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What is Postmenopausal Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a disorder wherein the bones become weak and brittle, making them prone to fractures. Menopause occurs in women usually at around the age of 45-52 years and is associated with many hormonal changes. Hormonal changes, in turn, lead to a number of physiological effects, including calcium absorption in the bones. Postmenopause, women are prone to osteoporosis due to loss of the protective function of oestrogen on bones.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The disease remains largely hidden unless it manifests itself as a fracture or as a finding on an X-ray or body scan conducted for some other purpose. Worse still, some hairline fractures may go unnoticed. A classic example is a vertebral fracture, which may present as nothing more than a dull pain in the back that exacerbates on movement. Fractures do occur under milder forces as well. These are called fragility fractures. At later stages, patients may experience reduced height due to multiple such vertebral fractures. Also, the widow’s hump or kyphosis is seen in women due to weakened posture owing to weaker bones.

What are its main causes?

The hormones produced by ovaries before menopause help maintain the balance of bone formation and resorption but ovarian function and hormones declines with age. Low levels of ovarian hormones increase the rate of bone resorption in the body while bone deposition is relatively slower leading to weaker bones. The bone fragility thus increases and bone strength decreases significantly in the first few years after menopause.

The risk of fracture is high in patients who are prone to more falls due to difficulty in maintaining posture and balance. Lack of physical activity also adds to the risk of bone fragility. Alcohol consumption and smoking are additional risk factors.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Osteoporosis may result from altered blood levels of calcium and magnesium, anaemia, thyroid dysfunction, vitamin D deficiency and effects of alcohol abuse on liver. Thus, blood tests to assess thyroid function test, and serum levels of calcium, vitamin D and magnesium might be done. X-rays are mandatory in patients where a fracture is suspected. A height loss of more than 1.5 inches also warrants an X-ray imaging test.

An imaging study called as bone density scan or DEXA scan helps identify the various bones that may have osteoporosis and its severity.
Treatment includes the prescription of certain drugs to help strengthen bones- calcium and vitamin D supplements and drugs to slow down bone resorption. Hormone replacement is, however, not advised. Bone mineral density has to be monitored continuously, and the patient is advised to be careful in routine life to avoid falls and injuries, to prevent fractures.

