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What is Endometriosis?

The endometrium, the innermost lining of the uterus, is shred through bleeding during menstruation. The lining is sensitive to ovarian hormones oestrogen and progesterone. Endometriosis occurs when the endometrial tissue starts growing in the fallopian tubes, ovaries, or some distant organs, other than the uterus. It is a significantly painful condition and can occasionally be serious enough to cause adhesions of the pelvic organs to each other.

What are the main signs and symptoms?

The symptoms of endometriosis are somewhat dependent on the area in which the endometrial tissue grows. Certain common symptoms of endometriosis include

  • Severe pain in the abdomen or pelvic area during menses (dysmenorrhea)
  • Dyspareunia (pain during intercourse)
  • Abnormally profuse (menorrhagia) or prolonged (metrorrhagia) bleeding during menstruation
  • Infertility
  • Painful urination and defecation
  • Fatigue (especially during menstruation)

What are the main causes?

When the endometrial tissue accidentally gets lodged in the ovaries, fallopian tubes, or other pelvic organs, it can result in the endometriosis. This can happen due to several reasons:

  • Retrograde Menstruation – When the menstrual blood flows back into the fallopian tubes or ovaries (reverse direction), the endometrial cells can get implanted in the fallopian tubes or ovaries
  • Surgical Implantation – During caesarean deliveries or hysteroscopy, the endometrial tissue can get implanted in the pelvic organs
  • Peritoneal Cell Transformation – Due to certain immune complexes or hormones, peritoneal cells get transformed into endometrial tissue
  • Endometrial Cell Transportation – Endometrial cells can get lodged into other organs via the blood or lymph
  • Embryonic Cell Transformation – During puberty, due to oestrogen, embryonic cells can get transformed into the endometrial cells.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

A proper clinical history along with a thorough physical examination (including pelvic examination) usually helps in diagnosing endometriosis. Nevertheless, certain investigations are performed to confirm the diagnosis and check the extent of the spread:

  • Ultrasound of the Pelvis – Reveals the endometrial tissue lodged into other pelvic organs
  • Transvaginal Ultrasound – Relatively more accurate in checking for endometrial tissue in the pelvic organs
  • Laparoscopy – Endoscopic visualisation of the endometrial tissue along with a biopsy helps to confirm the diagnosis
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) – Helps in localising as well as checking the size of the endometrial implant

Treatment modalities for endometriosis include:

  • Oral Medication – Painkillers to ease the dysmenorrhea
  • Hormone Therapy – To reduce pain, regularise menses, reduce the flow
  • Surgery (Conservative Therapy) – Surgical removal of the implanted or transformed endometrial tissue. In extreme cases, the uterus along with the fallopian tubes and ovaries is removed (hysterectomy)
  1. Medicines for Endometriosis
  2. Doctors for Endometriosis
Dr. Prakash Aghav

