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What is prostate cancer?

One of the most common types of cancers among men, prostate cancer refers to the uncontrolled growth of cells in the small gland of the reproductive system called prostate.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Prostate cancer may not show any signs or symptoms till advanced stages are reached.  In some cases, certain signs are considered as indications of underlying cancer. These signs and symptoms are:

  • Pain while urinating or a burning sensation.
  • Difficutly in getting an erection.
  • Passing of blood in urine or in semen.
  • Pain in the rectum or in areas of the pelvis, thighs, or hips.
  • Dribbling of urine.
  • Difficulty in initiating a stream of urine.

What are the main causes?

The main cause resulting in prostate cancer is not clear but there are many common factors which indicate the causative mechanism of cancer of the prostate. Mutation in the DNA leads to an uncontrolled growth of cells in the prostate resulting in this condition.

One important factor is the imbalance between oncogenes and tumour suppressor genes. Oncogenes are responsible for the growth of cancerous cells in the body and the tumour suppressor genes slow down the growth or result in the death of the cancerous cells at the right time to prevent any tumorous growth.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

The most definitive and sure test for the presence of a prostate cancer is a biopsy performed by a urologist.

Other tests include a digital rectal exam (DRE) test and a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test. However, they do not confirm cancer in the prostate, as the growth may also be a result of other infections or non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate.

Treatment for prostate cancer is mostly successful. Some of the medications and treatments offered are:

  • Radiation therapy – The doctors direct radiations like gamma rays to the cancerous cells.
  • Surgery – An attempt is made to surgically remove the tumor at early stages in conditions where the tumor hasn’t spread and is small.
  • Chemotherapy – Chemotherapy is helpful for the treatment of cancer in advanced cases where it has spread.
  • Medications – Certain medications can also be administered to curb the growth of the cancerous cells.
  1. Medicines for Prostate Cancer
  2. Doctors for Prostate Cancer
Dr. Susovan Banerjee

Dr. Susovan Banerjee

ऑन्कोलॉजी

Dr. Rajeev Agarwal

Dr. Rajeev Agarwal

ऑन्कोलॉजी

Dr. Nitin Sood

Dr. Nitin Sood

ऑन्कोलॉजी

Medicines for Prostate Cancer

Medicines listed below are available for Prostate Cancer. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
TaxotereTaxotere 20 Mg Injection2332
Dc FillDc Fill 120 Mg Injection12000
CalutideCalutide 50 Mg Tablet329
Duoluton L TabletDuoluton L 0.25 Mg/0.05 Mg Tablet134
DocaxDocax 120 Mg Injection1860
CasodexCASODEX 50MG TABLET 14Nos761
Loette TabletLoette Tablet155
DocecadDocecad 120 Mg Injection13083
CassotideCassotide 50 Mg Tablet0
Ovilow TabletOvilow 0.02 Mg/0.1 Mg Tablet72
DocefrezDocefrez 20 Mg Injection2332
Tabi TabletTabi 50 mg 30 Tablets967
DocenatDocenat 120 Mg Injection12000
UtamideUtamide 50 Mg Tablet292
Ovral G TabletOvral G 0.05 Mg/0.5 Mg Tablet155
DoceparDocepar 120 Mg Injection12000
ZylutaZyluta 50 Mg Tablet281
Ovral L TabletOvral L 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet56
DocetaxDocetax 120 Mg Injection5600
AbluAblu 50 Mg Tablet0
Suvida TabletSuvida 0.3 Mg/0.03 Mg Tablet24
DocetecDocetec 120 Mg Injection12232
BicalproBicalpro 50 Mg Tablet352
Triquilar TabletTriquilar Tablet96

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

References

  1. Prostate Cancer Foundation, Santa Monica [Internet]; About Prostate Cancer
  2. National Health Service [Internet]. UK; Prostate cancer.
  3. Prostate Cancer Foundation of Australia [Internet]; What you need to know about prostate cancer
  4. National Cancer Institute [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Prostate Cancer—Patient Version
  5. National Cancer Institute [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Treatment Choices for Men With Early-Stage Prostate Cancer
  6. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Prostate Cancer
  7. Center for Disease Control and Prevention [internet], Atlanta (GA): US Department of Health and Human Services; Prostate Cancer

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