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What is dementia?

Dementia is a clinical syndrome characterised by a significant decline in cognitive functioning. It is a collection of symptoms that occur in a number of diseases. It features loss of cognitive and behavioural functioning that affects one’s daily life. It is a global crisis and more than 4 million Indians affected by some form of dementia.

What are its main associated signs and symptoms?

Symptoms of dementia usually show insidious onset and gradual progression.

  • Commonly associated signs and symptoms include:
    • Reduced learning ability
    • Decline in memory
    • Personality and mood changes
    • Psychomotor slowing

What are its main causes?

Extensive damage of nerve cells leads to symptoms of dementia.

The most common cause is Alzheimer’s disease which involves short-term memory deficits.

Other common causes of dementia include:

  • Vascular dementia: This occurs as a result of damage to the blood vessels that supply the brain.
  • Lewy body dementia: Lewy bodies are abnormal clumps of protein that affect cognitive functioning of a person.
  • Frontotemporal dementia: Degeneration of nerve cells in the areas of the brain that control personality, language and behaviour.
  • Mixed dementia: Studies suggest that people aged 80 years and above have a combination of the above-mentioned dementias.
  • Other uncommon causes: Huntington’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, traumatic brain injury, metabolic and endocrine disorders, adverse reaction to medications, poisoning and brain tumours.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Medical history of the patient and physical examination is required for the diagnosis of dementia.

Assessment of cognitive function is done during the consultation, but may also require additional tests.

Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) is the most widely used test for assessing cognitive function.

Further investigations, if required, may include:

  • Blood tests
  • MRI or CT scan of brain
  • EEG (electroencephalogram)

Treatment with medications shows very little response. Medications prescribed are for increasing the chemicals that transmit nerve signals. These are found to be useful only during the early to middle stages of dementia.

Antidepressants are useful in case of disturbed sleep.

The use of antipsychotics has been shown to pose a greater risk of death.

Supportive care plays a major role in the management of patients with dementia. As the symptoms progress, the need for assistance also increases.

  1. Homeopathic medicine, treatment and remedies for Dementia
  2. Medicines for Dementia
  3. Doctors for Dementia
Dr. Amar Golder

