myUpchar प्लस+ के साथ पूरेे परिवार के हेल्थ खर्च पर भारी बचत

Splinters may be tiny pieces of wood or broken objects (glass or plastic) but they can be surprisingly painful to remove, especially if they get deep into your skin. Even if they don’t hurt as much, your body takes splinters as foreign substances and reacts to their presence, leading to swelling and redness in the affected area. Besides that, there is always a risk of infection associated with an open wound caused due to a splinter.
So, it is important to pull out a splinter at the earliest.
Usually, splinters are superficial and horizontal. These splinters are visible on the skin and are quite easy to remove. Though smaller splinters tend to go deep within the skin and are much more difficult to detect and pull out. 

If you too got yourself injured from a wooden piece of furniture or that broken glass window you were meant to change last week, read on to find out the right way for splinter removal to reduce pain and prevent infections.

  1. Detection of splinter
  2. Steps to remove the splinter
  3. Other techniques to remove splinter
  4. What to do after removing the splinter
  5. When to see the doctor

Splinters usually get inside your skin due to some injury or major friction and are hence easily noticed. But, in a few cases, splinters get into your skin without you knowing about it. This generally happens when you are not attentive or when the injury or pain is not much noticeable. A splinter may also be visible due to its colour or size. This just makes the detection of a splinter really difficult.
So the question arises: how to get to know if there is a splinter inside your skin?

  • For starters, you’ll feel cutting and poking pain in the affected area. But if the pain is not as noticeable a splinter can be identified from the various reactions it elicits in your body if they are stuck for some time. These reactions can ensure the presence of a splinter. A splinter near the surface of the skin can be easily identified as brown coloured dots or slivers.
  • If a slither is stuck inside your skin, you can feel its presence. The sensation might be too weak for you to notice but if you touch the affected are you would certainly feel the prick of the splinter.  
  • Deeper splinters are most commonly associated with the appearance of inflammation around the affected area. Inflammation is your body’s reaction to the presence of an unfamiliar object. It manifests in the form of redness and swelling. Depending on the size of the splinter it may affect a small area or could be noticeably big.

Once you identify them, superficial splinters can be easily removed with a pair of tweezers and needle. Though there are some important things to be taken into consideration to prevent infection. Mentioned below is a safe and effective way to remove a splinter at home:

  • The first and most important step before removing the splinter from the skin is washing and sanitising your hands properly. Also, wash the affected area with soap and pat it dry gently. Do not rub too hard as it may just worsen the pain or push the splinter deeper into the skin.
  • Along with your hands, it is also important to sterilize the tweezer and needle. For that, you just need to boil them for a few minutes and then pour some antiseptic solution on both the things. This double sterilization ensures that there are no bacteria left on either of the instruments so there is no virtually no chance that of getting an infection.  Inspect the splinter properly to assess its shape and size. You may need a magnifying lens if the splinter is too small. Check the direction through which the splinter entered the skin.
  • If a part the splinter is near the surface of the skin, use a tweezer to gently pull it out in the same direction and angle it entered the skin. Don’t press the splinter too hard. This will prevent the splinter from breaking, leaving an even smaller piece inside your skin.
  • In case the splinter is under the skin and none of its ends has any connection with the upper layer of skin, use a needle to take the splinter out. Carefully pierce and scrape your skin, making an opening for the splinter to come out. You can take help of your family member or friend for this. After making the opening, push one end of the splinter out with the needle itself. Once an end of the splinter is on the surface, you can use a tweezer and gently pull it out.

Removing splinters from nails

  • Splinter in nails could be really troublesome to get rid of and usually need another level of expertise. It is best to take help of a doctor to get rid of such splinters though you may get it out yourself with the following way:
  • Once you wash and sterilise your hands and tweezers, cut a V-shaped part of the nail to get access to the affected area using a blade
  • Make sure to sterilize the blade before using
  • You need to cut a small portion of the nail only. Do not cut any big part as it will cause more pain and create an open wound, increasing the risk of infection

After this, look for the splinter and using a tweezer and needle take it out carefully.

If tweezers and needles look a bit scary to you, you can still get a splinter out of your skin with ease. All you need is the presence of mind and some easily available ingredients.

