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What is Tourette syndrome?

Tourette syndrome is a condition of the nervous system which results in the individual making sudden and involuntary movements or sounds. These sudden sounds or movements are called tics, and the syndrome may range from mild to severe.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The two major symptoms of Tourette syndrome are motor tics and verbal tics.

Motor tics refer to the involuntary and sudden movements. Motor tics include:

  • eye blinking
  • facial grimacing
  • sudden jaw movements
  • jerking the head
  • jumping
  • shoulder shrugging
  • sudden opening of the mouth
  • arm jerking

Verbal tics refer to the involuntary sounds made by the individual. These sounds may not necessarily make sense and most of the times seem to have no context. Verbal tics include:

  • sniffing
  • hooting
  • shouting
  • grunting

In some cases, a verbal tic may include uttering a swear word or some other socially unacceptable term. However, this is rare.

It is also important to note that Tourette syndrome may occur along with problems such as:

What are the main causes?

The exact cause of Tourette syndrome is not known, although most medical researches link this syndrome to structural differences in the regions of the brain and genetics. Individuals with a positive family history are at a higher risk of inheriting this syndrome.

This syndrome tends to have a higher occurrence in males, and hence gender can be considered a risk factor.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

To be diagnosed with Tourette syndrome, the following conditions should be met:

  • The individual should have at least two motor tics and one verbal tic.
  • The individual should have been experiencing these tics for at least a year.
  • The appearance of tics should have begun before the age of 18 years.
  • The symptoms must not be caused by external factors such as medications or drugs.

The treatment for Tourette syndrome is limited.

Nevertheless, the occurrence of symptoms does not interfere with a person’s ability to carry out daily life activities in most cases. Hence, individuals are able to manage very well with proper support and guidance.

In some cases, medications may be prescribed to control the symptoms of other related disorders. Therapy and counselling as well as educating individuals and family members about Tourette syndrome can help greatly.

  1. Medicines for Tourette Syndrome
  2. Doctors for Tourette Syndrome
Dr. Saurabh Mehrotra

Dr. Saurabh Mehrotra

मनोचिकित्सा

Dr. Om Prakash L

Dr. Om Prakash L

मनोचिकित्सा

Dr. Anil Kumar

Dr. Anil Kumar

मनोचिकित्सा

Medicines for Tourette Syndrome

Medicines listed below are available for Tourette Syndrome. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Arip MtArip Mt 10 Mg Tablet138
Hexidol PlusHexidol Plus 5 Mg/2 Mg Tablet12
Mindol PlusMindol Plus 5 Mg/20 Mg Tablet16
Talendol PlusTalendol Plus Tablet13
ArifineARIFINE 10MG TABLET 10S68
AriphrenzAriphrenz 10 Mg Tablet84
AripicadAripicad 10 Mg Tablet52
ArpitArpit 10 Mg Tablet60
ArpizolArpizol 10 Mg Tablet82
ArzuArzu 10 Mg Tablet94
AspritoAsprito 10 Mg Tablet96
NuletNULET 2.5MG TABLET 10S43
RizotalRizotal 10 Mg Tablet75
ApizApiz 10 Mg Tablet42
Apz(D.D Pharma)Apz 10 Mg Tablet56
ArerepArerep 10 Mg Tablet49
AriaAria 10 Mg Tablet46
AridusAridus 10 Mg Tablet52
ArifrilArifril 10 Mg Tablet0
ArijoyArijoy 10 Mg Tablet88
ArimeltArimelt 15 Mg Tablet57
AripArip 5 Mg Tablet37
AripraAripra 10 Mg Tablet45
Aripra MtAripra Mt 10 Mg Tablet48
ArzaArza 10 Mg Tablet44

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

References

  1. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Tourette Syndrome.
  2. Center for Disease Control and Prevention [internet], Atlanta (GA): US Department of Health and Human Services; Tourette Syndrome Treatments.
  3. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke [internet]. US Department of Health and Human Services; Tourette Syndrome Fact Sheet.
  4. Center for Disease Control and Prevention [internet], Atlanta (GA): US Department of Health and Human Services; What is Tourette Syndrome?.
  5. National Institutes of Health; [Internet]. U.S. National Library of Medicine. Study of Tics in Patients With Tourette's Syndrome and Chronic Motor Tic Disorder.
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