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What is vitiligo?

Vitiligo (Leucoderma) is a genetic condition wherein the skin loses its pigment melanin and turns white. It is not a contagious condition. Vitiligo can be localized to few sites on the body or generalized where it can cover wider areas all over the body. There is a universal type which is rare, in which melanin disappears from the entire body. Globally, vitiligo affects 1%-4% of the population.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The signs and symptoms include:

  • White patches on the skin or depigmentation
  • Pain
  • Itching

It is also observed that other parts are affected such as the hair colour of the scalp, eyelashes and eyebrows, and beard in males. It can also affect the colour of other parts of the body such as eyes and lips.

What are the main causes?

Mostly, it is acquired but sometimes it can have a genetic origin. There are also unrecognised environmental factors that can trigger such a response from the skin. There are about 25%-30% chances of having a relative with vitiligo and 6% among brothers or sisters within the family. It is mostly seen in people with autoimmune disorders and may pass to their offspring as well.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Your physician will analyse the condition by physically examining the patch and may ask about your symptoms. Your family or past history may be asked. Laboratory tests may be carried out like:

  • Complete blood count
  • Thyroid tests
  • Antibody tests to look for other autoimmune conditions
  • Folate or vitamin B12 test
  • Vitamin D levels

Treatment methods include certain medications, phototherapy and surgical interventions. Micropigmentation may be done to match the patch colour with the person’s skin colour. It is advisable to use skin protectants especially sunscreens. Depression may occur in some patients due to lowered self-esteem. Proper counselling and support groups may help overcome stress and depressive episodes.

 

  1. Medicines for Vitiligo (Leucoderma)

Medicines for Vitiligo (Leucoderma)

Medicines listed below are available for Vitiligo (Leucoderma). Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
MelbildMelbild Lotion715.0
DsorolenDsorolen 0.2% Lotion36.0
NeosalNeosal 25 Mg Tablet67.1
NeosoralenNeosoralen 10 Mg Tablet42.78
Q ONQ On 0.2% W/V Lotion67.0
SoralenSoralen 5 Mg Tablet23.0
TrioxenTrioxen 0.2% Lotion58.0
TrioxolTrioxol 25 Mg Tablet66.62
TroidTroid 0.2% Lotion56.3
VitilineVitiline 25 Mg Tablet45.91
LukosisLukosis Forte Tablet58.0
NtraxNtrax 25 Mg Tablet89.0
SensitexSensitex 25 Mg Tablet76.02
TrimopTrimop 5 Mg Tablet25.0
TriotaTriota Tablet61.9
KuvadexKuvadex 10 Mg Tablet24.0
MelacylMelacyl Tablet20.88
Meladerm (Inga)Meladerm 10 Mg Tablet51.5
MelanMelan 10 Mg Tablet18.0
MelanexMelanex 10 Mg Tablet25.0
MelcylMelcyl 10 Mg Tablet28.4
MacsoralenMacsoralen 10 Mg Lotion37.07
MelanocylMelanocyl 1% Solution85.65
OctamopOctamop 0.75% Lotion108.0
ManadermManaderm Ointment895.0
MelaninMelanin 10 Mg Tablet30.0
TriolenTriolen 25 Mg Tablet78.0
SalenSalen 1% W/V Solution64.0
Alamin SeAlamin Se 410 Mg/100 Mg/290 Mg/130 Mg Infusion362.0
BenoquinBenoquin Ointment271.72

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