  1. Medicines for Post Menopausal Osteoporosis

Medicines for Post Menopausal Osteoporosis

Medicines listed below are available for Post Menopausal Osteoporosis. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
ActonelActonel 35 Mg Tablet2310.0
FossicalFossical 35 Mg Tablet94.0
GemfosGemfos 150 Mg Tablet199.0
OsedrateOsedrate 35 Mg Tablet155.0
RisoweekRisoweek 35 Mg Tablet156.0
RisofosRisofos 150 Mg Tablet196.0
ConjugaseConjugase Tablet242.0
EspauzEspauz 0.625 Mg Tablet487.0
PremarinPremarin 0.30 Mg Tablet549.0
Cyclenorm ECyclenorm E 0.01 Mg Tablet14.0
Ethinorm EEthinorm E 0.1 Mg Tablet14.0
EvomidEvomid Tablet12.0
LynoralLynoral 0.01 Mg Tablet22.0
Secam ESecam E 0.02 Mg Tablet14.0
VeronicaVeronica Kit 0.03 Mg Tablet699.0
EmgraEmgra 2 Mg Tablet280.0
EndofertEndofert 2 Mg Tablet251.0
EndothikEndothik 2 Mg Tablet256.0
EnrifolEnrifol 2 Mg Tablet252.0
EstrobuildEstrobuild 2 Mg Tablet299.0
EvadiolEvadiol 2 Mg Tablet251.0
EvEv 2 Mg Tablet99.0
MyestraMyestra 1 Tablet90.0
Progynova TabletProgynova 1 Mg Tablet212.0
ValestValest 2 Mg Tablet332.0
CarriedCarried Tablet79.0
EdvalEdval 2 Mg Tablet306.0
EstaEsta 0.375 Mg Spray1774.0
EstogenEstogen 0.2 Mg Injection45.0
EstovaEstova 1 Mg Tablet120.0
EstrabetEstrabet 1 Mg Tablet185.0
EsuranceEsurance 2 Mg Tablet252.0
EvalueEvalue 2 Mg Tablet252.0
EvatoneEvatone 2 Mg Tablet88.0
EvyaEvya 2 Mg Tablet233.0
EstrogynovaEstrogynova Tablet250.0
FemidiolFemidiol 2 Mg Tablet94.0
ProgynonProgynon 10 Mg Injection375.0
Deca Durabolin Injection.Deca Durabolin 50 Mg Injection256.0
Deca Durabolin InjectionDeca Durabolin 100 Mg Injection408.0
DecaneurabolDecaneurabol 25 Mg Injection108.0
DecaneurophenDecaneurophen 25 Mg Injection112.0
Durabolin (Organon)Durabolin 25 Mg Injection78.0
MetabolMetabol 25 Mg Injection86.0
Metadec (Jagsonpal)Metadec 100 Mg Injection337.0
NeurophenNeurophen 25 Mg Injection69.0
ProtabolProtabol 25 Mg Injection71.0
ZestabolinZestabolin 50 Mg Injection135.0
AminodecAminodec 50 Mg Injection120.0
AndecaAndeca 25 Mg Injection62.0
AumentoAumento 100 Mg Injection250.0
AurobolinAurobolin 25 Mg Injection76.0
BetadecabolinBetadecabolin 25 Mg Injection57.0
BevodecBevodec 25 Mg Injection68.0
CenpowerCenpower 25 Mg Injection73.0
Deca AnabolinDeca Anabolin 25 Mg Injection136.0
Decabolin (Medinova)Decabolin 25 Mg Injection75.0
DecadurakopDecadurakop 25 Mg Injection97.0
Deca EvabolinDeca Evabolin 25 Mg Injection39.0
DecakabDecakab 25 Mg Injection64.0
DecamaxDecamax 25 Mg Injection88.0
DecameribolDecameribol 50 Mg Injection69.0
DecamidDecamid 25 Injection86.0
DecaminDecamin 25 Mg Injection65.0
DecatrolinDecatrolin 25 Mg Injection96.0
DecdolDecdol 25 Mg Injection71.0
De ConbolDe Conbol 25 Mg Injection100.0
DocabolinDocabolin 50 Mg Injection40.0
EffibolEffibol 25 Mg Injection52.0
EffilinEffilin 25 Mg Injection63.0
InstadecInstadec 25 Mg Injection85.0
LeodecLeodec 25 Mg Injection84.0
MartidecaMartideca 25 Mg Injection108.0
MartiloneMartilone 25 Mg Injection54.0
MetabolinMetabolin 25 Mg Injection93.0
Met Up(Obsurge)Met Up 25 Mg Injection78.0
NadrosolNadrosol 25 Mg Injection110.0
Nandrolone DecanoateNandrolone Decanoate 25 Mg Injection12.0
Nd GoldNd Gold 25 Mg Injection92.0
NovodecNovodec 50 Mg Injection108.0
OctobolinOctobolin 25 Mg Injection39.0
OctodecOctodec 25 Mg Injection85.0
ProtadecProtadec 25 Mg Injection119.0
ProtomarkProtomark 25 Mg Injection114.0
ProtophenProtophen 25 Mg Injection52.0
RapticRaptic 25 Mg Injection80.0
RefastRefast 50 Mg Injection94.0
RevidecRevidec 25 Mg Injection85.0
SensinormSensinorm 25 Mg Injection66.0
SynodecSynodec 50 Mg Injection100.0
VoltaVolta 25 Mg Injection67.0
ZebolZebol 25 Mg Injection78.0
ZendecZendec 25 Mg Injection80.0
ZotabolinZotabolin 25 Mg Injection32.0
AldroneAldrone 25 Mg Injection20.0
Alkem NandroloneAlkem Nandrolone 25 Mg Injection12.0
AmdecAmdec Drops131.0
AnaballAnaball 25 Mg Injection33.0
AnamidAnamid 25 Mg Injection39.0
AvillinAvillin 25 Mg Injection31.0
BetabolinBetabolin 25 Mg Injection48.0
