Mg Kit215.0
Sterdu LSterdu L 10 Mg/0.5 Mg Tablet159.0
Zyalfa DZyalfa D 10 Mg/0.5 Mg Tablet195.9
AfduraAfdura 10 Mg/0.5 Mg Tablet200.0
Alfutrol DAlfutrol D Tablet136.5
BapterBapter 0.4 Mg/4 Mg Capsule195.75
RolifloRoliflo Od 2 Capsule179.0
TamletTamlet 2 Mg Capsule140.0
ToltamToltam Capsule213.5
Defcort TmDefcort Tm 0.4 Mg/30 Mg Tablet531.0
Tamfil STamfil S Capsule551.0
Dejac TDejac T Tablet213.0
Td PillTd Pill Tablet230.0
UpholdUphold 10 Mg/30 Mg Tablet234.0
DepofilDepofil Tablet200.0
Finast TFinast T Capsule 0.4 Mg/5 Mg446.0
GerifloGeriflo 0.4 Mg/5 Mg Tablet154.65
UrifinetUrifinet 0.4 Mg/5 Mg Tablet115.0
Urilosin FUrilosin F 0.4 Mg/5 Mg Capsule127.3
Urimax FUrimax F 0.4 Mg/5 Mg Capsule278.25
Contiflo Od FContiflo Od F 0.4 Mg/5 Mg Capsule156.0
Tamflo FTamflo F Capsule120.3
Tamseal FTamseal F Tablet138.95
Geripod DGeripod D 8 Mg/0.5 Mg Kit339.0
Rapilif DRapilif D 8 Mg/0.5 Mg Capsule309.0
SilduraSildura 4 Mg/0.5 Mg Tablet195.0
Silocap DSilocap D 8 Mg/0.5 Mg Tablet295.0
Silodal DSilodal D 4 Capsule210.0
Silofast DSilofast D 4 Mg Capsule264.0

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