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What is iron deficiency?

The iron levels in the body are usually within the normal range of 13.5 to 17.5 g/dL of blood for men and 12.0 to 15.5 g/dL for women. Below these levels, a person is said to have iron deficiency. Apart from its other functions, iron forms a major component of haemoglobin in the blood.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Iron deficiency often presents as:

  • Anaemia due to low haemoglobin and as the blood cells can be malformed due to iron deficiency
  • Fatigue and tiredness
  • Lowered immunity, making the person susceptible to infections
  • Pale skin
  • Hair loss
  • Red, inflamed tongue

What are its main causes?

One of the major causes of iron deficiency is malabsorption of iron. Iron is usually lacking in the diet of vegans and vegetarians. Calcium can interfere with iron absorption as well; therefore, iron-rich food must not be taken with milk or milk products. Certain conditions require a greater amount of iron intake, for example, pregnancy. Any trauma or surgery that results in blood loss in large amounts may leave a person iron deficient. Thus iron deficiency can also be observed in women after childbirth. Menstrual blood loss is another factor that contributes to the high prevalence of iron deficiency in women.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Diagnosis of iron deficiency begins with a clinical examination. A blood examination and haemoglobin and haematocrit testing are usually enough for diagnosing iron deficiency. Treatment includes iron supplementation and intake of iron-rich foods. Iron tablets are available as over-the-counter drugs; however, a person should be careful while taking them as they may lead to constipation. Avoid taking iron supplements with milk as it can hamper the absorption of iron. If iron deficiency is caused due to severe blood loss, a blood transfusion may be required.

  1. Medicines for Iron Deficiency
  2. Doctors for Iron Deficiency
Dr. Tanmay Bharani

Dr. Tanmay Bharani

एंडोक्राइन ग्रंथियों और होर्मोनेस सम्बन्धी विज्ञान

Dr. Sunil Kumar Mishra

Dr. Sunil Kumar Mishra

एंडोक्राइन ग्रंथियों और होर्मोनेस सम्बन्धी विज्ञान

Dr. Parjeet Kaur

Dr. Parjeet Kaur

एंडोक्राइन ग्रंथियों और होर्मोनेस सम्बन्धी विज्ञान

Medicines for Iron Deficiency

Medicines listed below are available for Iron Deficiency. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Zifol XtZifol Xt Suspension108
Haem Up FastHaem Up Fast Tablet70
Haem UpHAEM UP 2.5MG TABLET 10S0
LivogenLivogen Adult Tonic104
Orofer FcmOROFER FCM INJECTION 1K3912
Nexiron LPNEXIRON LP TABLET 10S80
Iron + Folic Acid SyrupIron + Folic Acid Syrup28
SederOM TabletSederOM Tablet 120
FemiupFemiup Xt 100 Mg Injection156
FeroniaFeronia -XT Tablet100
HaemadayHaemaday 100 Mg Injection199
IkeyIkey 100 Mg Injection143
IvcrosIvcros 100 Mg Injection224
OvercomOvercom 100 Mg Injection0
RoseusROSEUS TABLET 10S86
SufecientSufecient 20 Mg Injection200
ZemciferZemcifer 100 Mg Injection211
Anofer SAnofer S 100 Mg Injection208
Ferikind SFERIKIND SUSPENSION 170ML79
FeriseFerise 2.5 Mg Injection72
FerixymFerixym 100 Mg Injection258
Feroluv SFEROLUV SYRUP 150ML43
Ferri D InjectionFerri D 100 Mg Injection135
FerriFERRI 20MG/2.5ML INJECTION104

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References

  1. American Society of Hematology. [Internet]. Washington DC, United States. Iron-Deficiency Anemia.
  2. National Health Service [Internet] NHS inform; Scottish Government; Iron deficiency anaemia.
  3. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Iron-Deficiency Anemia.
  4. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Iron deficiency anemia.
  5. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Anemia caused by low iron - infants and toddlers.
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