BiodebolBiodebol 25 Mg Injection21.0
CadabolicCadabolic 25 Mg Injection17.0
Celon (Clyde)Celon 25 Mg Injection81.0
CheribolCheribol 25 Mg Injection64.0
Decabolin (Nicholas)Decabolin 50 Mg Injection19.0
DecadexDecadex 25 Mg Injection25.0
Deca Evabolin (Woc)Deca Evabolin 25 Mg Injection16.0
Decamore BolinDecamore Bolin 25 Mg Injection16.0
DecanandrobolDecanandrobol 25 Mg Injection19.0
Deca NdrDeca Ndr 25 Mg Injection89.0
DecanevolDecanevol 50 Mg Injection140.0
DecapicDecapic 25 Mg Injection17.0
Deca RanbisoloneDeca Ranbisolone 25 Mg Injection21.0
DecavillinDecavillin 25 Mg Injection68.0
DetaduraDetadura 25 Mg Injection114.0
EldecEldec 25 Mg Injection63.0
Embolin DecEmbolin Dec 50 Mg Injection113.0
HidecHidec 25 Mg Injection80.0
IntabolinIntabolin 50 Mg Injection18.0
KindacKindac 25 Mg Injection80.0
LincodecLincodec 25 Mg Injection75.0
MetupMetup 25 Mg Tablet98.0
MyobolinMyobolin 25 Mg Injection55.0
NandroNandro 50 Mg Injection53.0
NandrobolNandrobol 25 Mg Injection35.0
NandrodecNandrodec 25 Mg Injection66.0
NandrolinNandrolin 25 Mg Injection18.0
NandyNandy 50 Mg Injection100.0
NdcNdc 25 Mg Injection81.0
NdrNdr 25 Mg Injection47.0
NeodecNeodec 25 Mg Injection75.0
NeurofolNeurofol 25 Mg Injection79.0
Nicobolin (Nicholas)Nicobolin 25 Mg Injection12.0
NoldyNoldy 25 Mg Injection74.0
N ZoleN Zole 25 Mg Injection62.0
SanbolSanbol 25 Mg Injection39.0
SolidecSolidec 50 Injection120.0
VelbolVelbol 25 Mg Injection59.0
WodroneWodrone 25 Mg Injection50.0
ZanetaZaneta 25 Mg Injection72.0
ZendroneZendrone 25 Mg Injection17.0
DuphastonDuphaston 10 Mg Tablet460.0
JigestJigest 10 Mg Tablet226.0
T Pill TabletT Pill 0.15 Mg/0.03 Mg Tablet57.77
BomastrenBomastren 750 Mg Injection12857.1
BonistaBonista 250 Mg Injection7117.5
Bonmax PthBonmax Pth 750 Mcg Cartridge6900.0
BonotiodeBonotiode 250 Mcg Injection13600.0
ForteoForteo 750 Mcg Injection23462.0
GemtideGemtide 750 Mg Cartridge12000.0
OsteotideOsteotide 250 Mcg Injection8950.0
TereosTereos 750 Mcg Injection12640.0
TerifracTerifrac 250 Mcg Pen1100.0
ZotideZotide 750 Mcg Cartridge7000.0
TerifortTerifort 750 Mg Injection7297.65
Tricium PthTricium Pth 750 Mcg Injection4500.0
BandroneBandrone 150 Mg Tablet164.9
BondriaBondria Tablet531.25
BonimetBonimet 6 Mg Injection2500.0
BonriseBonrise 150 Mg Tablet150.0
BonvidBonvid 150 Mg Tablet239.0
FlurishFlurish 150 Mg Tablet178.0
GemidroGemidro 150 Mg Tablet266.0
MonthibaMonthiba 150 Mg Tablet168.27
VebaloneVebalone 150 Mg Tablet252.0
AldrosisAldrosis 150 Mg Tablet199.0
IdrofosIdrofos 1 Mg Injection1316.0
BonebayBonebay 60 Mg Tablet95.47
EssermEsserm 60 Mg Tablet99.6
EstroactEstroact 60 Mg Tablet90.0
OsralOsral 60 Mg Tablet69.0
PosmoPosmo 60 Mg Tablet100.0
RalistaRalista 60 Mg Tablet111.34
RalofenRalofen 60 Mg Tablet99.0
RalostoRalosto 60 Mg Tablet99.9
RalotabRalotab 60 Mg Tablet69.48
RonalRonal 60 Mg Tablet68.81
CeostCeost 60 Mg Tablet63.0
EvomateEvomate 60 Mg Tablet73.08
FemoralFemoral 60 Mg Tablet141.96
BiocalcinBiocalcin 100 Iu Injection184.42
KalnaseKalnase Nasal Spray950.0
UnicalcinUnicalcin 100 Iu Injection185.0
Rockbon CRockbon C 100 Iu Spray1520.0
CalsprayCalspray 100 Iu Spray1310.0
LivialLivial 2.5 Mg Tablet1270.0
MaxtibMaxtib Tablet309.0
SiboloneSibolone 12.5 Mg Tablet218.8
TibofemTibofem 2.5 Mg Tablet403.0
TibomaxTibomax 2.5 Mg Tablet209.57
DivigelDivigel 0.1% Gel615.0
OestrogelOestrogel 0.06% Gel600.0
E 2E 2 0.06% Gel10.27
EvolonEvolon Cream289.0
Alivher EsAlivher Es 1 Mg/25 Mg Tablet0.0
Endothik EsEndothik Es 1 Mg/25 Mg Capsule0.0
PrimiwalPrimiwal 2 Mg/25 Mg Tablet0.0
Prostium EsProstium Es 2 Mg/25 Mg Capsule Dr0.0
EndonormEndonorm Tablet218.25
AsmitaAsmita 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Tablet405.0
CrisantaCrisanta 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Tablet347.0
Crisanta LsCrisanta Ls 0.02 Mg/3 Mg Tablet247.5
DorisDoris 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Tablet348.5
DrospyDrospy Tablet390.0
