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What is hypersomnia?

Hypersomnia is a chronic nervous system disorder wherein one may experience prolonged night-time sleep or excessive daytime sleepiness. Unlike those who feel tired due to inadequate or disturbed sleep, a person suffering from hypersomnia feels compelled to take long naps during the day even after a full night’s sleep. Hypersomnia is often associated with other diseases and impacts the everyday life of patients.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Most common symptoms:

  • Constant complaint of excessive daytime sleep or sleepiness
  • One feels the need to take repeated naps at inappropriate times such as while working, eating or even in the middle of conversations.
  • Daytime naps do not reduce the symptom of excessive sleepiness, and one may often feel disoriented or groggy after a long nap.

Other symptoms:

  • Anxiety
  • Increased irritation
  • Restlessness
  • Reduced energy
  • A slow thought process and speech that persist through the day
  • Loss of appetite
  • Difficulty functioning at family or social gatherings and in occupational settings

What are its main causes?

Like most neurological disorders, the cause of hypersomnia is not well known. However, there is evidence of overproduction of a certain molecule in the body that interacts with a hormone in the brain and promotes sleepiness.

Common causes include:

  • Sleep disorders like narcolepsy and sleep apnea
  • Dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system
  • Drug or alcohol abuse

Other causes include:

  • Tumours
  • Injury of the brain or central nervous system
  • Certain medications or withdrawal of certain drugs may lead to hypersomnia such as antidepressants, anxiety lowering agents, antihistaminics, and more
  • Disorders like multiple sclerosis, depression, encephalitis, epilepsy or obesity may contribute to hypersomnia
  • There is evidence of a genetic predisposition contributing to hypersomnia. In such cases, hypersomnia is usually recognised before adulthood.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

A thorough medical history in the presence of a family member to assess symptoms and sleep habits will aid in the diagnosis.

  • Medications may have to be stopped in order to rule out medications as the cause of hypersomnia.
  • You will be advised tests to diagnose any underlying medical conditions.

Investigations for hypersomnia include:

  • An overnight sleep test or polysomnography (PSG) test
  • Multiple sleep latency test (MSLT)
  • Maintenance of wakefulness test

Treatment of hypersomnia is based on providing symptomatic relief and treating the underlying cause

  • Medications include antidepressants and wakefulness-promoting agents
  • Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is also found to be helpful in some patients with hypersomnia

Self-care:

  • Avoid factors that disturb the sleeping pattern such as working till late in the night or social activities at night.
  • Alcohol and caffeine should be avoided.
  1. Medicines for Hypersomnia
  2. Doctors for Hypersomnia
Dr. Swati Narang

