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What is Raynaud's phenomenon?

Raynaud’s phenomenon (RP) is a condition characterised by colour changes (white, blue and red) of the fingers and toes due to decreased blood flow to the extremities when exposed to extreme cold climate or stress. It can be primary or secondary based on the underlying cause.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The symptoms of this condition occur intermittently when an individual experiences an episode and include:

  • The following sensations in the affected parts:
    • Pain.
    • Pins and needle prick like sensations.
    • Numbness.
    • Tingling.
    • Discomfort.
  • Colour changes with characteristic blue, white or red discolouration.
  • It becomes difficult to move the affected part

What are the main causes?

Raynaud’s phenomenon is basically caused by overly sensitive blood vessels in the toes and fingers in some individuals. Primary Raynaud’s phenomenon is idiopathic (where the cause is unknown), whereas in secondary form the causes include:

  • Certain conditions like autoimmune disorders and arthritis.
  • Frostbite.
  • Medications, which include beta blockers and certain chemotherapeutic agents.
  • Mechanical vibration.
  • Atherosclerosis (narrowing and hardening of the arteries).
  • Smoking.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

The diagnosis is made on the basis of a complete medical history and thorough physical examination, followed by tests which include:

  • Blood tests to look for the presence of autoimmunity.
  • Examination of the blood vessels below the fingernails using a test called nailfold capillaroscopy.
  • Microscopic examination of fingernail tissue.
  • Cold stimulation test.

 Management of the condition includes:

  • Lifestyle modifications, such as:
    • Soaking the hands in warm water as soon as the first sign of an attack appears.
    • Using hand warmers and gloves in cold weather to keep hands and feet warm.
    • Avoiding triggers, such as stress and certain medications.
    • Quitting smoking is an important change to stop Raynaud’s phenomenon.
  • Medications:
    • Blood pressure medications, such as calcium channel blockers and angiotensin-receptor blockers, that increase the blood flow to the affected areas by dilating the blood vessels, can be given.
    • Complications (ulcers) can be treated using sildenafil or prostacyclins.
    • Medications to improve symptoms include:
      • Topical creams.
      • Selective-serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs).
      • Cholesterol-lowering (statin) medications.
  1. Medicines for Raynaud's Phenomenon

Medicines for Raynaud's Phenomenon

Medicines listed below are available for Raynaud's Phenomenon. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
AdilanAdilan 10 Mg Tablet18.0
AdilinAdilin 10 Mg Tablet12.0
AldulanAldulan 10 Mg Tablet15.0
DiproxDiprox 40 Mg Tablet Sr38.0
DuvadilanDuvadilan 10 Mg Tablet104.0
EnproxEnprox 40 Mg Tablet Sr55.0
FenamFenam Tablet Sr45.0
GestakindGestakind 10 Mg Tablet19.0
IorilIoril 10 Mg Tablet12.0
IsoIso 20 Mg Tablet61.0
Isolan(Mcm)Isolan 10 Mg Tablet19.0
IsopregIsopreg 10 Mg Injection14.0
IsoprixIsoprix 10 Mg Tablet11.0
IsoxlanIsoxlan 10 Mg Tablet18.0
NidalanNidalan 10 Mg Tablet15.0
OrdilanOrdilan 10 Mg Tablet14.0
PerivalanPerivalan 10 Mg Tablet18.0
PregninPregnin 10 Mg Tablet17.0
PridilanPridilan 10 Mg Tablet12.0
SimloforSimlofor 20 Mg Tablet36.0
SuproxSuprox 10 Mg Tablet25.0
SurdilanSurdilan 10 Mg Tablet18.0
SusoxSusox 10 Mg Tablet18.0
TidilanTidilan 10 Mg Tablet58.0
Tidilan RetardTidilan Retard 40 Mg Tablet63.0
TocolyteTocolyte 40 Mg Tablet45.0
UdilanUdilan 10 Mg Tablet12.0
UterestUterest 10 Mg Tablet36.0
Vasodilan (M.D.C)Vasodilan 10 Mg Tablet25.0
VasodilanVasodilan 20 Mg Tablet8.0
GidilanGidilan 10 Mg Tablet9.0
HerdilanHerdilan 40 Mg Tablet Sr42.0
IscomIscom 40 Mg Tablet Sr36.0
IsofastIsofast 40 Mg Sr Tablet64.0
IsowokIsowok 40 Mg Tablet54.0
IstIst 20 Mg Tablet14.0
TocogestTocogest 40 Mg Tablet Sr53.0
UrilexUrilex 10 Mg Tablet16.0
Urilex SrUrilex Sr Capsule65.0
XridXrid Sr Capsule53.0
CevadilCevadil 200 Mg Capsule38.0
Cyclo (Elder)Cyclo 200 Mg Tablet34.65
CyclospasmolCyclospasmol 200 Mg Capsule39.0

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