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What are Gallbladder Stones?

The gallbladder is present on the right side of the abdominal cavity and has an appearance of a pear. Gallstones or cholelithiasis are hardened stone-like deposits of calcium and other salts inside the gallbladder.

The deposits can obstruct gall bladder ducts, causing pain and other symptoms. Occasionally, you may not realise you have stones in your gallbladder until the symptoms manifest.

What are the main signs and symptoms?

In many cases, gallstones are asymptomatic. They may remain silent in the gallbladder for a long time. However, symptoms appear once the stones obstruct a duct. These include

There are two types of stones:

  • Cholesterol stones
  • Pigment stones

What are the main causes?

  • Excessive cholesterol in the bile can cause cholesterol stones. If bile contains excessive cholesterol, it remains undissolved and hardens to form stones.
  • The bile contains a pigment called bilirubin. In some disorders of the liver or in blood cell diseases, excessive bilirubin is formed, leading to the formation of pigment stones.
  • If the gallbladder is not functioning correctly, its contents do not get emptied and accumulate to form stones.
  • Some risk factors include diabetes, hormonal imbalances, obesity, and oral contraceptives.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

The physician will assess your symptoms and then advise a CT scan or an ultrasound to look for stones. Diagnosis includes a liver function test to check the health of the liver and gallbladder. A bile duct obstruction is checked using a special dye flowing through the duct and visualized under an X-ray. Blood investigations also help check for any associated complications and infections.

If a patient with gallstones is asymptomatic, no treatment is required. The removal of the gallbladder through surgery is the most preferred way to tackle gallstones that have a tendency to recur. The absence of the gallbladder after removal does not affect any physiological functions of the body. Rarely, medicines are used to dissolve the stones. However, these are not as effective as the surgical approach, and the recurrence rate is high.

  1. Homeopathic medicine, treatment and remedies for Gallbladder Stones
  2. Medicines for Gallbladder Stones
  3. Doctors for Gallbladder Stones
Dr. Suraj Bhagat

Dr. Suraj Bhagat

गैस्ट्रोएंटरोलॉजी

Dr. Smruti Ranjan Mishra

Dr. Smruti Ranjan Mishra

गैस्ट्रोएंटरोलॉजी

Dr. Sankar Narayanan

Dr. Sankar Narayanan

गैस्ट्रोएंटरोलॉजी

Medicines for Gallbladder Stones

Medicines listed below are available for Gallbladder Stones. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
UrsocolURSOCOL 450MG TABLET SR 10S220
Udiliv TabletUdiliv 150 mg Tablet237
ADEL 34 Ailgeno DropADEL 34 Ailgeno Drop200
SBL Eupatorium cannabinum DilutionSBL Eupatorium cannabinum Dilution 1000 CH86
SBL Carduus marianus Mother Tincture QSBL Carduus marianus Mother Tincture Q 98
Schwabe Anthamantha oreoselinum CHSchwabe Anthamantha oreoselinum 12 CH96
Bjain Carduus marianus DilutionBjain Carduus marianus Dilution 1000 CH63
UdimarinUDIMARIN TABLET280
SBL Nitri spiritus dulcis DilutionSBL Nitri spiritus dulcis Dilution 1000 CH86
Dr. Reckeweg Leptandra DilutionDr. Reckeweg Leptandra Dilution 1000 CH136
Schwabe Anthamantha oreoselinum MTSchwabe Anthamantha oreoselinum MT 284
Bjain Nitri spiritus dulcis DilutionBjain Nitri spiritus dulcis Dilution 1000 CH63
Dr. Reckeweg Carduus Mar.QDr. Reckeweg Carduus Mar.Q 176
Bjain Carduus marianus Mother Tincture QBjain Carduus marianus Mother Tincture Q 239
ActimarinActimarin 70 Mg/150 Mg Tablet160
Bjain Eupatorium cannabinum DilutionBjain Eupatorium cannabinum Dilution 1000 CH63
Gemiuro PlusGemiuro Plus Tablet0
Udimarin ForteUdimarin Forte 140 Mg/300 Mg Tablet0
UdiplusUdiplus 140 Mg/300 Mg Tablet280
Schwabe Eupatorium cannabinum CHSchwabe Eupatorium cannabinum 1000 CH96
Ulyses PlusUlyses Plus 140 Mg/300 Mg Tablet296
UdibonUdibon 140 Mg/300 Mg Tablet344
Urdohep SlURDOHEP SL TABLET240

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References

  1. Abbas Sedaghat. Cholesterol Crystals and the Formation of Cholesterol Gallstones. Massachusetts Medical Society; England
  2. Grotemeyer et al. [Gallstones - Causes and Consequences].. Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 2016 Nov;141(23):1677-1682. PMID: 27855456
  3. Gabriel E Njeze. Gallstones. Niger J Surg. 2013 Jul-Dec; 19(2): 49–55. PMID: 24497751
  4. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Gallstones
  5. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Gallstones - discharge
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