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What is vitamin D deficiency?

Vitamin D deficiency, also known as hypovitaminosis D, is a condition wherein there is a reduced or diminished amount of vitamin D in the body. Vitamin D is one of the most important vitamins which regulates calcium absorption and also helps in the release of hormones from the parathyroid gland. It is estimated that in India, the prevalence is extremely high, around 70%-100% of the population.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Most individuals aren't diagnosed at first since they tend to be asymptomatic. Severe cases of vitamin D deficiency result in:

  • Rickets in children
  • Osteomalacia in adults
  • Muscle tiredness
  • Deep bone pain
  • Tenderness
  • Difficulty in maintaining posture

What are the main causes?

Vitamin D is found in very few sources of food and sunlight is the chief source of this vitamin. UV rays from the sun convert the inactive form of the vitamin in the skin to its active form. This is further activated in the liver and the kidneys before it performs its function of regulating calcium in the body.

There are many causes that can trigger the deficiency of this vitamin. Among them are,

  • Lack of dietary intake of vitamin D
  • Inadequate vitamin D absorption in the body due to lack of fats in the diet
  • Not enough exposure to the sun
  • Imbalance in the conversion of vitamin D to its active form due to kidney or liver diseases where vitamin D is processed
  • Drug interactions with vitamin D interfering with its conversion and absorption

These causes can lead to reduced bone density leading to brittle bones and cause early fractures.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Vitamin D deficiency may be diagnosed by measuring vitamin D levels in the blood. Before that, the physician may perform a physical examination and ask about the history. Various tests for minerals may be performed especially calcium, phosphorous and parathyroid hormone levels.

The recommended dietary intake (RDA) of vitamin D for adults is 15 mcg per day. There are various supplements available to correct vitamin D deficiency. These supplements are available in two forms -  oral and injectable forms of vitamin D2 and D3. Dietary modifications are important methods for managing vitamin D deficiency. Foods that contain vitamin D should be consumed to meet everyday requirement e.g. liver, egg yolk and cheese. It is advisable to have a walk or do any physical activity in the morning where there is enough sunlight. This will help to provide adequate sunlight exposure and the body can convert vitamin D to its active form in the skin. The morning sunshine will be less harsh on your skin. This can, in turn, help in rectifying the deficiency. Vitamin D deficiency can be easily corrected with a timely diagnosis.

 

  1. Medicines for Vitamin D Deficiency
  2. Doctors for Vitamin D Deficiency
Dr. B.P Yadav

Dr. B.P Yadav

एंडोक्राइन ग्रंथियों और होर्मोनेस सम्बन्धी विज्ञान

Dr. Vineet Saboo

Dr. Vineet Saboo

एंडोक्राइन ग्रंथियों और होर्मोनेस सम्बन्धी विज्ञान

Dr. JITENDRA GUPTA

Dr. JITENDRA GUPTA

एंडोक्राइन ग्रंथियों और होर्मोनेस सम्बन्धी विज्ञान

Medicines for Vitamin D Deficiency

Medicines listed below are available for Vitamin D Deficiency. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Shelcal 500 TabletShelcal 500 Tablet74.0
ArachitolArachitol 3 L Injection181.2
DvitalDvital 2 K Tablet38.0
Mac D3Mac D3 Injection33.3
Nu D3Nu D3 1 K Tablet49.0
Uprise D3Uprise D3 1 K Capsule71.5
Vitaneo D3Vitaneo D3 Granules16.25
VitanovaVitanova D3 60 K Iu Injection30.1
CalcirolCalcirol 600000 Iu Injection210.0
FosavanceFosavance 70 Mg/5600 Iu Tablet499.0
OstonatOstonat Kit175.0
Alenost DAlenost D Tablet171.0
Atorsave DAtorsave D 10 Tablet90.75
Avas DAvas D 10 Mg/1000 Iu Tablet108.0
DaztorDaztor 10 Mg/1000 Iu Tablet110.0
Lipigraf D3Lipigraf D3 Tablet70.0
Storvas DStorvas D 10 Mg Tablet75.0
Astin DAstin D 10 Mg/1000 Iu Tablet108.0
Lipicure DLipicure D 10 Mg/1000 Iu Tablet113.0
Modlip DModlip D 10 Mg/1000 Iu Tablet86.8
Calvit 12Calvit 12 137.5 Mg/5000 Iu/50 Mcg Injection39.0
D RozavelD Rozavel 10 Mg/1000 Iu Tablet150.0
Mahastat D3Mahastat D3 Tablet135.0
Rosufit DRosufit D 10 Mg/1000 Iu Tablet158.0
Rosuflo DRosuflo D 10 Mg/1000 Iu Tablet90.0
Rosuvas DRosuvas D 10 Mg/1000 Iu Tablet210.0
Rosycap D3Rosycap D3 10 Mg/1000 Iu Tablet99.0
Rozucor DRozucor D 10 Mg/1000 Iu Tablet150.0
Rozustat DRozustat D 10 Mg/1000 Iu Tablet122.1
Rosukem GoldRosukem Gold Tablet120.0
Zyrova D3Zyrova D3 5 Mg/1000 Iu Tablet120.0
Zyrova D3 ForteZyrova D3 Forte 10 Mg/1000 Iu Tablet180.8
Gluconorm G 1 DGluconorm G 1 D Tablet64.0
Gluconorm G2 DGluconorm G2 D Tablet98.5
Insulate NpInsulate Np Tablet200.0
T ScoreT Score Tablet166.67
AvicalAvical 500 Mg Tablet20.93

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