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What is spinal cord injury?

Spinal cord injury is trauma or injury to the spinal cord or to the nerves emerging from the spinal cord. This type of injury usually causes altered sensations, muscle strength changes, and sometimes, may lead to paralysis. Spinal cord injury can result from a fall, accidents or infections of the backbones. If the injury is minor, the prognosis is good, but if there is a severe injury, then it may cause permanent damage.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Signs and symptoms of spinal cord injury depend on the site or the level at which the trauma has occurred along with the severity of the injury.

  • Paraplegia or quadriplegia- paralysis of one or all four limbs
  • Loss of sensation or altered sensation, especially for touch, heat or cold
  • Loss of bladder or bowel control
  • Loss of movements
  • Exaggerated or diminished reflexes
  • Altered sexual functioning
  • Difficulty in coughing and breathing

Signs and symptoms that indicate severe injury include:

  • Severe back pain that extends to the neck and the head
  • Paralysis of the affected part
  • Difficulty in maintaining posture and walking
  • Difficulty in breathing after injury
  • Loss of bladder and bowel control

What are the main causes?

Symptoms of spinal cord injury may arise when there is damage to the bones of the vertebral column, the intervertebral disc or to the muscles and ligaments supporting the vertebral column. Injury to these structures can happen due to trauma (causing fractures or dislocation of the vertebrae), arthritis, inflammation, infection, cancer or due to disc degeneration.

Apart from fractures resulting from spinal cord injuries, there is a possibility of swelling, inflammation, fluid accumulation, and bleeding around the spinal cord, which can result in the compression of the spinal cord. These injuries can happen due to a fall, vehicular accidents, physical violence, sports injuries or due to diseases.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Spinal cord injury cases are usually seen in the emergency room, where a thorough medical examination, along with, evaluation of reflexes can hint towards the level at which the cord gets injured and also the severity of injury. Apart from medical history, certain imaging modalities help in concluding the extent of injury. These imaging modalities include:

  • X-ray – Help in checking for fractures, disc herniation etc.
  • CT scan – Provides a better view over X-rays and gives an idea about the bones and disc and also help in checking for infections or cancers of the bones of the vertebral column.
  • MRI scan – It is the most advanced modality and choice of investigation, as it gives a clear picture of the bones, the muscles, the ligaments and also the intervertebral discs. It also helps in deciding the extent of cord compression.

Treatment of spinal cord injury focuses on reducing the disability and symptoms of pain and discomfort, as there are limited means to reverse the damage to the spinal cord.

Modalities for acute injuries include:

  • Medications for inflammation and swelling around the spinal nerves.
  • Immobilization to stabilize the vertebral column.
  • Surgery to repair the injury to the bones and ligaments of the vertebral column.

Treatment modalities for chronic injuries:

  • Medications – Certain medicines that reduce pain, cause muscle relaxation, and improve bladder and bowel control are used.
  • Physical therapy – Also known as rehabilitation therapy, it is used to reduce the impact of injury and for improving the lost functions of the limbs. Several modern techniques are used for this, which include:
  • Electric nerve stimulation
  • Robotic gait training
  • Use of modern electrical wheelchairs.
  1. Medicines for Spinal Cord Injury
  2. Doctors for Spinal Cord Injury
Dr. Madhu

