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What is cystitis?

Cystitis is a common infection that leads to inflammation of the urinary bladder. It is an infection of the lower urinary tract and is more commonly seen in women as compared to men. It is the leading cause of hospitalisation, affecting people in the age group of 25 years and above. There are more than 20 million people having cystitis worldwide.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Common signs and symptoms may include:

What are its main causes?

It is most often caused due to a bacterial infection. Left untreated, this infection can travel upwards and affect the kidneys leading to pyelonephritis. Females can get infected more frequently than men due to the short size of their urethra.

Other causes include:

  • Defect in the bladder mechanisms.
  • Any foreign material that irritates the bladder.
  • Nerve dysfunction of the bladder.
  • Immune system disorder may lead to cystitis.
  • Bladder stone

Rarely, it may result due to drugs, radiation therapy or specific irritants like hygiene sprays for females or by the use of spermicides. Catheter-associated urinary tract infections are also common.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Initially, symptoms, their duration, and impact on daily routine may be assessed to rule out other possible conditions. The diagnosis may include:

  • Physical and neurological tests
  • Pain assessment and urine voiding tests
  • Urine analysis
  • Urine culture
  • Cystoscopy – using a camera-fitted tube to look inside the urinary bladder
  • Imaging studies like ultrasonography and X-ray of the pelvis

Treatment for cystitis includes use of antibiotics to eradicate the organism. For a mild infection, antibiotic course may not go beyond 3 days for females and 7-14 days for males. It is mandatory that the full antibiotic course is taken, even if symptoms start getting better. Over-the-counter medicines and certain acidic products like ascorbic acid may be effective due to acidic nature that kills the infectious agents.

Lifestyle modifications include:

  • Have plenty of water
  • Maintain thorough personal hygiene of the intimate area to prevent infections
  • Make a list of foods that cause discomfort and avoid them.
  • Avoid certain foods like spicy food, chocolate and caffeine.
  • Increase bladder capacity by trying to hold the urine while urinating.
  • After urinating, especially females should wipe from front to back to avoid the spread of infection from anus to urethra.
  • Use of showers instead of bathtub can reduce infection.

Cystitis may become uncomfortable if left unattended but usually, it can be treated easily and effectively with appropriate treatment.

  1. Medicines for Cystitis

Medicines for Cystitis

Medicines listed below are available for Cystitis. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
CiploxCIPLOX 03% EYE/EAR DROPS 5ML12
CifranCIFRAN 750MG TABLET 10S44
NifutinNifutin 100 Mg Tablet78
NeocipNEOCIP SUSPENSION 60ML0
NitfurNitfur 100 Mg Tablet30
NeofloxNeoflox 500 Mg Capsule40
NitroNitro 100 Mg Capsule88
NewcipNewcip 500 Mg Tablet52
Nitro FNitro F 100 Mg Tablet58
NircipNircip 500 Mg Infusion15
NitrofurNITROFUR SR TABLET 14S102
Nucipro (Numed)Nucipro 250 Mg Tablet28
Nitrostar (Akuments)Nitrostar 100 Mg Tablet Sr59
OlbidOlbid 250 Mg Tablet27
TroydantinTROYDANTIN 100MG TABLET 10S69
OmnifloxOmniflox 250 Mg Tablet28
UribidURIBID 100MG TABLET 10S174
ADEL 36 Pollon DropADEL 36 Pollon Drop200
PerifloxPeriflox 500 Mg Tablet53
UrifurUrifur 100 Mg Tablet Sr0
PicPic 250 Mg Tablet29
UrinifUrinif 100 Mg Tablet34
Q BidQ Bid 250 Mg Tablet30

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

References

  1. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Cystitis - acute
  2. Open Access Publisher. Cystitis. [Internet]
  3. Urology Care Foundation. Lifestyle Changes to Help Control Interstitial Cystitis Symptoms. [Internet]
  4. Mount Nittany Health. Treating Interstitial Cystitis Lifestyle Changes. [Internet]
  5. Interstitial Cystitis Association. FOODS TO AVOID. Desert Harvest; [Internet[
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