  1. Using Epsom Salt
  2. Baking soda
  3. Hydrogen peroxide
  4. Packaging Tape
  5. Essential oils

Using Epsom Salt

Epsom salt is yet another time tested remedy for removing splinters. Apart from softening the splinter and helping pull it out, it also helps reduce inflammation. Isn’t that a double treat?  You just need some Epsom Salt and water for this technique.

  • Take a cup of Epsom Salt and dissolve it a tub of water
  • Soak your affected part for some time to pull out the splinter towards the surface
  • Remove it by just simply pulling it out with a tweezer

Baking soda

Baking soda is probably the most well-known technique for splinter removal. It helps to pull the splinter up to the surface so you can easily pull it out with tweezers. Just follow these steps: 

  • Make a paste out of water and baking soda
  • Apply this paste on the skin above the splinter
  • Cover it with a bandaid properly
  • Do not disturb this bandaid and paste for 24 hours
  • Avoid any disturbance to the bandaid, especially water
  • After 24 hours, remove the bandaid
  • You will be able to see the splinter on near the surface of the skin.
  • Pull it out using a tweezer.

In case, the splinter is not yet visible, then reapply the paste and leave for 24 hours again.

Hydrogen peroxide

Hydrogen peroxide is said to help in removing splinters by pulling it to the skin surface. Though there is no evidence for its efficacy. proving it, it is believed that it makes the affected skin to soften and swell, making it easier for you to see the splinter. You can try using hydrogen peroxide in the following way:

  • Take a small amount of hydrogen peroxide in a tub
  • Soak the affected part in it
  • Slowly u will find your skin wrinkling and contracting
  • Along with this wrinkling, you may find an end of splinter coming out

Using a tweezer, pull out the splinter gradually

Packaging Tape

You must be wondering how can a packaging tape help you in getting rid of a splinter. Well, packaging tape has adhesives, which can help in pulling out the splinter towards the surface. You just need to follow these simple steps using a tape with good adhesive to get rid of the splinter:

  • Cut a small piece of tape and stick it on the affected area
  • Do not press hard while sticking. Pull off the tape in the opposite direction the splinter entered the skin
  • You may find the splinter pulled out yet attached to your skin. If not try again 

Essential oils

If you are concerned about the side effects of hydrogen peroxide and baking soda, you can just use essential oil to remove splinters. Apart from pulling the splinter to the skin surface, essential oils also help reduce inflammation and pain and prevent infection in the affected area. Lavender oil is a particularly good option for this. Not only is it one of the easily available oils but also it has a pleasant smell that you may just fall in love with. Just Follow these steps to get rid of splinter using lavender oil.

  • Clean your hand and affected area properly with an antiseptic soap and water
  • Apply lavender oil topically on the affected area. Just a few drops will be enough
  • Cover it with a band-aid
  • After some time, open the band-aid
  • You may find the splinter popping through the skin
  • Using the tweezer, pull out the splinter
  • Go for further first aid.

Important note:
Not all essential oils can be applied directly to the skin. It is important that you read the label carefully to know if the said oil is safe for direct topical application. For extra safety, always dilute essential oils before applying them to your skin. Just mix a few drops of the oil in a suitable carrier oil and you are good to go. 

Once the splinter is out, look for any broken part that may still be left inside. Use a magnifying glass for this. If you do not find any more splinter or any broken part of it then you need to wash and cover it properly to prevent the risk of infection. It will also ensure quick healing of the wound. Here are a few pointers you need to take care of:

  • Wash the affected area properly with an antiseptic solution and pat it dry after you remove the splinter.
  • Do not apply any ointment on it, instead, cover it with a bandaid
  • Do not keep on touching the affected area with unwashed hands until it heals. Your hands carry a lot of germs which may be transferred to the wound with constant poking. Let mother nature do its job and heal your body.
  • Change the bandaid regularly, and also clean the affected area with cotton before applying bandaids.

​If required, take an injection for tetanus

Splinters usually come out easily and don't cause much harm. But in some cases, you need to consult a doctor. Call a doctor if you are having any of the following issues:

  • If the splinter is too deep such that it is embedded near important nerves or blood vessels.
  • In case you are unable to pull out the splinter with any remedy. If you removed the splinter but pain continues to become worse. This can be because of many reasons like another splinter or an injury or infection
  • If inflammation and redness keep on worsening even after you remove the splinter, this can be a sign of an infection and may need immediate medical supervision.
  • In case the splinter is inside or around sensitive tissues like eyes
और पढ़ें ...