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Cow is an animal sacred to the Hindus. Since farming and cattle breeding were the main sources of income in ancient India, cows are being worshipped here from ancient times. Besides having great financial value and a source of milk, cows were used for their urine.

Why cow urine you may ask?  

You would be amazed to know that the urine and dung of cows have great medicinal value. In fact, the mixture of cow milk along with its urine, ghee, curd, and dung from the cow forms Panchagavya, which is revered for its medicinal properties in Ayurveda. According to the Sanskrit text Sushruta Samhita, amongst all the products derived from a cow, cow’ s urine is considered to be the most effective healer.

Ayurveda regards gomutra as Amrita or the water of life. Folk medicine practitioners in Nigeria and Myanmar also use gomutra in their medicines.

Research suggests that cow urine is rich in antioxidants and various other immunity-boosting substances. When taken as a formulation with other herbs, it helps in the management of various incurable diseases like diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and AIDS.  

Gomutra has a wide range of applications besides its uses for its medicinal properties. It is widely used in organic farming as manure. When combined with neem leaves it also works as an excellent biopesticide. Gomutra enhances the antimicrobial activities of conventional cleansing solutions and hence is also used as a cleansing agent, specifically to wipe floors. It is believed that wiping the floor with cow’s urine purifies a space by removing all the bacteria. It is also used in cosmetics, especially in shampoos and soaps.

  1. Cow urine nutrition facts
  2. Cow urine health benefits
  3. Cow urine side effects
  4. Takeaway

According to a research, gomutra is considered to be non-toxic. It contains 95% water, 2.5% urea and the remaining 2.5% is made up of different salts, minerals, enzymes, and other useful hormones. Some of the important minerals and enzymes present in gomutra include creatinine, aurum hydroxide, carbolic acid, phenols, calcium, and manganese.

Nutrients Value, in percentage
Water 95%
Urea 2.5%
Other enzymes and compounds 2.5%

The nutrient-rich gomutra can be used in the treatment of many diseases. According to Ayurveda, gomutra, on its own or in combination with cow’s milk or Triphala, can be used for ailments such as fever, colic, anemia, leprosy, cancer, and epilepsy.

  • For cancer: The antioxidant potential of cow urine makes it an effective cure for cancer, which can be attributed to its ability to reduce DNA damage.
  • For intestinal worms: Cow urine is traditionally used for the treatment of intestinal worms and this has been verified with the help of clinical studies.
  • As a bio-enhancer: Cow urine is often used to improve the bioavailability of other drugs it is administered with.
  • Immunity: Cow urine is excellent for your immune system as it helps in improving both humoral and cell-mediated immunity due to an increase in the number of WBCs.
  • For the skin: Rich antioxidant status of cow urine makes it an anti-ageing agent for your skin, which implies that it helps to reduce the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines. Since cow urine helps to slow down ageing due to its effects, it is also called as life-giving liquid.
  • For digestion: Cow urine assists the process of digestion and is thus useful in relieving constipation. It also prevents haemorrhoids and any complications due to them.
  • Others: Cow urine can facilitate the prevention of infections, anaemia, epilepsy and even helps in improving the functioning of the liver.
  1. Cow urine for cancer patients
  2. Cow urine for wound healing
  3. Cow urine for intestinal worms
  4. Cow urine as bio-enhancer
  5. Cow urine for immune system
  6. Cow urine for diabetes
  7. Cow urine anti-ageing benefits
  8. Cow urine benefits for skin
  9. Cow urine for haemorrhoids
  10. Other benefits of Cow urine

Cow urine for cancer patients

The antioxidant property of Gomutra and its ability to repair DNAs make it effective in the management of cancer. In a preclinical study, cow urine administration was found to be useful in reducing the risk of tumours. Regular usage of gomutra also decreased the severity of  tumours.

Further research shows that a unique kind of treatment called cowpathy or panchgavya pathy is highly effective against cancer symptoms.

Cow urine for wound healing

In vivo (animal-based) studies demonstrate that topical application of cow’s urine has potent wound healing properties. This is because of the presence of allantoin in it which improves the process of wound healing. It also increases the levels of antibodies that make sure that your wounds don't get infected.