Dr. Madhu

ओर्थोपेडिक्स

Dr. Jinagam M Praveen Kumar

Dr. Jinagam M Praveen Kumar

ओर्थोपेडिक्स

Dr. Mohit  Kumar

Dr. Mohit Kumar

ओर्थोपेडिक्स

Medicines for Spinal Cord Injury

Medicines listed below are available for Spinal Cord Injury. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
GabawinGabawin 25 Mg Tablet47.0
LyricaLyrica 150 Mg Capsule1152.0
MaxgalinMaxgalin 100 Mg Tablet Er138.0
NeugabaNeugaba 150 Mg Capsule200.0
NovaNova 75 Mg Tablet84.0
PregabaPregaba 150 Mg Capsule171.0
PregabidPregabid 150 Mg Capsule220.0
PregalinPregalin 100 Mg Capsule162.0
PregastarPregastar 75 Mg Capsule115.0
PregebPregeb 150 Mg Capsule208.0
AdnurveAdnurve Sr Tablet199.0
AvertzAvertz 150 Mg Tablet130.0
EngabaEngaba 150 Mg Tablet147.0
EzegalinEzegalin 75 Mg Tablet Sr96.0
GabacureGabacure 75 Mg Tablet Sr75.0
GabafitGabafit 100 Mg Capsule94.0
GabanextGabanext 75 Mg Capsule101.0
GablincadGablincad 75 Mg Capsule87.0
JublinJublin 150 Mg Capsule125.0
NeugabidNeugabid Sr 75 Mg Tablet95.0
NeugalinNeugalin 75 Mg Capsule99.0
NeurokemNeurokem 50 Mg Tablet71.0
NuramedNuramed 150 Mg Capsule119.0
PbrenPbren 100 Mg Tablet106.0
PegsrPegsr 150 Mg Tablet155.0
PevescaPevesca 75 Mg Capsule82.0
PrebetaPrebeta 75 Mg Tablet Sr97.0
PrebidPrebid 150 Mg Tablet121.0
PreegaPreega 150 Mg Tablet146.0
PregabinPregabin 150 Mg Capsule138.0
PregacentPregacent 150 Mg Tablet138.0
PregadocPregadoc 75 Mg Capsule115.0
PregalexPregalex 150 Mg Tablet160.0
PregaliftPregalift 50 Mg Tablet Er48.0
PreganervePreganerve 100 Mg Tablet99.0
Preganerve SrPreganerve Sr 75 Mg Tablet95.0
Pregastar PlusPregastar Plus 75 Mg Tablet Sr109.0
Pregeb FortePregeb Forte 75 Mg Tablet125.0
PreglobinPreglobin 150 Mg Capsule115.0
PregrafPregraf 75 Mg Capsule80.0
PrejunatePrejunate 150 Mg Capsule138.0
PrelicaPrelica 1 Gm Liquid93.0
PrelinPrelin 150 Mg Capsule134.0
PrezumPrezum 150 Mg Tablet141.0
PrynervePrynerve 75 Mg Tablet97.0
PyricaPyrica 75 Capsule115.0
PyropePyrope 50 Mg Capsule60.0
RecobalRecobal 150 Mg Capsule134.0
RegalinRegalin 75 Mg Capsule96.0
RepagabRepagab 50 Mg Tablet55.0
ResenzResenz 150 Mg Tablet129.0
RevlinRevlin 75 Mg Capsule99.0
TrugabaTrugaba 150 Mg Capsule139.0
ZenervZenerv 150 Mg Capsule142.0
ZylinZylin 75 Mg Capsule73.0
Maxnerve PgMaxnerve Pg Soft Gelatin Capsule165.0
Neuron MNeuron M Tablet95.0
NurogabNurogab 75 Mg Tablet99.0
PrebaxePrebaxe 75 Mg Capsule61.0
PregabelPregabel 75 Mg Capsule120.0
Pregabid MPregabid M 100 Mg Tablet116.0
PregabolinPregabolin 75 Mg Tablet75.0
PregalusPregalus 50 Mg Tablet55.0
PreglanPreglan 10 Mg Tablet11.0
ProgabProgab 75 Mg Tablet78.0
SaneuronSaneuron 75 Mg Tablet71.0
Saneuron MSaneuron M 75 Mg Capsule84.0
