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What is colorectal cancer?

Colorectal cancer affects the parts of the large intestine, the colon or rectum or both, and starts as a protrusion on the inner lining of the colon or rectum. The colon absorbs excess water from the stools, and the rectum stores the stool until defecation.

The rate of incidence of colorectal cancer in India is found to be less than other countries due to the diet and low obesity rates, but the survival rate is as low as five years.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Common symptoms seen are as follows:

  • Change in bowel habits like loose stools or constipation lasting for a long duration.
  • A feeling of incomplete defecation.
  • Narrow-sized stools.
  • Dark-coloured stool due to bleeding in the colon or rectum.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Weakness.
  • Unintentional weight loss.

Usually, symptoms start appearing during later stages and vary from person to person as well as the severity of the condition.

These symptoms are seen in conditions like Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, haemorrhoids and infections.

What are the main causes?

The exact cause is not found, but the risk of developing colorectal cancer is more in:

  • Men above 50 years of age.
  • When colorectal cancer runs in the family of the individual.
  • Obese people.
  • Cigarette smokers.
  • Those who consume alcohol.
  • Consumers of red and processed meat.
  • Persons with a diet low in fibre.
  • Those with a sedentary lifestyle.
  • People on immunosuppressant medicines following an organ transplant.
  • Those with diseases like diabetes mellitus with insulin resistance and HIV infection.
  • Individuals with prior exposure to radiation therapy, e.g., prostate cancer.
  • People with a history of gallbladder removal.
  • Persons with a history of coronary heart disease.

It is not necessary that you will develop cancer if you have the risk factors; however, the risk factors do increase the chance.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Consult your doctor immediately if you experience bloody stools or rectal bleeding, which is not a normal condition.

Your doctor will perform a rectal examination to find any masses or abnormalities. He/She will carry out blood tests to check your haemoglobin, red blood cell count (which can be lowered due to blood loss) and other cell counts, liver tests and kidney tests. In the case of a recurrent disease condition, tests to find the levels of a certain antigen in the blood are carried out. Colonoscopy, a screening test for colorectal cancer is done to identify polyps. Sometimes a chest x-ray, ultrasonography and CT scan are performed to find if cancer has affected other organs.

Surgery is the first treatment option. Chemotherapeutic drugs are also given for treatment. Radiation therapy is not widely used except in certain conditions. Immunotherapy is used in the advanced stages of cancer.

