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What is Alzheimer’s Disease?

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a degenerative disease, which is irreversible and progressive in nature. It is a type of dementia (loss of memory), a combined term for all the conditions associated with permanent impairment of the brain function, which finally leads to a decreased capacity to perform simple day-to-day activities. The prevalence of dementia in India is more than 4 million. It is a global health issue, with at least 50 million people having some forms of dementia.

What are the main signs and symptoms of Alzheimer’s Disease?

The early onset type of AD develops between the 30s and mid-60s, and the late onset type appears in mid-60s. As the disease advances, more damage occurs to the brain, and its progression may vary from person to person.

It proceeds through three stages:

  • Mild
    A person may function normally but may experience memory lapses, such as forgetting places or familiar words. Others symptoms include an inability to recollect right names, forgetting recent encounters, losing or misplacing objects and difficulty in planning or organising.
  • Moderate
    Lasts longer and includes forgetfulness of recent events or about personal history, confused state, social withdrawal, trouble controlling bowel and bladder movements in some individuals, and losing touch with surroundings or reality.
  • Severe
    Failure to respond to the environmental stimuli and normal conversations, with total dependence on others.

What are the main causes of Alzheimer’s Disease?

The causes are unknown; scientists have found a large build-up of proteins in the brain in people with Alzheimer’s. These excess proteins can interfere with normal brain cell function and may eventually lead to death. According to the available data, increasing age is considered an important risk factor of Alzheimer’s disease. More information on nerve damage due to age-related changes (shrinkage of certain brain parts, swelling, and free radical production) and eventual progression of Alzheimer’s is being searched for through various studies. The early onset type is mostly due to genetic influence and is usually rare, whereas the late onset type is due to a mixture of genetic, lifestyle, and environmental factors and is the commonest.

How is Alzheimer’s Disease diagnosed and treated?

Alzheimer’s is diagnosed by a series of tests to determine an individual’s mental capabilities and other brain skills with the passage of time. These may include:

  • Medical history including changes in behaviour and personality.
  • Medical tests, such as urine, blood, and spinal fluid tests.
  • Brain scans (CT scan or MRI).

There is no complete cure till date for Alzheimer’s but the symptoms of dementia can be managed by some medicines. Scientists are conducting studies towards determining a way to delay or prevent Alzheimer’s by targeting the root cause.

Potential treatments may include:

  • Treatments for diseases related to Alzheimer’s, such as heart disease and type 2 diabetes.
  • Cognitive training for improved thought processes and tackling anxiety, agitation, aggression, and depression.
  • Specific Diet such as Mediterranean or Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) that is low in saturated fats.
  • Exercise.
  • Aromatherapy.
  • Indulging in music or dance.
  • Animal-assisted therapy.
  • A soothing massage.
  • Multi-sensory stimulation.

The treatment must be monitored and conducted by experienced persons to achieve maximum benefit.