GabenGaben 75 Mg/750 Mcg Capsule93.5
Acenac NAcenac N 100 Mg/75 Mg Tablet152.0
Zerodol PgZerodol Pg 200 Mg/150 Mg Tablet Sr199.0
Amnurite PAmnurite P 10 Mg/75 Mg Tablet131.88
Maxgalip At TabletMaxgalip At Tablet147.5
NeugatripNeugatrip Tablet147.5
Balamin PgBalamin Pg 750 Mcg/75 Mg Capsule110.0
Coba PgCoba Pg Tablet127.92
DewfitDewfit Capsule85.67
Doloneuron PgDoloneuron Pg 75 Mg Capsule79.0
Fibrogesic SrFibrogesic Sr 75 Mg/1500 Mcg Tablet120.0
GabamaxGabamax 750 Mcg/75 Mg Capsule86.89
Gabavit PGabavit P Capsule95.36
Gabawin MGabawin M 500 Mcg/25 Mg Tablet53.0
Gabaz PlusGabaz Plus Tablet95.0
Hexagab Sr TabletHexagab Sr Tablet109.0
Hexagab TabletHexagab Tablet99.0
Igalin SrIgalin Sr 75 Mg/1500 Mcg Tablet105.0
Kopreg MKopreg M 75 Mg/0.75 Mg Capsule79.5
Maxgalin MMaxgalin M 0.75 Mg/75 Mg Capsule120.0
Meaxon PgMeaxon Pg Tablet85.62
Mecobil PMecobil P 75 Mg/1500 Mcg Capsule105.0
Meconuron PMeconuron P 75 Mg/0.75 Mg Capsule87.0
Mecosule PlusMecosule Plus Capsule125.0
MegabidMegabid 0.5 Mg/75 Mg Capsule94.6
MethynxtMethynxt 750 Mcg/75 Mg Capsule98.0
Metlin TabletMetlin Tablet88.57
MidlinMidlin 150 Tablet70.0
Mikob GMikob G Capsule94.0
NatalifeNatalife Od Tablet127.0
Nervilax MNervilax M 750 Mcg/75 Mg Tablet115.0
Nervimin ANervimin A Capsule84.18
NervmaxNervmax Capsule129.0
Neugaba MNeugaba M 150 Capsule114.5
Neugalin MNeugalin M Capsule111.5
Neurodin PgNeurodin Pg Capsule85.71
Novonerve PgNovonerve Pg 75 Mg/750 Mcg Tablet105.73
OsteonuronOsteonuron 750 Mcg/75 Mg Capsule115.0
Peblin MPeblin M 500 Mcg/75 Mg Tablet144.26
Prebeta MPrebeta M 750 Mg/75 Mg Tablet94.0
Prebid PlusPrebid Plus 1.5 Mg/75 Mg Tablet Sr192.9
PrecovinPrecovin 1500 Mcg/75 Mg Capsule85.6
Preega MPreega M 750 Mcg/150 Mg Capsule147.0
Pregaba MPregaba M 750 Mcg/150 Mg Capsule170.95
Pregaba PlusPregaba Plus 0.75 Mg/75 Mg Capsule115.0
Pregabid MePregabid Me 150 Capsule208.0
Pregalin MPregalin M 1500 Mcg/150 Mg Tablet189.75
Pregalin XPregalin X 1.5 Mg/75 Mg Tablet Sr163.5
PregametPregamet 1500 Mcg/75 Mg Tablet Sr135.0
PregasafePregasafe Tablet119.0
Pregastar MPregastar M 150 Tablet195.0
Pregatrip MPregatrip M Capsule102.86
Pregeb MPregeb M 150 Capsule190.0
Preglobin MPreglobin M Capsule85.0
Pregraf MPregraf M 750 Mg/75 Mg Capsule95.0
Prejunate PlusPrejunate Plus 0.75 Mg/150 Mg Capsule171.0
PrelogicPrelogic 750 Mcg/75 Mg Capsule135.0
Preneurolin PlusPreneurolin Plus 750 Mcg/75 Mg Capsule94.5
Prynerve MPrynerve M Tablet115.0
Pyrica MPyrica M 750 Mcg/75 Mg Capsule120.0
RegafixRegafix 75 Mg/750 Mcg Capsule100.56
Rejunate PlusRejunate Plus 0.5 Mg/300 Mg Tablet109.52
Rejunuron DnRejunuron Dn 1500 Mcg/75 Mg Tablet143.0