Cow urine for intestinal worms

Traditionally, cow urine is used for the treatment of intestinal worms.  To confirm this effect, Panchgavya, the medicinal product consisting of milk, curd, ghee, dung and urine from the cow was tested on Indian earthworms. As earthworms are anatomically and physiologically similar to intestinal roundworms, this study helped in understanding the anthelmintic properties of Panchgavya. It showed that monitored dosage of Panchagavya as compared to other drugs was very effective in causing paralysis and death of earthworms in a dose-dependent manner.

The study concluded that the anthelmintic properties of gomutra can be used in treatments of colic and other parasitic reactions.

Cow urine as bio-enhancer

Gomutra is known as a bioenhancer in ayurvedic medicine. This means that cow urine, when administered along with other drugs increases their bioavailability. Several ayurvedic medicines use this bio enhancing property of gomutra. But it is especially used along with drugs that needed to be given in low doses to avoid their side effects. This concept is known as Yogvahi in ayurveda.

When combined with different constituents, cow urine is used for the treatment of psychiatric disorders. Research indicates that cow’s urine helps in transporting drugs across the cell membranes (outer protective layer of body cells), making them more easily available to the body. According to ayurveda, gomutra contains the ‘Rasayana’ tatva, which acts as a bioenhancer.

Cow urine for immune system

Ancient vaidyas believed that gomutra enhances our body’s resistive power by up to 104%. In a research conducted on animal models, it was found that cow’s urine increased both cell-mediated and humoral immunity. The study also indicated that the consumption of cow urine leads to an increase in white blood cells count and the total immune response within a month. It has been suggested that the “Rasayana” tatva present in gomutra is responsible for the strengthening of the immune system.

(Read more: Immunity boosting foods)

Cow urine for diabetes

Research evidence indicates that cowpathy or panchagavya pathy is highly effective in the treatment of diabetes. The effect of gomutra on diabetes was studied on diabetic animal models. The study concluded that the consumption of gomutra reduces blood glucose levels significantly and no side effects were found in spite of increasing the dose. 

In another study, the anti-diabetic effects of cow urine were compared to that of a traditional polyherbal formulation composed of cow urine and some ayurvedic herbs, to be used for alleviating diabetes symptoms. As per the findings of this study, cow urine alone is more effective than the formulation.

However, diabetic people are recommended to talk to their doctor before taking cow urine in any form.

Cow urine anti-ageing benefits

Certain healthy micronutrients in our body are washed out along with the waste through urine on a regular basis. This results in the ageing of our body. Gomutra consumption refills the body with these lost elements making up for their deficiency. It thus slows down the ageing process and hence is also referred to as the elixir and life-giving.

Furthermore, as a source of antioxidants, cow urine helps in scavenging the free radicals from your body, making sure that your tissues do not suffer from oxidative stress. So take in your cow urine supplements and say goodbye to premature ageing signs.

Cow urine benefits for skin

Cow urine is traditionally used for the treatment of various skin diseases including vitiligo and fungal infections of the skin. It is also believed to keep off acne. Though cow urine has been demonstrated to possess antifungal activity against Candida species, and some level of antibacterial effects, lack of strong evidence makes it difficult to confirm this effect.

It is an excellent wound healing agent and reduces the risk of bacterial infections in such wounds through its antibacterial and immunomodulatory effect.

Being a source of natural antioxidants, it may be helpful in reducing signs of premature ageing, including dark spots, wrinkles and loose skin.

Cow urine for haemorrhoids

Haemorrhoids or piles is a condition marked by inflammation and pain in and around the anal area. Apart from causing immense discomfort, it also causes bleeding from the swollen haemorrhoids tissues. Traditionally, cow urine is given in a polyherbal formulation to relieve piles symptoms and reduce bleeding and pain.

Extensive research has been done to find the exact cause and a natural treatment for haemorrhoids. Constipation is considered one of the factors responsible for piles. According to a study published in the International Journal of Pharmaceutical Science Invention, cow urine has a soothing effect on the intestines. Also known as mala-bhedana in ayurveda, it facilitates the easy elimination of stools from your gut thus relieving the excessive pressure on the anal walls.

A monitored oral intake of cow urine prevents painful and strenuous complications of both Grade 1 and 2 haemorrhoids.

