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What is nasal congestion?

Nasal congestion or nose block is defined as a blockage of the nose due to a swelling in the inner lining of your nose. It is one of the most commonly seen symptoms with a cold. This condition is generally a minor ailment and resolves within a short time period even without medication. It can affect people of all age groups and is particularly common in children. Nasal block is often associated with other disease conditions like allergies or a cold.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

You may experience the following symptoms along with a nasal congestion:

Rarely, you may experience symptoms like:

These rare symptoms are associated with other causes like sinusitis and asthma.

What are the main causes?

You may feel a nasal block due to swelling of the blood vessels inside the nose, tissue swelling and increased secretion of mucus in the nostrils. Conditions that can irritate the inner lining of your nose and cause swelling are:

  • Allergic rhinitis
  • Sinusitis
  • Cold
  • Nasal polyps
  • Foreign body
  • Otitis media (ear infection)
  • Asthma

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Your doctor will ask you some questions regarding history of any disease conditions recently like respiratory tract infections or allergies. Your doctor will also examine your nose to look for causes of blockage like polyps.

Treatment includes decongestants which can be taken orally or used topically as sprays or nasal drops. Along with decongestants, other medications are given by your doctor based on the cause of the nasal block.

In case of nasal polyps, drugs are usually given to reduce the size of this outgrowth. If not found to be effective, surgery is recommended.

  1. Home remedies for blocked nose or nasal congestion
  2. Medicines for Blocked Nose (Nasal Congestion)
  3. Doctors for Blocked Nose (Nasal Congestion)
Dr. K. K. Handa

Dr. K. K. Handa

कान, नाक और गले सम्बन्धी विकारों का विज्ञान

Dr. Aru Chhabra Handa

Dr. Aru Chhabra Handa

कान, नाक और गले सम्बन्धी विकारों का विज्ञान

Dr. Yogesh Parmar

Dr. Yogesh Parmar

कान, नाक और गले सम्बन्धी विकारों का विज्ञान

Medicines for Blocked Nose (Nasal Congestion)

Medicines listed below are available for Blocked Nose (Nasal Congestion). Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
KolqKolq Capsule28
WikorylWIKORYL 325 TABLET DT 10S32
AlexALEX 100ML SYRUP79
Solvin ColdSOLVIN COLD DROPS 15ML40
Tusq DXTUSQ DX 100ML SYRUP62
Febrex PlusFEBREX PLUS 60ML SYRUP49
Ascoril DAscoril D 5 Mg/10 Mg/1.25 Mg Syrup77
Orinase AOrinase A 0.10% W/V Nasal Drops44
Sinarest LevoSinarest Levo Tablet47
SBL Camphora LMSBL Camphora 0/1 LM64
OtrinozOtrinoz Baby 0.025% W/V Drop49
Otrivin Otrivin 0.1% Nasal Spray48
Schwabe Corallium rubrum CHSchwabe Corallium rubrum 1000 CH96
Bjain Camphora DilutionBjain Camphora Dilution 1000 CH63
Bjain Aurum Metallicum DilutionBjain Aurum Metallicum Dilution 1000 CH175
Otrivin Nasal SprayOTRIVIN O 0.05% NASAL SPRAY 10ML48
SBL Camphora Mother Tincture QSBL Camphora Mother Tincture Q 82
RecofastRECOFAST ORAL DROPS 10ML0
RhinosetRhinoset 0.1% W/V Nasal Drops38
ADEL 33 Apo-Oedem DropADEL 33 Apo-Oedem Drop200
Rhinoset PRhinoset P 0.05% W/V Nasal Drops34
Low DexLow Dex Eye/Ear Drops8
Schwabe Rauvolfia serpentina CHSchwabe Rauvolfia serpentina 1000 CH96
Bjain Sarracenia purpurea DilutionBjain Sarracenia purpurea Dilution 1000 CH63

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

References

  1. American Thoracic Society [Internet]. New York,United States of America; Subjective Nasal Fullness and Objective Congestion.
  2. Naclerio RM, Bachert C, Baraniuk JN. Pathophysiology of nasal congestion. Int J Gen Med. 2010 Apr 8;3:47-57. PMID: 20463823
  3. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Stuffy or runny nose - adult.
  4. Stewart M, Ferguson B, Fromer L. Epidemiology and burden of nasal congestion. Int J Gen Med. 2010 Apr 8;3:37-45. PMID: 20463822
  5. National Institutes of Health; [Internet]. U.S. National Library of Medicine. The Effect of Nasal Carbon Dioxide (CO2) on Nasal Congestion in Subjects With Perennial Allergic Rhinitis.
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