Dr. Prakash Aghav

Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Dr. Balaji Kumaravel

Dr. Balaji Kumaravel

Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Dr. Suyash B

Dr. Suyash B

Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Medicines for Endometriosis

Medicines listed below are available for Endometriosis. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Crina NCRCrina N 10 Mg Tablet179.0
CycloregCycloreg 5 Mg Tablet57.0
DubDub 5 Mg Tablet58.0
GynasetGynaset 5 Mg Tablet47.0
NorgestNorgest 5 Mg Tablet57.0
NortasNortas Cr 10 Mg Tablet150.0
NostraNostra 5 Mg Tablet49.0
Primolut NPrimolut N 5 Mg Tablet49.0
RegestroneRegestrone 5 Mg Tablet49.0
Sysron NSysron N 5 Mg Tablet43.0
AmenovaAmenova 5 Mg Tablet53.0
Cyclenorm PCyclenorm P 5 Mg Tablet35.0
DubnilDubnil Tablet50.0
DubsealDubseal Tablet53.0
Ethinorm PEthinorm P 5 Mg Tablet33.0
Florina LFlorina L Tablet90.0
GynabestGynabest 5 Mg Tablet47.0
HilnorHilnor 5 Mg Tablet45.0
HystonHyston 10 Mg Tablet Sr144.0
MartinorMartinor 5 Mg Tablet56.0
Ncnorm PNcnorm P 5 Mg Tablet34.0
NorglenNorglen 5 Mg Tablet55.0
NormonalNormonal Cr 10 Mg Tablet150.0
North EastNorth East 5 Mg Tablet50.0
ProgestonProgeston 10 Mg Tablet39.0
Prolin NProlin N 5 Mg Tablet58.0
PromidPromid 10 Mg Tablet39.0
RegulateRegulate 25 Mg Tablet58.0
Regulate (Group Pharmaceuticals)Regulate 5 Mg Tablet58.0
Secam PSecam P 10 Mg Tablet35.0
CovafemCovafem 5 Mg Tablet53.0
DubogenDubogen 5 Mg Tablet51.0
Mensil NMensil N Tablet52.0
NooreNoore 5 Mg Tablet52.0
NorestrinNorestrin 5 Mg Tablet44.0
NoretheaNorethea Tablet49.0
Norethisterone 5 Mg TabletNorethisterone 5 Mg Tablet13.0
NoritisNoritis 5 Mg Tablet48.0
Norkin (Medo Phrma)Norkin Tablet50.0
Norlut NNorlut N 5 Mg Tablet49.0
NynaNyna 5 Mg Tablet45.0
Premont NPremont N 5 Mg Tablet11.0
Primokaa NPrimokaa N 5 Mg Tablet55.0
Promolup NPromolup N Tablet12.0
SternilSternil 5 Mg Tablet53.0
SteronSteron 5 Mg Tablet53.0
Sysron AceSysron Ace Tablet50.0
DuphastonDuphaston 10 Mg Tablet460.0
JigestJigest 10 Mg Tablet226.0
AgoprideAgopride 1 Mg Injection250.0
EligardEligard 7.5 Mg Injection8238.26
EurolideEurolide 1 Mg Injection177.88
LeuprogonLeuprogon Injection3820.3
Lucrin DepotLucrin Depot 11.25 Mg Injection15625.0
LuprideLupride 0.5 Mg Injection239.0
LuprodexLuprodex 11.25 Mg Injection10500.0
LuprolideLuprolide 3.75 Mg Injection4200.0
LuprorinLuprorin 1 Mg Injection172.11
Corlide DepotCorlide Depot 3.75 Mg Injection4400.0
GynactGynact 1 Mg Injection121.25
Gynact M.DGynact M.D 4 Mg Injection525.0
LeuprostaLeuprosta Depot 22.5 Mg Injection19980.0
LugonistLugonist Depot 3.75 Mg Injection2337.5
LuprofactLuprofact 1 Mg Injection213.31
NadogonNadogon 3.75 Mg Injection3480.0
Prolide (Celon)Prolide 11.25 Mg Injection3888.75
Leuprolide Acetate(Lup)Leuprolide Acetate Injection3900.0
LuprotasLuprotas 22.5 Mg Vial20204.75
T Pill TabletT Pill 0.15 Mg/0.03 Mg Tablet57.77
DanogenDanogen 100 Mg Capsule217.26
DanozecDanozec 100 Mg Capsule186.86
EndometrylEndometryl 100 Mg Capsule171.28
GonablokGonablok 100 Mg Capsule228.3
GynazolGynazol 100 Mg Capsule235.34
GynodanGynodan 100 Mg Capsule153.67
LadogalLadogal 100 Mg Capsule154.95
ZendolZendol 100 Mg Capsule208.0
Depo Provera InjectionDepo Provera 150 Mg Injection278.0
