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Frequent urination during pregnancy

Dr. Ayush PandeyMBBS

November 30, 2018

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Frequent urination during pregnancy
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What is frequent urination during pregnancy?

Frequent urination is one of the most common and earliest symptoms of pregnancy. It begins in the first few weeks of the first trimester and, for most women, continues late into pregnancy.

What are its main associated signs and symptoms?

  • The tendency to urinate frequently during pregnancy differs from one woman to another. Some expectant mothers may experience frequent bouts of urination throughout their pregnancy, while some may not feel it at all.
  • The tendency may reduce during the second trimester, only to increase in the third trimester due to the increased pressure of the growing baby on the bladder.
  • Frequent urination in pregnant women is also associated with urinary tract infection (UTI), which is a common infection in expectant mothers.

What are the main causes?

  • As the uterus expands to accommodate the growing foetus, it exerts pressure on the urinary bladder, leading to increased bouts of urination in pregnant women.
  • During pregnancy, there are drastic hormonal changes in the body, which also affect the kidney and bladder and result in frequent urination.
  • As the blood volume in the body increases, the kidneys react by producing more fluids. This means that there is more volume in the bladder and the urge to empty it is more frequent.
  • This symptom is also associated with pregnancy-induced diabetes, otherwise called gestational diabetes.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

This is generally a normal symptom during pregnancy. However, if you experience any pain, bleeding or change in the colour of the urine, it is best to inform your doctor.

  • If necessary, a blood investigation, urine investigation and other tests may be advised.
  • If you also experience nausea, gestational diabetes must be ruled out.

Since it is a normal phenomenon, frequent urination requires no treatment in the absence of other symptoms.

  • If there is an infection, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics that are safe during pregnancy.
  • To control frequent urination, avoid drinks containing caffeine.
  • Pelvic exercises help to gain control of the bladder muscles during pregnancy.



References

  1. Science Direct (Elsevier) [Internet]; URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS DURING PREGNANCY
  2. Herniette Jorien Van Brummen. What is the effect of overactive bladder symptoms on woman's quality of life during and after first pregnancy?. 17 January 2006; [Internet]
  3. Kun-Ling Lin et al. Comparison of Low Urinary Tract Symptoms during Pregnancy between Primiparous and Multiparous Women. Biomed Res Int. 2014; 2014: 303697. PMID: 25431763
  4. SE Adaji et al. Bothersome lower urinary symptoms during pregnancy: a preliminary study using the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire. Afr Health Sci. 2011 Aug; 11(Suppl 1): S46–S52. PMID: 22135644
  5. Martínez Franco E et al. Urinary incontinence during pregnancy. Is there a difference between first and third trimester?. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2014 Nov;182:86-90. PMID: 25262291

Medicines for Frequent urination during pregnancy

Medicines listed below are available for Frequent urination during pregnancy. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

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