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What is rheumatoid arthritis?

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a condition characterised by inflammation or swelling in and around the joints, joint pain and other symptoms. This is an autoimmune disease where the immune system mistakes healthy tissues for a foreign body and attacks them.

Lack of timely intervention causes damage to the cartilage, a tissue that covers the joints and the bones. Further, this loss of cartilage leads to a reduced joint spacing. Overall, the condition is highly painful but can be controlled with medications.

Rheumatoid arthritis affects the joints of the hands, feet, elbows, knees, wrists and even ankles. The condition spreads through the cardiovascular or respiratory system, which is why it is referred to as a systemic disease.

What are its main associated signs and symptoms?

The major signs and symptoms of the condition include:

  • Morning stiffness that goes away with continuous joint movement throughout the day.
  • Fatigue.
  • Anaemia.
  • Painful joints.
  • Dry eyes and mouth.
  • Firm lumps in the elbows, hands, knees and other joints.
  • Swelling and redness in the joints.
  • Chest pain.
  • Fever and weight loss.

The painful condition affects both hands or feet simultaneously. It may start at any age post 30 and affects females more than men. At times, the flare-up, i.e., the pain and fatigue along with inflammation may occur unexpectedly and worsen the condition.

What are its main causes?

Though the exact factors that trigger this condition remain unknown, the following factors may be considered as a precursor to the condition:

  • Gene mutations.
  • History of RA in the paternal family.
  • Infections.
  • Hormonal changes.
  • Emotional distress.
  • Smoking.
  • Exposure to pollutants.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

The condition is diagnosed by looking for the symptoms as given above. Furthermore, physical examination, x-ray and blood tests also help confirm the presence of the condition. Treatment is more effective if early diagnosis and treatment are provided.

Treatment:

The treatment avenues include both pre-emptive and reactive treatments, such as:

  • Painkillers or analgesic medications.
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications like ibuprofen.
  • Corticosteroids like prednisolone.
  • Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic medicines like methotrexate.
  • Biological medications like infliximab.
  • Exercises, such as strength training and Tai Chi.
  • Physiotherapy to control the pain and preserve motion in the joints.
  • Gadgets that help relieve the pain and pressure.
  • Rest.
  • Eating healthy and adding omega 3 fatty acids to the diet.
  • Using massage, acupuncture and other complementary therapies.
  1. Medicines for Rheumatoid Arthritis
  2. Doctors for Rheumatoid Arthritis
Dr. Vivek Dahiya

Dr. Vivek Dahiya

ओर्थोपेडिक्स

Dr. Vipin Chand Tyagi

Dr. Vipin Chand Tyagi

ओर्थोपेडिक्स

Dr. Vineesh Mathur

Dr. Vineesh Mathur

ओर्थोपेडिक्स

Medicines for Rheumatoid Arthritis

Medicines listed below are available for Rheumatoid Arthritis. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
ZerodolZerodol 100 Mg Tablet27
HifenacHifenac 100 Mg Tablet34
DolowinDolowin 100 Mg Tablet34
Signoflam TabletSignoflam Tablet77
Ecosprin Av CapsuleEcosprin-AV 150 Capsule36
Zerodol PZerodol-P Tablet32
Zerodol ThZerodol Th 100 Mg/4 Mg Tablet131
Zerodol SpZerodol-SP Tablet59
EcosprinEcosprin 150 Mg Tablet6
Zerodol MRZerodol Mr 100 Mg/2 Mg Tablet Mr62
Samonec PlusSamonec Plus 100 Mg/500 Mg Tablet26
Starnac PlusStarnac Plus 100 Mg/500 Mg/50 Mg Tablet56
Hifenac P TabletHifenac P Tablet56
IbicoxIbicox 100 Mg/500 Mg Tablet44
Serrint PSerrint P 100 Mg/500 Mg Tablet28
Tremendus SpTremendus Sp 100 Mg/325 Mg/15 Mg Tablet67
Ibicox MrIbicox Mr Tablet101
Twagic SpTwagic Sp 100 Mg/325 Mg/15 Mg Tablet0
Iconac PIconac P 100 Mg/500 Mg Tablet30
Sioxx PlusSioxx Plus 100 Mg/500 Mg Tablet24
Ultiflam SpUltiflam Sp Tablet52
Inflanac PlusInflanac Plus 100 Mg/500 Mg Tablet20
Sistal ApSistal Ap Tablet59

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

References

  1. National Institutes of Health; [Internet]. U.S. National Library of Medicine. Rheumatoid arthritis.
  2. Center for Disease Control and Prevention [internet], Atlanta (GA): US Department of Health and Human Services; Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA).
  3. National Health Service [Internet]. UK; Symptoms.
  4. Rheumatology Research Foundation [Internet]. Georgia: American College of Rheumatology. Rheumatoid Arthritis.
  5. Better health channel. Department of Health and Human Services [internet]. State government of Victoria; Rheumatoid Arthritis.
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