  1. Medicines for Colorectal Cancer
  2. Doctors for Colorectal Cancer
Dr. Arabinda Roy

Dr. Arabinda Roy

ऑन्कोलॉजी

Dr. Ashutosh Gawande

Dr. Ashutosh Gawande

ऑन्कोलॉजी

Dr. C. Arun Hensley

Dr. C. Arun Hensley

ऑन्कोलॉजी

Medicines for Colorectal Cancer

Medicines listed below are available for Colorectal Cancer. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
CeldachCeldach 100 Mg Injection2500.0
MegaplatMegaplat 100 Mg Injection3934.94
Oxa(Emc)Oxa 100 Mg Infusion5836.8
OxiplatOxiplat 100 Mg Injection4623.69
OxitanOxitan 100 Mg Infusion4616.0
OxitozOxitoz 100 Mg Injection5260.77
OxitrustOxitrust 100 Mg Injection4371.88
OxplaOxpla 100 Mg Injection3165.54
XalipatXalipat 100 Mg Injection2380.95
XplatXplat 100 Mg Injection3452.38
GlanoxyGlanoxy 100 Mg Injection4499.0
GlenoxlGlenoxl 100 Mg Injection2642.85
KinaplatKinaplat 100 Mg Infusion1577.38
MetaplatinMetaplatin 100 Mg Injection4800.0
NeoxalNeoxal 100 Mg Injection5000.0
OplatinOplatin 100 Mg Infusion4400.0
Oxaliplatin ForOxaliplatin For 100 Mg Infusion4670.33
OxaltorOxaltor 100 Mg Infusion2738.09
OxichemoOxichemo 100 Mg Infusion2000.0
OxidachOxidach 100 Mg Injection6300.0
OxolOxol 100 Mg Infusion3333.33
PlatoxinPlatoxin 100 Mg Injection3831.54
XalotinXalotin 100 Mg Injection7800.0
XplatinXplatin 100 Mg Infusion4657.14
OxoplanOxoplan 50 Mg Injection1322.1
XtideXtide 50 Mg Injection1995.46
CacitCacit 500 Mg Tablet1668.86
CapeciteCapecite 500 Mg Tablet1037.25
CapegardCapegard 500 Mg Tablet600.0
CapetaCapeta 500 Mg Tablet1530.0
CapezamCapezam 500 Mg Tablet1419.05
CapiibineCapiibine 500 Mg Tablet2859.05
CapsyCapsy 500 Mg Tablet1447.62
CaxetaCaxeta 500 Mg Tablet582.0
XelodaXeloda 500 Mg Tablet2002.0
ZocitabZocitab 500 Mg Tablet1542.4
AtubriAtubri 500 Mg Tablet1730.77
CapcelCapcel 500 Mg Tablet1409.52
CapehopeCapehope 500 Mg Tablet937.5
CapeteroCapetero 500 Mg Tablet1220.0
CapnatCapnat 500 Mg Tablet1800.0
CaptabinCaptabin 500 Mg Tablet1562.5
GlancapGlancap 500 Mg Tablet1299.0
Naprocap 500 Mg TabletNaprocap 500 Mg Tablet1500.0
XabineXabine 500 Mg Tablet1609.5
XelocelXelocel 500 Mg Tablet1480.0
XortibXortib 150 Mg Tablet780.0
ZenociteZenocite 500 Mg Tablet1047.22
CapcitaCapcita 500 Mg Tablet81.25
CapecadCapecad 500 Mg Tablet952.37
CapecitaperCapecitaper 500 Mg Tablet1714.38
CapostatCapostat 500 Mg Tablet875.0
CapxcelCapxcel 500 Mg Tablet1536.0
Citabin504 Gateway Time Out Citabin 500 Mg Tablet1695.0
DistamineDistamine 500 Mg Tablet593.75
XecapXecap 500 Mg Tablet1250.0
XphilXphil 300 Mcg Injection2142.8
CamptoCampto 100 Mg Injection20238.1
ColotecanColotecan 20 Mg Injection1355.31
ImtusImtus 100 Mg Injection2687.5
IntensicIntensic 100 Mg Injection687.5
IricipIricip 100 Mg Injection1401.09
IrinotelIrinotel 100 Mg Injection3205.0
IrinotrazIrinotraz 100 Mg Injection4081.63
IrnocamIrnocam 100 Mg Injection3704.31
IrnocelIrnocel 100 Mg Injection4095.0
RinotecRinotec 100 Mg Injection3562.5
ErticanErtican 40 Mg Injection81.11
5 Flucel5 Flucel 250 Mg Injection12.0
ChemofluraChemoflura 250 Mg Injection10.4
FivocilFivocil 250 Mg Injection11.7
FivofluFivoflu 250 Mg Injection15.0
FlocilFlocil 250 Mg Injection29.03
FloracFlorac 250 Mg Injection11.07
FluoncoFluonco 250 Mg Injection69.0
FluracilFluracil 250 Mg Injection12.04
KucilKucil 250 Mg Injection12.5
OncoflourOncoflour 250 Mg Injection13.5
BiovorinBiovorin 50 Mg Injection121.25
FastovorinFastovorin 50 Mg Injection325.0
LeucoparLeucopar 15 Mg Injection96.15
LeucovorinLeucovorin 15 Mg Injection297.0
Leucovorin (Dabur)Leucovorin 15 Mg Injection98.0
RecovorinRecovorin 15 Mg Injection95.63
LyomitLyomit 10 Mg Injection430.83
Mitomycin CMitomycin C 10 Mg Injection522.0
OncocinOncocin 10 Mg Injection333.33
ErbituxErbitux 100 Mg Infusion94544.4
FlonidaFlonida 1% W/W Cream78.0
FluoFluo Cream120.21
Avastin (Psycormedies)Avastin Injection37373.8
Avastin (Roche)Avastin 100 Mg Injection29423.0
ResihanceResihance 40 Mg Tablet36730.47
Calcium LeucovorinCalcium Leucovorin 15 Mg Injection100.95
LucalLucal 15 Mg Injection95.23
UnifolinUnifolin 0.5 Mg Injection275.0

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