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What are Genital Warts?

Genital warts are a very common sexually transmitted infection caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). It is characterized by pain, discomfort, and itching among other symptoms. There can be either one wart or clusters of them near the genital region in both men and women. Women are at higher risk of contracting the disease than men.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Genital warts grow in different forms. The most common signs of genital warts are:

  • Small, scattered bumps (skin-coloured or darker).
  • A cluster of bumps in the genital area.
  • Itching or discomfort in the groin area.
  • Bleeding during intercourse followed by pain.

Genital warts appear on following areas:

In women:

  • Inside the vagina.
  • On the vulva, cervix, or groin.

In men:

  • On the penis.
  • On the scrotum, thigh, or groin.

In both genders

  • In or around the anus.
  • On the lips, mouth, tongue, or throat.

What are the main causes?

The main cause of genital warts is an infection with HPV. Genital warts spread from HPV infected person to a healthy person through:

  • Sexual intercourse (vaginal, oral, anal)- The risk of getting infected with HPV increases with becoming sexually active at a very young age or having unprotected intercourse with multiple partners or with someone whose sexual history is not known.
  • Childbirth (from an infected mother to the infant).

How is it diagnosed and treated?

A dermatologist diagnoses the wart partly by physical examination which is confirmed by sending a wart or part of it to a laboratory for examination under a microscope.

Below are the medicines which may be prescribed by a dermatologist:

  • Podophyllotoxin (to stop the growth of wart cells).
  • Imiquimod (to boost the body’s immune system to fight HPV).

Sometimes procedures are performed which include:

  • Cryosurgery (liquid nitrogen) freezes warts.
  • Excision or surgical removal.
  • Electrocautery (electric current) destroys warts.
  • Laser treatment (Laser light) destroys warts.

The most important reason to treat genital warts is that HPV infection is the leading cause of cervical and vaginal cancer. Vaccination against the HPV can help diminish the risk of warts as well as the cancers.

  1. Medicines for Genital Warts
  2. Doctors for Genital Warts
Dr. Neha Gupta

Dr. Neha Gupta

संक्रामक रोग

Dr. Jogya Bori

Dr. Jogya Bori

संक्रामक रोग

Dr. Lalit Shishara

Dr. Lalit Shishara

संक्रामक रोग

Medicines for Genital Warts

Medicines listed below are available for Genital Warts. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
CervarixCERVARIX VACCINE1924
SBL Arnica Montana Hair Oil Arnica Montana Hair Oil56
Arnica Montana Herbal ShampooArnica Montana Herbal Shampoo With Conditioner72
ADEL 33 Apo-Oedem DropADEL 33 Apo-Oedem Drop200
ADEL 40 And ADEL 86 KitAdel 40 And Adel 86 Kit 499
ADEL 40 Verintex DropADEL 40 Verintex Drop200
Bjain Thuja occidentalis LMBjain Thuja occidentalis 0/1 LM39
ADEL 56 Habifac DropADEL 56 Habifac Drop200
ADEL 86 Verintex N External DropADEL 86 Verintex N External Drop200
Mama Natura MunostimSchwabe Munostim Globules88
ADEL Thuja Mother Tincture QADEL Thuja Mother Tincture Q 184
SBL Thuja occidentalis Mother Tincture QSBL Thuja occidentalis Mother Tincture Q 98
PodowartPodowart Paint147
Schwabe Topi Thuja CreamSchwabe Topi Thuja Cream 52
Omeo Acne Care CreamOmeo Acne Care Cream 55
SBL Thuja occidentalis DilutionSBL Thuja occidentalis Dilution 1000 CH86
Omeo Thuja OintmentOmeo Thuja Ointment 47
Schwabe Thuja occidentalis LMSchwabe Thuja occidentalis 0/1 LM80
Bjain Thuja occidentalis Mother Tincture QBjain Thuja occidentalis Mother Tincture Q 239
Bjain Thuja occidentalis DilutionBjain Thuja occidentalis Dilution 1000 CH63

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

References

  1. National Health Service [Internet]. UK; Genital warts.
  2. Office on women's health [internet]: US Department of Health and Human Services; Genital warts.
  3. American Academy of Dermatology. Rosemont (IL), US; Genital Warts: Overview.
  4. Valerie R. Yanofsky et al. Genital Warts A Comprehensive Review. J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2012 Jun; 5(6): 25–36. PMID: 22768354
  5. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Genital warts.
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