HervoteHervote 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Tablet318.0
JanyaJanya 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Tablet290.0
PadminiPadmini 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Kit350.0
RasminRasmin 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Tablet299.0
YaminiYamini 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Tablet349.0
Yamini KitYamini Kit 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Tablet383.0
Yamini Ls KitYamini Ls Kit 0.02 Mg/3 Mg Tablet234.5
YanciYanci 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Tablet350.0
YasminYasmin 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Tablet413.0
YazYaz 3 Mg/0.02 Mg Tablet390.0
DronisDronis 20 Tablet296.0
DrosmacDrosmac 20 Mcg Tablet235.0
DrostolDrostol Tablet290.0
ButipilButipil 0.035 Mg/2 Mg Tablet184.25
CarpelaCarpela 0.035 Mg/2 Mg Tablet264.0
CarrolCarrol 0.035 Mg/2 Mg Tablet197.05
ElestraElestra 0.035 Mg/2 Mg Tablet312.7
EstranonEstranon Tablet260.0
EvashineEvashine 0.035 Mg/2 Mg Tablet210.0
GinetteGinette 0.035 Mg/2 Mg Tablet282.5
HerfaceHerface 0.035 Mg/2 Mg Tablet241.0
HersuitHersuit 0.035 Mg/2 Mg Tablet201.81
KrimsonKrimson Tablet282.0
Cyna KitCyna Kit Tablet195.0
My PillMy Pill Tablet233.0
CalintaCalinta Kit412.0
Dear TabletDear Tablet102.3
Divacon TabletDivacon 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet59.53
Duoluton L TabletDuoluton L 0.25 Mg/0.05 Mg Tablet139.5
Loette TabletLoette Tablet177.1
Ovilow TabletOvilow 0.02 Mg/0.1 Mg Tablet104.0
Ovral G TabletOvral G 0.05 Mg/0.5 Mg Tablet160.74
Ovral L TabletOvral L 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet64.47
Suvida TabletSuvida 0.3 Mg/0.03 Mg Tablet30.0
Triquilar TabletTriquilar Tablet90.5
Dearloe TabletDearloe 0.02 Mg/0.1 Mg Tablet93.02
Ergest TabletErgest 0.05 Mg/0.25 Mg Tablet68.48
Ergest Ld TabletErgest Ld 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet70.56
Esro TabletEsro 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet65.0
Esro G TabletEsro G 0.050 Mg/0.250 Mg Tablet70.0
Esro L TabletEsro L 0.02 Mg/0.10 Mg Tablet60.0
Florina TabletFlorina 0.1 Mg/0.02 Mg Tablet67.25
Florina G TabletFlorina G 0.05 Mg/0.25 Mg Tablet96.0
Florina N TabletFlorina N Tablet96.0
Mala D TabletMala D Tablet2.75
Nogestol TabletNogestol 0.15 Mg/0.03 Mg Tablet63.0
Orgalutin TabletOrgalutin 0.05 Mg/2.5 Mg Tablet22.91
Levora TabletLevora 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet25.0
Lyna TabletLyna Tablet55.0
Oc 21 TabletOc 21 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet78.0
Ovral TabletOvral Tablet70.56
Unwanted Pregcard TabletUnwanted Pregcard 21 Days Tablet58.0
Descon KitDescon Kit150.0
DesoleeDesolee 0.15 Mg/0.02 Mg Tablet76.83
DestrogenDestrogen 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet100.0
ElogenElogen 0.02 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet111.0
FamyceptFamycept Kit 0.02 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet175.0
FemilonFemilon Tablet194.0
I ConI Con 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet95.65
Intimacy PlusIntimacy Plus 0.02 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet104.86
JulianaJuliana 0.02 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet132.0
LocipilLocipil 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet150.0
LovalisLovalis 0.15 Mg/0.03 Mg Tablet85.71
Lovalis LLovalis L Tablet80.95
Novelon TabletNovelon 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet167.0
OvulocOvuloc 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet118.0
Ovuloc LdOvuloc Ld 0.02 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet115.5
MilianaMiliana Tablet132.0
FemostonFemoston 1 Mg/5 Mg Tablet625.0
FrewilFrewil 2 Mg/0.035 Mg Tablet175.0
CysteliaCystelia 35 Tablet250.0
Harmoni FHarmoni F 2 Mg/0.035 Mg/5 Mg Tablet281.4
AvicalAvical 500 Mg Tablet20.93
ChoiceChoice Tablet30.0
GemcalGemcal Kit160.5
HicalHical Tablet46.66

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