Skin Disorders and Diseases

Dr. Ayush PandeyMBBS,PG Diploma

January 09, 2019

March 06, 2020

Skin Disorders and Diseases
Skin Disorders and Diseases

What are skin disorders and diseases?

The skin is a protective and the largest organ in the human body. Any substance that irritates the skin leads to swelling, itching, burning and redness of the skin which affects the appearance of the skin. The changes in the skin could also be due to a disease or infection. Skin disorders range from increased/decreased skin pigment, sensations, scaling, to the presence of blisters, nodules, rashes.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The main signs and symptoms of skin disorders are:

  • Ulcers
  • Open wounds
  • Dry skin
  • Pus formation
  • Changes in the colour of the skin
  • Breakouts
  • Itchy or painful rashes
  • Spots
  • Raised welts
  • Crusty skin
  • Faded spots on the skin
  • Redness
  • Fluid-filled blisters
  • Open sores
  • Wrinkles
  • Lumps
  • Rashes
  • Tenderness
  • Swelling

What are the main causes?

The main causes of skin diseases and disorders are:

  • Allergies to medications, food, pollen or insect bites
  • Age
  • Pregnancy
  • Skin cancer
  • Thyroid, liver or kidney diseases
  • Weak immunity
  • Poor skin hygiene
  • Genetic factors
  • Side effects of medications
  • Skin-irritant chemicals
  • Burns
  • Photosensitivity
  • Warts
  • Diabetes
  • Virus, fungus or bacteria
  • Autoimmune conditions, for example, lupus

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Apart from a thorough physical examination, and detailed history taking, skin diseases and disorders are diagnosed using the following methods:

  • Patch test – to detect the presence of infections and reactions to any substance
  • Culture test – to identify the presence of fungus, bacteria or virus that is causing the disease
  • Biopsy to look for cancer tissue or a benign tumour in the skin

Treatments for skin disorders are based on the underlying cause. The following medications are commonly used to treat skin disorders:

  • Topical corticosteroids
  • Topical antibiotic creams and ointments
  • Oral steroids and antibiotics
  • Ultraviolet (UV)-A1
  • Narrowband UV-B light
  • Anti-histamines
  • Creams and ointments
  • Antifungal sprays
  • Excimer laser therapy
  • Over-the-counter skincare products
  • Targeted prescription medications
  • Certain home remedies, like honey
  • Blue light photodynamic therapy
  • Acupuncture
  • Psoralen and UV light A (PUVA)
  • Surgery
  • Steroid or vitamin injections
  • Medicated makeup.


  1. National Institute of Arthritirs and Musculoskeletal and Skin Disease. [Internet]. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services; Skin Diseases.
  2. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Skin Conditions.
  3. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Hives.
  4. Kurban RS,Kurban AK et al. Common skin disorders of aging: diagnosis and treatment.. Geriatrics. 1993 Apr;48(4):30-1, 35-6, 39-42. PMID: 8462882
  5. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Skin Health and Skin Diseases.
  6. Pauline McLoone et al. Honey: A Therapeutic Agent for Disorders of the Skin. Cent Asian J Glob Health. 2016; 5(1): 241. PMID: 29138732

Medicines for Skin Disorders and Diseases

Medicines listed below are available for Skin Disorders and Diseases. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Lab Tests recommended for Skin Disorders and Diseases

Number of tests are available for Skin Disorders and Diseases. We have listed commonly prescribed tests below:

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