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What is a fractured foot?

Fracture of the foot is one of the most commonly occurring fractures. The foot consists of 26 bones, which can be fractured due to direct blow or accidents. The bones of the foot may get fractured due to a simple misstep or fall which is usually not taken seriously. Most common foot fractures are seen in the bones of the toes (phalanges), followed by metatarsal fractures (five bones located between the phalanges of the toes and the hind- and mid-foot bones). The most frequent metatarsal fracture occurs in the fifth metatarsal bone, which connects to the little toe.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Most common symptoms of a fractured foot include:

  • Pain
  • Swelling at the fracture site
  • Difficulty in movement of the fractured foot

Other symptoms include:

  • Bruising or discolouration of the foot that extends to areas around the fracture site
  • Pain on walking or when lifting heavy objects
  • Pain that is aggravated by physical activities and alleviates on resting
  • Tenderness
  • Deformity

What are the main causes?

Common causes of a foot fracture include:

Direct trauma or injury: Crushing injuries sustained in vehicle accidents, tripping or falling, injury sustained on jumping from a height and landing on your feet, falling of a heavy object on your foot can lead to a foot fracture.

Other causes include:

  • Stress fracture due to repeated trauma or overuse
  • Fracture due to a misstep
  • Trauma sustained on hitting a toe on a piece of furniture/heavy object while walking
  • Twisting the ankle may also cause a foot fracture

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Diagnosis of a fractured foot involves physical examination of the bones and joints of the foot. Assessment of fracture is done by palpating the foot and a neurovascular examination (examination of the nerves and blood vessels of the foot).

Investigations include:

  • X-ray
  • Ultrasonography

Prognosis and treatment depend on the site of the fracture and its severity. Therefore, healing time may vary from four weeks to as long as 10 to 12 weeks.

Splints and cast along with restricted physical activity will help to heal the fractured bone in most cases.

A fractured toe may be buddy-taped to another toe in order to relieve the pressure and pain.

If the fractured segment appears deformed and out of place, your doctor will reduce and fix the misaligned bone under anaesthesia. If the fracture is an open fracture where the bone pierces the skin, surgery may be required to fix.

A foot fracture that occurs in the fifth metatarsal bone between the base and the shaft of the bone is called a Jones fracture. It is a serious fracture for which the healing can be very slow and may even require surgical intervention.

Self-care:

  • Keep the affected foot elevated.
  • Use cold compresses to alleviate pain.
  • Reduce weightbearing.
  1. Medicines for Fractured Foot
  2. Doctors for Fractured Foot
Dr. Vivek Dahiya

Dr. Vivek Dahiya

ओर्थोपेडिक्स

Dr. Vipin Chand Tyagi

Dr. Vipin Chand Tyagi

ओर्थोपेडिक्स

Dr. Vineesh Mathur

Dr. Vineesh Mathur

ओर्थोपेडिक्स

Medicines for Fractured Foot

Medicines listed below are available for Fractured Foot. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Oxalgin DpOxalgin Dp 50 Mg/325 Mg Tablet27
Diclogesic RrDiclogesic Rr 75 Mg Injection25
DivonDIVON GEL 10GM0
VoveranVOVERAN 1% EMULGEL 30GM105
EnzoflamEnzoflam 50 Mg/325 Mg/15 Mg Tablet91
DolserDolser 400 Mg/50 Mg Tablet Mr0
Renac SpRenac Sp Tablet51
Dicser PlusDicser Plus 50 Mg/10 Mg/500 Mg Tablet46
D P ZoxD P Zox 50 Mg/325 Mg/250 Mg Tablet20
Unofen KUnofen K 50 Mg Tablet0
ExflamExflam 1.16%W/W Gel48
Rid SRid S 50 Mg/10 Mg Capsule32
Diclonova PDiclonova P 25 Mg/500 Mg Tablet13
Dil Se PlusDil Se Plus 50 Mg/10 Mg/325 Mg Tablet44
Dynaford MrDynaford Mr 50 Mg/325 Mg/250 Mg Tablet29
ValfenValfen 100 Mg Injection10
FeganFegan Eye Drop16
RolosolRolosol 50 Mg/10 Mg Tablet67
DiclopalDiclopal 50 Mg/500 Mg Tablet16
DipseeDipsee Gel57
FlexicamFlexicam 50 Mg/325 Mg/250 Mg Tablet25
VivianVivian 1.16% Gel0
I GesicI Gesic 0.1% Eye Drop26
Rolosol ERolosol E 50 Mg/10 Mg Capsule51
DicloparaDiclopara 50 Mg/500 Mg Tablet0

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

References

  1. Orthoinfo [internet]. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Rosemont, Illinois. Toe and Forefoot Fractures.
  2. MedlinePlus Medical: US National Library of Medicine; Metatarsal fracture (acute): Aftercare
  3. Cedars-Sinai Medical Center. Ankle Fractures. Los Angeles, California. [internet].
  4. Barts Health. Patient information: Ankle or foot fracture. National health service. [internet].
  5. American Academy of Family Physicians [Internet]. Kansas, United States; Diagnosis and Management of Common Foot Fractures
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