RejusiteRejusite 1500 Mcg/75 Mg Tablet121.22
RelnopaRelnopa 1500 Mcg/75 Mg Tablet Sr103.81
Revlin MRevlin M 1500 Mcg/150 Mg Tablet Sr181.5
TrikovitTrikovit Tablet76.2
Vibrania PVibrania P 0.75 Mg/75 Mg Capsule95.0
WegalinWegalin 750 Mcg/75 Mg Capsule99.5
Wegalin ForteWegalin Forte 750 Mcg/150 Mg Capsule179.0
Zeegab MZeegab M Tablet125.0
Zeegab TotalZeegab Total Tablet166.66
Algaba MAlgaba M Tablet105.0
Altranerv CapsuleAltranerv Capsule85.71
AnodineAnodine 50 Mg Tablet64.1
Axinerve PAxinerve P 1500 Mcg/75 Mg Tablet124.0
AxinerveAxinerve Tablet75.0
AxogurdAxogurd 1500 Mcg/75 Mg Tablet Sr131.0
Cmialgia MCmialgia M Capsule105.0
Complete B12 PlusComplete B12 Plus Tablet127.6
Dcg ForteDcg Forte Capsule138.0
Dioflam TabletDioflam Tablet38.0
Engaba MEngaba M 75 Mg/750 Mcg Tablet88.57
Freenerve PFreenerve P 75 Mg/0.75 Mg Tablet130.0
Gabafit MGabafit M Tablet128.07
Gabasafe PlusGabasafe Plus Sr 1500 Mcg/75 Mg Tablet107.16
Gablincad M PlusGablincad M Plus Tablet104.0
GavafitGavafit 750 Mcg/75 Mg Tablet150.0
Gb 29Gb 29 Capsule93.0
G NeuroG Neuro 75 Mg/750 Mcg Capsule104.65
GrandlinGrandlin 750 Mcg/75 Mg Capsule89.0
HygablinHygablin 750 Mcg/75 Mg Capsule123.0
Jublin MJublin M 750 Mcg/75 Mg Capsule140.0
Kopreg PlusKopreg Plus Capsule99.76
Macraberin PMacraberin P Tablet108.3
Mahagaba MMahagaba M Capsule110.0
Mecobion PMecobion P 750 Mcg/150 Mg Tablet86.62
Mecoblend PMecoblend P Tablet91.93
Mecofort PgMecofort Pg Capsule122.0
Mecorik PgMecorik Pg Capsule100.0
MeprMepr 750 Mg/75 Mg Capsule80.0
MepregMepreg Capsule105.0
MethypregMethypreg Tablet90.85
Met Neurobion PMet Neurobion P Capsule102.1
Mine PgMine Pg Capsule100.0
Miol PMiol P 750 Mcg/75 Mcg Capsule139.0
Mnc Plus CapsuleMnc Plus Capsule110.0
Mobyle PMobyle P Capsule89.9
MygabMygab Capsule99.0
Mymi PlusMymi Plus Tablet102.86
Nervecap PNervecap P Tablet105.0
NervedolNervedol Tablet95.0
NervgloNervglo 75 Mg/750 Mcg Capsule129.0
Nervisun PNervisun P Capsule90.47
Nervo PlusNervo Plus Tablet75.0
NervshineNervshine Sr 75 Mg Tablet99.0
Neugabid PlusNeugabid Plus Tablet120.0
Neurocobal GNeurocobal G Capsule52.86
Neurokem MNeurokem M Capsule111.0
Neuropath MNeuropath M Capsule95.0
Nova M CapsuleNova M 750 Mcg/75 Mg Capsule112.5
Nuramed MNuramed M Capsule84.0
Nuroday PNuroday P 1500 Mcg/75 Mg Tablet110.5
Nurovita PNurovita P 750 Mcg/75 Mg Capsule81.0
Pbren MPbren M 750 Mcg/75 Mg Capsule108.0
Peg Sr M 75Peg Sr M 75 Tablet112.0
Pegsr MPegsr M 1500 Mcg/75 Mg Tablet112.0
Pregaba FortePregaba Forte 750 Mcg/75 Mcg Capsule149.0
PregabanylPregabanyl Capsule130.0
Pregabid M OdPregabid M Od 1500 Mcg/100 Mg Tablet116.0