Dr. Amar Golder

साइकेट्री

Dr. Arvind Gautam

Dr. Arvind Gautam

साइकेट्री

Dr. Ramesh Ammati

Dr. Ramesh Ammati

साइकेट्री

Medicines for Dementia

Medicines listed below are available for Dementia. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
CehamCeham 1000 Mg Injection186.0
CitimacCitimac 2 Mg Injection96.0
CitistarCitistar 250 Mg Injection95.0
CitrokCitrok 250 Mg Injection89.0
ClinaxonClinaxon 2 Mg Injection104.0
NurocolNurocol 250 Mg Injection200.0
PrexaronPrexaron 1000 Mg Tablet Sr700.0
StoraxStorax 250 Mg Injection175.0
StrocitStrocit 250 Mg Injection105.0
StrolinStrolin 500 Mg Tablet464.0
Braincit TabletBraincit Tablet421.0
CitelecCitelec 250 Mg Injection115.0
CitibralCitibral 10 Mg Tablet356.0
CitifloCitiflo 500 Mg Injection80.0
CitilinCitilin 1000 Mg Tablet Sr690.0
CitimetCitimet 500 Mg Tablet400.0
CitinerveCitinerve 500 Mg Tablet439.0
Citinerve OdCitinerve Od 1000 Mg Tablet659.0
CitinovaCitinova 250 Mg Injection113.0
CitivasCitivas 500 Mg Tablet233.0
CitizacCitizac 250 Mg Injection95.0
ColibraColibra 500 Mg Tablet375.0
ColihenzColihenz 250 Mg Injection107.0
CriticolineCriticoline 250 Mg Injection450.0
Ct Cva TabletCt Cva Tablet400.0
LinaxonLinaxon 2 Mg Injection95.0
NeticolNeticol 250 Mg Injection406.0
NeucholineNeucholine 250 Mg Injection182.0
NeucitiNeuciti 250 Mg Injection139.0
NeurosparkNeurospark 500 Mg Injection94.0
OxcityOxcity 500 Mg Tablet450.0
Somazina (Elder)Somazina 1000 Mg Injection189.0
Somazina (Dr Reddy)Somazina 1 Gm Tablet Sr707.0
StrocozStrocoz 250 Mg Injection153.0
StrozinaStrozina 1000 Mg Tablet571.0
CholinecadCholinecad 250 Mg Injection80.0
CiticoCitico 1000 Mg Tablet Cr699.0
Citicure PlusCiticure Plus Tablet485.0
CitisrinCitisrin 500 Mg Tablet460.0
CitisureCitisure 250 Mg Injection85.0
CognexCognex Tablet390.0
CognolinCognolin 500 Mg Tablet468.0
CvcitCvcit 500 Mg Tablet539.0
EncephaEncepha 500 Mg Tablet384.0
N CitiN Citi 500 Mg Tablet342.0
NeurocitiNeurociti 750 Mg Tablet500.0
NusomaNusoma Tablet381.0
PrevanorPrevanor 250 Mg Injection78.0
RecognixRecognix 500 Mg Injection99.0
ShicolinShicolin 500 Mg Tablet378.0
Strolife MonoStrolife Mono 250 Mg Injection89.0
StropilStropil 500 Mg Tablet420.0
UnicholinUnicholin 500 Mg Injection91.0
XcitiXciti 500 Mg Tablet366.0
ZiticolinZiticolin 500 Mg Tablet363.0
Cognitam PlusCognitam Plus 500 Mg/400 Mg Tablet415.0
Cogpex PlusCogpex Plus Tablet450.0
Colihenz PColihenz P 500 Mg/400 Mg Tablet495.0
Neucholine PlusNeucholine Plus Tablet460.0
Nootropil CNootropil C Tablet550.0
Strocit PlusStrocit Plus Tablet525.0
Cbcolin PCbcolin P Tablet500.0
Ceham PCeham P 500 Mg/400 Mg Tablet498.0
Ceretor PlusCeretor Plus Tablet399.0
Cholinecad PlusCholinecad Plus Tablet447.0
Citico PlusCitico Plus 500 Mg/400 Mg Tablet371.0
Citiflo PlusCitiflo Plus 500 Mg/800 Mg Tablet450.0
Citilin PCitilin P 500 Mg/400 Mg Tablet512.0
Citimac PCitimac P 500 Mg/800 Mg Tablet473.0
Citinerve PCitinerve P 500 Mg/400 Mg Tablet493.0
Clinaxon PClinaxon P 500 Mg/400 Mg Tablet530.0
Cognipil PlusCognipil Plus Tablet470.0
Dalus ForteDalus Forte Tablet470.0
N Citi PlusN Citi Plus 500 Mg/800 Mg Tablet411.0
Neuciti ForteNeuciti Forte Tablet413.0
Neuciti PlusNeuciti Plus Syrup520.0
Neurocetam PlusNeurocetam Plus Tablet490.0
Nutam PlusNutam Plus 800 Mg/500 Mg Tablet450.0
Prexaron PlusPrexaron Plus 500 Mg/800 Mg Tablet485.0
Somazina PlusSomazina Plus Tablet504.0
Storax PrStorax Pr 500 Mg/800 Mg Tablet529.0
Strocoz PlusStrocoz Plus Tablet450.0
StrolifeStrolife Tablet419.0
Strolin PStrolin P 400 Mg Tablet449.0
Strozina PlusStrozina Plus Tablet450.0
ToplineTopline Forte Tablet424.0
Topline PlusTopline Plus Tablet350.0
Exelon TtsExelon Tts 13.3 Mg Patch4423.0