  1. Medicines for Alzheimer's Disease
  2. Doctors for Alzheimer's Disease
Dr. Swati Narang

Dr. Swati Narang

न्यूरोलॉजी

Dr. Megha Tandon

Dr. Megha Tandon

न्यूरोलॉजी

Dr. Shakti Mishra

Dr. Shakti Mishra

न्यूरोलॉजी

Medicines for Alzheimer's Disease

Medicines listed below are available for Alzheimer's Disease. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
AdmentaAdmenta 10 Mg Tablet150.0
AlmantinAlmantin 5 Mg Tablet48.0
DmentinDmentin 10 Mg Tablet Md95.0
EbixaEbixa 10 Mg Tablet256.0
LarentineLarentine 10 Mg Tablet140.0
MentademMentadem 10 Mg Tablet364.0
MentraMentra 10 Mg Tablet95.0
NemdaaNemdaa 10 Mg Tablet111.0
CognexCognex Tablet390.0
Exelon TtsExelon Tts 13.3 Mg Patch4423.0
ExelonExelon 1.5 Mg Capsule4260.0
RivademRivadem 3 Mg Capsule65.0
RivamerRivamer 1.5 Mg Capsule105.0
RivaplastRivaplast 9 Mg Transdermal Patch297.0
RivasmineRivasmine 1.5 Mg Capsule46.0
RiveraRivera 1.5 Mg Capsule44.0
Higado LsHigado Ls 150 Mg/500 Mg Capsule140.0
AlzilAlzil 10 Mg Tablet156.35
AricepAricep 10 Mg Tablet156.0
CognidepCognidep 10 Mg Tablet66.66
DnpDnp 10 Mg Tablet132.37
DoneceptDonecept 10 Mg Tablet139.61
DonepDonep 10 Mg Tablet156.35
DonetazDonetaz 11.5 Mg Tablet149.12
DozareDozare 5 Mg Tablet100.5
LapezilLapezil 10 Mg Tablet171.81
SanezilSanezil 5 Mg Tablet100.0
AlzepilAlzepil 10 Mg Tablet120.0
DemenzaDemenza 10 Mg Tablet100.1
DepzilDepzil 10 Mg Tablet100.0
DonazDonaz 10 Mg Tablet130.0
DopeDope 10 Mg Tablet125.0
DopezilDopezil 5 Mg Tablet106.25
DorentDorent 10 Mg Tablet152.0
NepzilNepzil 10 Mg Tablet72.12
PezilPezil 5 Mg Tablet185.87
RemendaRemenda 5 Mg Tablet79.0
CerebrolysinCerebrolysin Injection805.0
CognifastCognifast Tablet160.0
CerebrainCerebrain 90 Mg Tablet24.0
CerevateCerevate 60 Mg Injection805.0
CerevionCerevion Tablet139.0
CognistarCognistar 30 Mg Injection500.0
CognitracCognitrac 60 Mg Injection750.0
NeurobrosinNeurobrosin 30 Mg Injection882.86
StropinStropin 60 Mg Injection770.0
CogvinCogvin 10 Mg Tablet59.4
NeurovinNeurovin 5 Mg Tablet82.9
ReqollectReqollect 5 Mg Capsule70.0
VinpaceVinpace 10 Mg Tablet109.52
VinpocareVinpocare 5 Mg Tablet260.0
Colphos ForteColphos Forte Capsule98.17
Essentiale LEssentiale L 350 Mg Capsule130.5
LeciLeci 5% Lotion38.1
LivintactLivintact 525 Mg Capsule116.02
LivophosLivophos 175 Mg Capsule74.81
GalamerGalamer 4 Mg Tablet131.0
BenovatBenovat 45 Mg Tablet157.05
IdeoxIdeox Tablet172.75
NorwayzNorwayz 45 Mg Tablet175.0
Aricep MAricep M Forte Tablet175.0
CogmentinCogmentin 10 Mg/10 Mg Tablet114.28
DonamemDonamem 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet179.0
Donep M ForteDonep M Forte 10 Mg/10 Mg Tablet189.0
Larentine DLarentine D 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet170.0
Alzil MAlzil M 10 Mg/10 Mg Tablet164.5
Donecept MDonecept M 5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet126.5
Donep MDonep M 5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet139.0
Dope PlusDope Plus 5 Mg Tablet104.76
Memancad DMemancad D Tablet152.6
CognivelCognivel Tablet179.0
Moracetam VMoracetam V Forte 60 Mg/800 Mg/5 Mg Tablet171.33
Cognix PlusCognix Plus Tablet218.4
Gencephal TrioGencephal Trio 60 Mg/800 Mg/5 Mg Tablet199.0
ToxifiteToxifite Tablet180.97
Insulate NpInsulate Np Tablet200.0
Stablanz PvStablanz Pv Tablet180.9
BestflowBestflow Tablet164.5
EmidasEmidas Ls Tablet84.36
Zevert PvgZevert Pvg Tablet198.0
Evion LCEvion Lc Tablet32.2

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

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