Deviry TabletDeviry 10 Mg Tablet58.94
MaxogestMaxogest Tablet54.5
MedaninMedanin 10 Mg Tablet54.47
MedrigestMedrigest Tablet48.9
MedronormMedronorm Tablet48.37
MegestMegest 10 Mg Tablet58.47
Meprate TabletMeprate 10 Mg Tablet52.6
ModusModus 10 Mg Tablet55.02
OrgamedOrgamed 10 Mg Tablet55.0
DbDb Tablet49.0
Depokare InjectionDepokare 150 Mg Injection125.0
Dub (Unicure)Dub 10 Mg Tablet29.4
EmpeeaEmpeea 10 Mg Tablet42.98
MedonaMedona 10 Mg Tablet40.0
PropegPropeg 100 Mg Capsule93.45
ProveraProvera 10 Mg Tablet60.53
RegeevaRegeeva 10 Mg Tablet47.3
Early PregEarly Preg Capsule128.0
Ecee2Ecee2 0.75 Mg Tablet35.0
Free LadyFree Lady 1.5 Mg Tablet22.5
Guard PillGuard Pill 1.5 Mg Tablet100.0
IpillIpill 1.5 Mg Tablet100.0
Mirena IusMirena Ius Device4525.0
Miss PillMiss Pill Tablet21.0
NowillNowill 1.5 Mg Tablet73.8
Sirf EkSirf Ek 1.5 Mg Tablet60.0
Unwanted 72Unwanted 72 Tablet80.0
Epill TabletEpill Tablet48.57
NextimeNextime 1.50 Mg Tablet51.03
EceepillEceepill Tablet22.25
NordetteNordette 30 Mcg Tablet95.0
Pill 72Pill 72 750 Mcg Tablet35.92
Rbx PillRbx Pill 1.50 Mg Tablet14.37
Busag InjectionBusag 0.5 Mg Injection355.08
BusarlinBusarlin 0.5 Mg Injection412.0
BuselinBuselin 7 Mg Injection2897.65
GynarichGynarich Injection200.0
SupradopinSupradopin 0.5 Mg Injection384.62
ZerelinZerelin 5 Mg Injection2200.0
DienofemDienofem 2 Mg Tablet480.0
DinofirstDinofirst 2 Mg Capsule499.0
DinogestDinogest 2 Mg Tablet499.0
EndohealEndoheal 2 Mg Tablet499.0
EndoregEndoreg 2 Mg Tablet630.0
EndosisEndosis 2 Mg Capsule499.0
EndofitEndofit 2 Mg Tablet499.0
RumigestRumigest 2 Mg Tablet520.0
GoselinGoselin 3.6 Mg Injection8571.42
ZoladexZoladex La 10.8 Mg Injection28890.0
MinikareMini Kare Kit210.0
Dear TabletDear Tablet102.3
Divacon TabletDivacon 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet59.53
Duoluton L TabletDuoluton L 0.25 Mg/0.05 Mg Tablet139.5
Loette TabletLoette Tablet177.1
Ovilow TabletOvilow 0.02 Mg/0.1 Mg Tablet104.0
Ovral G TabletOvral G 0.05 Mg/0.5 Mg Tablet160.74
Ovral L TabletOvral L 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet64.47
Suvida TabletSuvida 0.3 Mg/0.03 Mg Tablet30.0
Triquilar TabletTriquilar Tablet90.5
Dearloe TabletDearloe 0.02 Mg/0.1 Mg Tablet93.02
Ergest TabletErgest 0.05 Mg/0.25 Mg Tablet68.48
Ergest Ld TabletErgest Ld 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet70.56
Esro TabletEsro 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet65.0
Esro G TabletEsro G 0.050 Mg/0.250 Mg Tablet70.0
Esro L TabletEsro L 0.02 Mg/0.10 Mg Tablet60.0
Florina TabletFlorina 0.1 Mg/0.02 Mg Tablet67.25
Florina G TabletFlorina G 0.05 Mg/0.25 Mg Tablet96.0
Florina N TabletFlorina N Tablet96.0
Mala D TabletMala D Tablet2.75
Nogestol TabletNogestol 0.15 Mg/0.03 Mg Tablet63.0
Orgalutin TabletOrgalutin 0.05 Mg/2.5 Mg Tablet22.91
Levora TabletLevora 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet25.0
Lyna TabletLyna Tablet55.0
Oc 21 TabletOc 21 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet78.0
Ovral TabletOvral Tablet70.56
Unwanted Pregcard TabletUnwanted Pregcard 21 Days Tablet58.0
FemostonFemoston 1 Mg/5 Mg Tablet625.0
SmartinorSmartinor 5 Mg Tablet62.0

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