ExelonExelon 1.5 Mg Capsule4260.0
RivademRivadem 3 Mg Capsule65.0
RivamerRivamer 1.5 Mg Capsule105.0
RivaplastRivaplast 9 Mg Transdermal Patch297.0
RivasmineRivasmine 1.5 Mg Capsule46.0
RiveraRivera 1.5 Mg Capsule44.0
Higado LsHigado Ls 150 Mg/500 Mg Capsule140.0
AlzilAlzil 10 Mg Tablet156.35
AricepAricep 10 Mg Tablet156.0
CognidepCognidep 10 Mg Tablet66.66
DnpDnp 10 Mg Tablet132.37
DoneceptDonecept 10 Mg Tablet139.61
DonepDonep 10 Mg Tablet156.35
DonetazDonetaz 11.5 Mg Tablet149.12
DozareDozare 5 Mg Tablet100.5
LapezilLapezil 10 Mg Tablet171.81
SanezilSanezil 5 Mg Tablet100.0
AlzepilAlzepil 10 Mg Tablet120.0
DemenzaDemenza 10 Mg Tablet100.1
DepzilDepzil 10 Mg Tablet100.0
DonazDonaz 10 Mg Tablet130.0
DopeDope 10 Mg Tablet125.0
DopezilDopezil 5 Mg Tablet106.25
DorentDorent 10 Mg Tablet152.0
NepzilNepzil 10 Mg Tablet72.12
PezilPezil 5 Mg Tablet185.87
RemendaRemenda 5 Mg Tablet79.0
CerebrolysinCerebrolysin Injection805.0
CognifastCognifast Tablet160.0
CerebrainCerebrain 90 Mg Tablet24.0
CerevateCerevate 60 Mg Injection805.0
CerevionCerevion Tablet139.0
CognistarCognistar 30 Mg Injection500.0
CognitracCognitrac 60 Mg Injection750.0
NeurobrosinNeurobrosin 30 Mg Injection882.86
StropinStropin 60 Mg Injection770.0
EncephabolEncephabol 100 Mg Suspension159.9
RenervolRenervol 100 Mg Suspension63.0
CogvinCogvin 10 Mg Tablet59.4
NeurovinNeurovin 5 Mg Tablet82.9
ReqollectReqollect 5 Mg Capsule70.0
VinpaceVinpace 10 Mg Tablet109.52
VinpocareVinpocare 5 Mg Tablet260.0
Colphos ForteColphos Forte Capsule98.17
Essentiale LEssentiale L 350 Mg Capsule130.5
LeciLeci 5% Lotion38.1
LivintactLivintact 525 Mg Capsule116.02
LivophosLivophos 175 Mg Capsule74.81
Full 24 AmFull 24 Am Injection32.4
Oto SureOto Sure 40 Mg Tablet130.0
TebokanTebokan Forte 120 Mg Tablet520.0
CereloidCereloid 1 Mg Tablet220.0
Aricep MAricep M Forte Tablet175.0
CogmentinCogmentin 10 Mg/10 Mg Tablet114.28
DonamemDonamem 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet179.0
Donep M ForteDonep M Forte 10 Mg/10 Mg Tablet189.0
Larentine DLarentine D 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet170.0
Alzil MAlzil M 10 Mg/10 Mg Tablet164.5
Donecept MDonecept M 5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet126.5
Donep MDonep M 5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet139.0
Dope PlusDope Plus 5 Mg Tablet104.76
Memancad DMemancad D Tablet152.6
ClinhairClinhair 2%/1% Shampoo125.62
DanclearDanclear 1%/2% Gel214.16
DandropDandrop 2%/1% Lotion228.57
SeborenSeboren 2%/1% Shampoo97.0
CutiglosCutiglos Shampoo149.31
Dandruff PlusDandruff Plus Soap18.93
HighgrowHighgrow Shampoo129.37
KetokemKetokem Shampoo150.0
CognivelCognivel Tablet179.0
Moracetam VMoracetam V Forte 60 Mg/800 Mg/5 Mg Tablet171.33
Cognix PlusCognix Plus Tablet218.4
Gencephal TrioGencephal Trio 60 Mg/800 Mg/5 Mg Tablet199.0
DancureDancure 1%/2% Shampoo70.0
Triben AdTriben Ad Lotion216.0
Gb VertGb Vert Tablet95.0
StablanzStablanz 24 Mg/60 Mg Tablet107.6
Vernil PlusVernil Plus Tablet95.0
BetacitamBetacitam 16 Mg/60 Mg Tablet160.0
ToxifiteToxifite Tablet180.97
Insulate NpInsulate Np Tablet200.0
Moracetam AgMoracetam Ag Tablet799.0
Cet PlusCet Plus 400 Mg/60 Mg Tablet40.0
Stablanz PvStablanz Pv Tablet180.9
BestflowBestflow Tablet164.5
EmidasEmidas Ls Tablet84.36
Zevert PvgZevert Pvg Tablet198.0
Mama Natura AnekindAnekind Globules180.0
Schwabe Ginkgo biloba MTGinkgo Biloba 1 X Tablet273.0
ADEL Ginkgo Biloba Mother Tincture QGinkgo Biloba Mother Tincture Q285.0
Dr. Reckeweg Ginko Biloba QGinko Biloba Mother Tincture Q290.0
Dr. Reckeweg R81Reckeweg R81 Analgesic Drop200.0

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