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What are bunions?

A bunion is a bump that forms at the base of the big toe. It looks like a protrusion that is formed as a result of the big toe leaning more towards the second toe. Bunions may not cause any discomfort to some, while for others it could be extremely painful. It is common for those with bunions to have similar formations at the base of the little toe as well.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Detecting a bunion is easy. Here are some things you will notice:

  • Inflammation and redness at the joint of the big toe
  • Pain which is either persistent or intermittent
  • Calluses and/or corns in the area between the first two toes
  • A bulge at the outer base of the big toe

What are its main causes?

A variety of factors may contribute to the occurrence of bunions. These include:

  • Injury to the foot
  • Inherited deformity
  • Other deformities at birth
  • Wearing very tight footwear or very high heels (although it is a debatable cause)
  • Rheumatoid arthritis

How is it diagnosed and treated?

An examination of the foot is usually sufficient for the doctor to diagnose a bunion. However, doctors may occasionally opt for an X-ray of the foot to assess the extent of damage and the exact cause of the bunion.

 Treatment of bunions may range from conservative methods to surgery. The approach depends on the severity of the condition and the kind of pain experienced. Treatment methods include:

  • Switching to more comfortable footwear
  • Using support pads, tape or splints on the foot to help ease pain and give more support
  • Using inserts in shoes to ease pressure on the area
  • Icing the area to relieve redness and soreness
  • Surgery may be recommended to:
    • Straighten and re-align the toe joint after removing a portion of the bone
    • Remove the swollen tissue surrounding the joint of the big toe
    • Fuse the bones of the affected joint
  1. Medicines for Bunions
  2. Doctors for Bunions
Dr. Vivek Dahiya

Dr. Vivek Dahiya


Dr. Vipin Chand Tyagi

Dr. Vipin Chand Tyagi


Dr. Vineesh Mathur

Dr. Vineesh Mathur


Medicines for Bunions

Medicines listed below are available for Bunions. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
TizapamTizapam 400 Mg/2 Mg Tablet42
Espra XnESPRA XN 500MG TABLET 10S104
LumbrilLumbril Tablet16
TizafenTizafen 400 Mg/2 Mg Capsule53
EndacheEndache Gel47
FenlongFenlong 400 Mg Capsule21
Ibuf PIbuf P Tablet11
IbuvonIbuvon 100 Mg Suspension8
Ibuvon (Wockhardt)Ibuvon Syrup9
IcparilIcparil 400 Mg Tablet23
MaxofenMaxofen Tablet5
TricoffTricoff Syrup48
AcefenAcefen 100 Mg/125 Mg Tablet23
Adol TabletAdol 200 Mg Tablet33
BruriffBruriff 400 Mg Tablet4
EmflamEmflam 400 Mg Injection5
Fenlong (Skn)Fenlong 200 Mg Tablet16
IbrumacIbrumac 200 Mg Tablet3

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others


  1. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Bunions
  2. Orthoinfo [internet]. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont IL. Bunions.
  3. Healthdirect Australia. Bunions. Australian government: Department of Health
  4. Nidirect. Bunion. UK. [internet].
  5. Health Link. Bunions. British Columbia. [internet].
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