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What are nausea and vomiting?

Nausea and vomiting are commonly observed symptoms associated mostly with gut diseases, some conditions which are painful and side effects of some medicines. Many times, these symptoms are seen as an after-effect of general anaesthesia. Vomiting is the emptying of stomach contents through the mouth while nausea is the uneasy feeling that is experienced before vomiting. Both the conditions are treatable, and generally, they do not indicate a serious health problem.

What are its main associated signs and symptoms?

Nausea and vomiting are signs indicating some disease condition; however, the following symptoms are seen along with nausea and vomiting:

What are the main causes?

Nausea and vomiting can be experienced due to a number of causes as follows:

How is it diagnosed and treated?

There could be a wide array of causes for nausea and vomiting, hence finding the exact cause of these symptoms will help with treating them successfully. A detailed medical and personal history helps in understanding the possible reason for the occurrence of these symptoms, and generally, other specific symptoms can suggest the underlying cause of the disease. Imaging studies, blood tests or tests for a specific disease can be carried out to find out the disease condition.

In most cases, vomiting is self-limiting and stops after the stomach contents are expelled out but sometimes treatment is required. Treatment includes taking care not only of nausea and vomiting but also treating the underlying cause. The following treatment is usually advised.

  • Anti-nausea and anti-emetic drugs. If you are pregnant, you should take medication only after consulting your gynaecologist.
  • Preventive anti-motion sickness medication.
  • Rehydration therapy to replenish the lost fluids in the form of an oral rehydration solution or intravenous fluid infusion.
  • Some natural remedies like holding a small piece of ginger or clove in the mouth can relieve you of nausea.

Taking small meals and drinking water after meals rather than with meals can help you avoid nausea. If vomiting is not controlled with medicines and persists for a long time, see your doctor without delay.

  1. Medicines for Nausea and Vomiting
  2. Doctors for Nausea and Vomiting
Dr. Manjunath J.V.

Dr. Manjunath J.V.

सामान्य चिकित्सा

Dr. Balaji K

Dr. Balaji K

सामान्य चिकित्सा

Dr. Yatin Aggarwal (Testing Account)

Dr. Yatin Aggarwal (Testing Account)

सामान्य चिकित्सा

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References

  1. Prashant Singh et al. Nausea: a review of pathophysiology and therapeutics. Therap Adv Gastroenterol. 2016 Jan; 9(1): 98–112. PMID: 26770271
  2. Chepyala P,Olden K. Nausea and vomiting. Curr Treat Options Gastroenterol, 2008;11: 135–144. PMID: 18321441
  3. E.Collis. Nausea and vomiting in palliative care. Clinical Review, BMJ 2015; 351. PMID: 26635303
  4. Frese et al. Nausea and Vomiting as the Reasons for Encounter in General Practice. J Clin Med Res. 2011 Feb;3(1):23-9. PMID: 22043268
  5. National Cancer Institute [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Nausea and Vomiting Related to Cancer Treatment .

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