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What are Muscle Cramps?

Muscle cramps are sudden, uncontrollable, and painful contractions in one or several body muscles. These contractions do not relax easily and commonly occur after exercise. Leg muscle cramps are one of the most common types of cramps. Other than this, muscle cramps are also experienced in the feet, hands, arms, abdomen, and thighs. Individuals more prone to muscle cramps include the elderly, obese persons, athletes, pregnant women, and those with medical conditions, such as nerve and thyroid disorders.

What are its main associated signs and symptoms?

The symptoms vary depending upon the intensity of cramps, for example, it can be a slight tick or an agonising pain. Cramps may appear as a twitch beneath the skin and feel hard to pinpoint. They generally last for a few seconds but may extend for several minutes. They may recur many times before disappearing completely. Muscle cramps might be associated with sweating, local wound or other signs.

What are its main causes?

Sometimes the cause behind muscle cramps may remain unidentified. However, the following are the common and known causes of muscle cramps:

How is it diagnosed and treated?

The diagnosis is made to determine the underlying condition causing cramps. It generally involves:

  • Physical examination
  • Muscle biopsy
  • Electromyogram
  • Nerve conduction studies
  • Creatinine kinase blood test

Usually, muscle cramps require no specific treatment and may be relieved by

  • Massaging or stretching the muscle
  • Increasing the intake of fluids and replenishing the salts, if you feel dehydrated

Applying heat on tightened muscles and an ice pack on sore muscles

Your doctor may prescribe certain medications in case there are some underlying conditions causing the cramps. You can prevent a muscle cramp by stretching muscles and drinking plenty of fluids.

  1. Medicines for Muscle Cramps
  2. Doctors for Muscle Cramps
Dr. Vivek Dahiya

Dr. Vivek Dahiya


Dr. Vipin Chand Tyagi

Dr. Vipin Chand Tyagi


Dr. Vineesh Mathur

Dr. Vineesh Mathur


Medicines for Muscle Cramps

Medicines listed below are available for Muscle Cramps. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Zerodol MRZerodol Mr 100 Mg/2 Mg Tablet Mr62
DitiDiti Tablet45
SBL Manganum oxydatum DilutionSBL Manganum oxydatum Dilution 1000 CH86
DolozinDolozin 50 Mg/2 Mg Tablet42
RoloflexRoloflex 50 Mg/2 Mg Tablet43
TizaranTizaran 50 Mg/2 Mg Tablet51
TizapamTizapam 400 Mg/2 Mg Tablet42
Tizpa DTizpa D Tablet27
ADEL Hyoscyamus Nig DilutionADEL Hyoscyamus Nig Dilution 1000 CH144
LumbrilLumbril Tablet16
Dr. Reckeweg Hyoscyamus nig DilutionDr. Reckeweg Hyoscyamus nig Dilution 1000 CH136
TizafenTizafen 400 Mg/2 Mg Capsule53
Dilona MrDilona Mr 50 Mg/325 Mg/2 Mg Tablet148
ADEL 38 Apo-Spast DropADEL 38 Apo-Spast Drop200
Tizalud DpTizalud Dp 50 Mg/325 Mg/2 Mg Tablet50
Vozox MrVozox Mr 50 Mg/325 Mg/2 Mg Tablet43
Dipane MrDipane Mr 50 Mg/325 Mg/2 Mg Tablet8
Dr. Reckeweg Cocculus Indica DilutionDr. Reckeweg Cocculus Indica Dilution 1000 CH136
Douse MrDouse Mr 50 Mg/325 Mg/2 Mg Tablet56
ADEL Cocculus Indica DilutionADEL Cocculus Indica Dilution 1000 CH144
PosturePosture 50 Mg/325 Mg/2 Mg Tablet28
Tizpa DpTizpa Dp Tablet33
ZapdicZapdic 50 Mg/325 Mg/2 Mg Tablet43

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  1. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Muscle Cramps.
  2. Orthoinfo [internet]. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont IL. Muscle Cramps.
  3. Better health channel. Department of Health and Human Services [internet]. State government of Victoria; Muscle cramp.
  4. American Association of Neuromuscular & Electrodiagnostic Medicine [Internet] Rochester Minnesota; Types of Tests.
  5. Jansen PH,Gabreëls FJ,van Engelen BG. Diagnosis and differential diagnosis of muscle cramps: a clinical approach. J Clin Neuromuscul Dis. 2002 Dec;4(2):89-94. PMID: 19078696
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