Dr. Swati Narang

न्यूरोलॉजी

Dr. Megha Tandon

Dr. Megha Tandon

न्यूरोलॉजी

Dr. Shakti Mishra

Dr. Shakti Mishra

न्यूरोलॉजी

Medicines for Hypersomnia

Medicines listed below are available for Hypersomnia. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
ApnicafApnicaf Injection849.18
CafirateCafirate 20 Mg Injection346.0
CapneaCapnea 20 Mg Injection473.0
AchridAchrid 400 Mg/325 Mg/30 Mg Tablet8.25
Ibutran PlusIbutran Plus 400 Mg/500 Mg/25 Mg Tablet17.13
Imol PlusImol Plus Tablet11.2
IpeceeIpecee 400 Mg/500 Mg/65 Mg Tablet7.71
ActicratActicrat Tablet19.05
Allegone ColdAllegone Cold Tablet0.0
Cetriliv AcCetriliv Ac Tablet0.0
Lcz ColdLcz Cold Syrup62.7
VotcoldVotcold Tablet0.0
AkuminicAkuminic 5 Mg/2 Mg Syrup47.8
AncerAncer Tablet49.5
CoscoldCoscold Tablet65.5
Elfecol TabletElfecol Tablet46.11
Imol ColdImol Cold 325 Tablet54.5
L Dio PlusL Dio Plus Tablet27.47
NozexlNozexl Tablet54.0
NozukaNozuka Tablet37.5
Pa ColdPa Cold Tablet31.33
Respicure TabRespicure Tab Tablet40.0
Wikoryl LWikoryl L Tablet45.55
Zincold LpZincold Lp Tablet32.37
Aekil ColdAekil Cold Tablet15.37
LaryLary Tablet26.0
M Cold PlusM Cold Plus 125 Mg/12.5 Mg/1 G Syrup12.38
Toff PlusToff Plus Capsule69.95
ApihistApihist Tablet0.0
B HoldB Hold Tablet0.0
DeconginDecongin Tablet0.0
FluridFlurid Tablet0.0
RemcoldRemcold Tablet20.75
Rupar Cold TabletRupar Cold Tablet0.0
TerexTerex Tablet0.0
Alex ColdAlex Cold Tablet41.5
AlmoletAlmolet Tablet6.0
AnadeconAnadecon Tablet16.83
Anti CcAnti Cc 125 Mg/30 Mg/2 Mg Drop39.65
AzirestAzirest Tablet31.0
ColdarestColdarest Syrup26.1
Colgin PlusColgin Plus Tablet33.0
ColpepColpep Drop44.0
CozitusCozitus Tablet23.75
Cozy Plus TabletCozy Plus Tablet29.95
Cr ColdCr Cold Tablet46.71
Diominic DcaDiominic Dca Tablet26.56
FebrihistFebrihist Tablet14.15
HistarineHistarine 1 Mg/125 Mg/2.5 Mg Syrup49.95
Instaryl ColdInstaryl Cold Syrup26.92
Koltus P TabletKoltus P Tablet25.5
MaxacoldMaxacold Tablet13.32
NasorylNasoryl Tablet15.31
NesorylNesoryl Tablet17.5
NezaNeza Tablet21.1
Rinostat PlusRinostat Plus Tablet23.8
SinurhonSinurhon Tablet335.67
SnizofSnizof Tablet17.6
Wincold CzWincold Cz Tablet27.0
Xykaa PlusXykaa Plus Tablet25.0
YashcoldYashcold Tablet28.6
ZocoldZocold Suspension38.75
Correctal PlusCorrectal Plus Tablet0.0
Cz PlusCz Plus Tablet24.0
Laveta ColdLaveta Cold Tablet38.5
Dolopar PlusDolopar Plus Capsule26.66
Metacin ExsMetacin Exs Tablet17.28
Novalgin NuNovalgin Nu 50 Mg/650 Mg Tablet21.99
Pacimol ActivePacimol Active 50 Mg/650 Mg Tablet27.0
StopacheStopache Tablet11.0
ZimalginZimalgin 15 Mg/500 Mg Tablet21.9
Cafigesic TabletCafigesic Tablet14.43
Crocin Pain ReliefCrocin Pain Relief Tablet44.9
Combiflam PlusCombiflam Plus Tablet21.99
Carisoma CompoundCarisoma Compound Tablet23.45
Ctz PlusCtz Plus 10 Mg/10 Mg/20 Mg Tablet30.0
ColdarinColdarin Tablet16.25
AnacinAnacin 400 Mg/30 Mg Tablet447.32
MicropyrinMicropyrin Tablet3.13
D Cold TotalD Cold Total Tablet0.0
Lemolate (Morepen)Lemolate 325 Mg/32 Mg/10 Mg Tablet0.0
Crocin Cold &Amp; Flu MaxCrocin Cold &Amp; Flu Max Tablet45.32
Dolo ColdNew Dolo Cold Tablet29.5
Dolopar CcDolopar Cc Tablet20.17
Lemolate PlusLemolate Plus Tablet32.0
Parasuit Cnf TabletParasuit Cnf Tablet20.0
NutrolNutrol Syrup28.67
SneecureSneecure Tablet9.62
PanjonPanjon 250 Mg/250 Mg/5 Mg Tablet20.0
Quick Action (Kopran Ltd)Quick Action Tablet15.91
RhinoRhino Tablet38.65
TalicoldTalicold Tablet21.25
Sinarest LpSinarest Lp Tablet72.06
Lecet PlusLecet Plus Tablet22.5
PilcoldPilcold Tablet7.98
Sneecure ExtraSneecure Extra Tablet30.0
Skyryl PlusSkyryl Plus Tablet0.0
Maxtra ColdMaxtra Cold Tablet49.5
Nicip Cold &Amp; FluNicip Cold &Amp; Flu Tablet51.5
Nimupan Cold FluNimupan Cold Flu Tablet43.0
Sneezy Cold &Amp; FluNew Sneezy Cold &Amp; Flu Tablet21.0
VasograinVasograin Tablet72.5
Vicks ActionVicks Action Tablet28.75
Glycodin ActivGlycodin Activ Tablet70.0

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