Pregacent MPregacent M 75 Mg/750 Mcg Tablet99.5
Pregacip MPregacip M 750 Mcg/75 Mg Capsule114.5
Pregalin FortePregalin Forte Capsule125.0
Preganerve MPreganerve M Tablet96.0
PreganexPreganex Capsule144.75
PregapilPregapil 500 Mcg/75 Mg Capsule435.56
Pregapil MPregapil M 750 Mcg/75 Mcg Capsule48.56
Pregason MPregason M 75 Mg/750 Mcg Capsule54.8
Prelin MPrelin M 750 Mcg/75 Mg Capsule192.0
PremetPremet Capsule120.0
Premylin MPremylin M 750 Mcg/75 Mg Tablet109.0
Pre RenerPre Rener 750 Mcg/75 Mg Tablet100.0
Prezum MPrezum M 150 Mg/1500 Mcg Tablet163.0
Progab MProgab M Tablet85.0
Prynerve PlusPrynerve Plus 750 Mcg/75 Mg Capsule109.0
Ranprega MRanprega M Capsule35.56
Recobal MRecobal M Capsule89.5
Rejunuron PlRejunuron Pl Capsule143.0
Renerve PRenerve P 750 Mcg/75 Mg Capsule132.4
Repagab MRepagab M 1500 Mcg/75 Mg Tablet131.0
RicodinRicodin M 750 Mcg/75 Mg Tablet89.3
SubalginSubalgin 75 Mg/750 Mcg Tablet94.28
Trugaba MTrugaba M 750 Mcg/75 Mg Tablet89.9
Vitcobin PVitcobin P 500 Mcg/75 Mg Tablet Sr99.0
Zenerv MZenerv M 750 Mcg/75 Mg Capsule106.48
ZengalinZengalin 750 Mcg/75 Mg Capsule120.0
Zevanuron CapsuleZevanuron Capsule126.4
Zylin MZylin M M 750 Mcg/75 Mg Capsule116.5
Epalrica MpEpalrica Mp Tablet186.9
Gabawin NtGabawin Nt 50 Mg/10 Mg Tablet86.58
Hexagab NtHexagab Nt 75 Mg/10 Mg Tablet130.0
Megabid NtMegabid Nt 75 Mg/10 Mg Tablet120.0
Nersave NtNersave Nt 75 Mg/10 Mg Tablet142.17
Nervilax NtNervilax Nt 75 Mg/10 Mg Tablet125.0
NortipanNortipan 75 Mg/10 Mg Tablet150.0
Pbren NtPbren Nt 75 Mg/10 Mg Tablet180.0
Peblin NtPeblin Nt 75 Mg/10 Mg Tablet169.9
Pregaba NtPregaba Nt 75 Mg/10 Mg Tablet125.0
Pregabid NtPregabid Nt 50 Tablet90.0
Pregalift NtPregalift Nt 75 Mg/10 Mg Tablet120.0
Pyrope NtPyrope Nt 75 Mg/10 Mg Tablet120.0
Gabacure NtGabacure Nt 75 Mg/10 Mg Tablet120.0
NerviteNervite 75 Mg/10 Mg Tablet150.0
Neurica NtNeurica Nt Tablet120.0
Neurokem NtNeurokem Nt 50 Mg Tablet80.0
PicrowinPicrowin 75 Mg/10 Mg Tablet145.0
Pregadoc NtPregadoc Nt 75 Mg/10 Mg Tablet145.0
Preganza NtPreganza Nt Tablet120.0
Prenura NtPrenura Nt Tablet129.0
Zylin NtZylin Nt 75 Mg/10 Mg Tablet125.0
Insulate NpInsulate Np Tablet200.0
MaxmalaMaxmala 50 Mg/750 Mcg/100 Mg Capsule101.0
Nervup PgNervup Pg Capsule160.7
NeuropillNeuropill 100 Tablet115.7
OnerveOnerve Capsule195.0
Orthoneuron PlusOrthoneuron Plus Tablet95.18
Prelica PlusPrelica Plus Capsule108.0
Nova PlusNova Plus 75 Mg/750 Mcg/150 Mg Capsule97.5
Maxnuron PgMaxnuron Pg Tablet310.0
Nervijen NpNervijen Np Tablet129.0
DubinorDubinor Tablet130.0
Nortipan MNortipan M 1500 Mcg/10 Mg/75 Mg Tablet170.0

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