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What is Lymphoma?

Lymphoma is a type of cancer characterised by uncontrolled growth of lymphocytes without cell death. This leads to an increased number and their accumulation throughout the body.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Lymphoma has early symptoms, which can easily be overlooked or taken to be general and common health issues. Some of the early symptoms are listed below:

However, if overlooked, the symptoms can get acute and more particular. Some of the advanced stage symptoms are

What are its main causes?

Lymphoma occurs when the lymphocytes, i.e., the white blood cells, which are responsible for immunity against any foreign threat, start growing in large numbers due to different reasons.

The exact reason for such an outburst of lymphocytes is not known yet, and studies are conducted to determine the cause. Some factors, such as age and sex, are still predicted to be a risk factor of this cancer, but none have proved to be true to date.

Known risk factors for lymphoma that can be avoided are obesity, carcinogens, alcohol, smoking, radiation and tobacco.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Based on the symptoms suggesting a lymph cancer, the doctor or hematopathologist recommends a biopsy to determine and examine the type of cell that is growing uncontrollably.

After detection of lymphoma cells, further examinations, including chest X-rays and blood tests along with computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), are carried out to determine the growth and identify the affected areas of the body.

The treatment modalities are based on the stage of cancer.

The most common treatment in the early stages are medicinal only; however, in the later stages, chemotherapy and radiation are introduced. Drugs, such as rituximab, which target the cancerous B-cells, are also found useful in such stages. In special cases of high immune deficiency, doctors carry out a bone marrow or stem cell transplant, which helps in building new and healthy immune cells.

  1. Medicines for Lymphoma
  2. Doctors for Lymphoma
Dr. Susovan Banerjee

Dr. Susovan Banerjee

ऑन्कोलॉजी

Dr. Rajeev Agarwal

Dr. Rajeev Agarwal

ऑन्कोलॉजी

Dr. Nitin Sood

Dr. Nitin Sood

ऑन्कोलॉजी

Medicines for Lymphoma

Medicines listed below are available for Lymphoma. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
WysoloneWysolone 10 Tablet DT14
FolitraxFolitrax 10 Tablet99
Low DexLow Dex Eye/Ear Drops8
DexacortDexacort Eye Drop13
Dexacort (Klar Sheen)Dexacort (Klar Sheen) 0.1% Eye Drop14
4 Quin Dx4 Quin Dx Eye Drop13
SolodexSolodex 0.1% Eye/Ear Drops4
Apdrops DmApdrops Dm 0.5% W/V/1% W/V Eye Drop103
Lupidexa CLupidexa C Eye Drop7
Dexcin MDexcin M Eye Drop59
Ocugate DxOcugate Dx Eye Drop8
Mfc DMfc D Eye Drop84
Mflotas DxMflotas Dx 0.5%W/V/0.1%W/V Eye Drop78
Mo 4 DxMo 4 Dx Eye Drop64
Moxifax DxMoxifax Dx Eye Drop52
Moxitak DmMoxitak Dm Eye Drops16
MyticomMyticom Eye Drop72
Occumox DmOccumox Dm 0.5%/0.1% Eye Drop0
Mflotas DMflotas D Eye Drop0

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References

  1. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Lymphoma.
  2. American Cancer Society [Internet] Atlanta, Georgia, U.S; Lymphoma.
  3. Center for Disease Control and Prevention [internet], Atlanta (GA): US Department of Health and Human Services; Lymphoma.
  4. National Cancer Institute [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Lymphoma—Patient Version.
  5. National Cancer Institute [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Lymphoma—Health Professional Version Patient Version TREATMENT.
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