Other benefits of Cow urine

  • Ayurvedic scriptures such as Sushruta Samhita, Ashtanga Sangrah and Bhav Prakash Nighantu highlight the uses of cows urine by itself or in combination with other natural mixtures or components can treat infections effectively. Being an antibacterial agent gomutra is considered to be effective in the treatment of tuberculosis. Since the development of drug-resistant pathogens have made a lot of conventional therapies useless, cow urine as a natural product may be an effective alternative to such antibiotics.
  • Ayurveda mentions the use of cow urine for anaemia treatment. The most common cause of anaemia in India is lack of enough iron-rich supplements in our daily diet. It is believed that the presence of erythropoietin in cow urine makes it an effective remedy for anaemia by increasing the number of RBCs and haemoglobin. Furthermore, cow urine also contains urea, which helps maintain RBC structure, ensuring optimum function. 
  • Gomutra was shown to have antioxidant properties that could help in the smooth functioning of the liver. Hence consumption of cow urine distillate is encouraged for a healthy liver.
  • Studies indicate that Panchagavya, which has cow urine as one of its components, has significant anticonvulsant properties and hence it may be used for the management of epilepsy. Though cow urine, by itself wasn't found to be potent enough to prevent epilepsy completely.

Though gomutra is a natural remedy against many diseases, inappropriate storage, incorrect combinations or incorrect usage can lead to health hazards.

  • Cow urine can contain pathogens if the cow is infected.
  • It is not advisable to store raw gomutra for more than an hour.
  • Children below 10 years of age are also not advised to consume gomutra
  • Men who are facing fertility issues or lack of sleep should also avoid cow urine.
  • In one study, a person was administered cow urine in his eye without seeking medical advice and he suffered from eye pain and blurred vision for two days.

Gomutra comes with a variety of health benefits. It has several wonderful properties which makes it the perfect remedy for managing diabetes, healing wounds, and strengthening the immune system. It also acts as a bioenhancer to increase the efficiency of various antibiotics and drugs. However, cow urine should always be bought from trusted sources since it may carry infectious microbes from a sick cow. If you are on some kind of prescribed medication or suffering from some disease, it is better to refer a doctor before using it. A lot of research is still going on to make the best of this ayurvedic remedy.

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References

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  2. Gurpreet Kaur Randhawa, Rajiv Sharma. Chemotherapeutic potential of cow urine: A review. J Intercult Ethnopharmacol. 2015 Apr-Jun; 4(2): 180–186. PMID: 26401404
  3. Devender O. Sachdev, Devesh D. Gosavi, Kartik J. Salwe. Evaluation of antidiabetic, antioxidant effect and safety profile of gomutra ark in Wistar albino rats. Anc Sci Life. 2012 Jan-Mar; 31(3): 84–89. PMID: 23284212
  4. Sonia Singla, Satwinder Kaur. BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF COW URINE: AN AYURVEDIC ELIXIR. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH.
  5. Dr. Omaprakash W.Talokar, Dr.Archana R. Belge, Dr.Raman S. Belge. Clinical Evaluation of Cow-Urine Extract special reference to Arsha (Hemorrhoids). International Journal of Pharmaceutical Science Invention, Volume 2 Issue 3 ‖ March 2013 ‖ PP.05-08
  6. Javid Ahmad Ganaie, Varsha Gautam, Vinoy Kumar Shrivastava. Effects of Kamdhenu Ark and Active Immunization by Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone Conjugate (GnRH-BSA) on Gonadosomatic Indices (GSI) and Sperm Parameters in Male Mus musculus. J Reprod Infertil. 2011 Jan-Mar; 12(1): 3–7. PMID: 23926493
  7. Sumeet Khanduja, Prachi Jain, Sumit Sachdeva, Jitender Phogat. Cow Urine Keratopathy: A Case Report. J Clin Diagn Res. 2017 Apr; 11(4): ND03–ND04. PMID: 28571179
  8. Jian Meng Hoh and B. Dhanashree. Antifungal effect of cow's urine distillate on Candida species. J Ayurveda Integr Med. 2017 Oct-Dec; 8(4): 233–237. PMID: 28869083
  9. Madhav University [internet]. Rajasthan. India. Cow Urine: A Divine Medicine