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What are insect bites and stings?

Insect bites and stings are extremely common and can occur at home or outdoors. In many cases, the bites and stings subside within a few hours or days and do not evolve into serious conditions. In some cases, however, you may experience a severe reaction or even have an illness like malaria or Lyme disease.

What are the main signs and symptoms?

While there are typical signs that each insect bite or sting can cause, there are some general symptoms common to most bites and stings caused by insects. You will usually find a small lump or bump in the skin which is red. The site of the insect bite or sting can be irritable, itchy or even quite painful. In some cases, there may be a lot of heat generated at the site, or even a feeling of numbness. A simple bite can be cared for at home. The most pronounced signs may clear away in a few hours, and all traces will be gone in a day or so. Those who are highly sensitive to bites and stings may experience what is known as an anaphylactic shock, where the throat feels constricted and breathing becomes difficult.

What are its main causes?

The most common insect bites and stings include those caused by wasps, ticks, fleas, bedbugs, mosquitoes, bees and hornets. When bitten or stung by one of these insects, venom is injected into the body, and the body responds by producing one of the symptoms we commonly see. When the venom contains any infection-causing germs, the person may suffer from a disease.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

It is fairly easy for a doctor to diagnose an insect bite or sting upon examination, although it may prove useful if the person is able to identify the insect they were bitten by.

Most insect bites and stings only require simple home care. Washing the area thoroughly, using an ice pack to relieve the irritation and heat or even applying a soothing cream can provide instant relief. If there is persistent itching, a paste made of baking soda and water can be applied.

If the symptoms and condition of the person are serious, immediate medical care must be given. This includes loosening the clothing, turning the victim onto a side or even performing CPR. In the case of bee stings, removing the stinger is important to prevent further absorption of the venom.

Anti-histamines and painkillers can help reduce the pain, swelling and itching.

  1. Medicines for Insect bites and stings
  2. Doctors for Insect bites and stings
Dr. Gaurav Chauhan

Dr. Gaurav Chauhan

सामान्य चिकित्सा

Dr. Sushila Kataria

Dr. Sushila Kataria

सामान्य चिकित्सा

Dr. Sanjay Mittal

Dr. Sanjay Mittal

सामान्य चिकित्सा

Medicines for Insect bites and stings

Medicines listed below are available for Insect bites and stings. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
OtorexOtorex Drop60
ADEL 36 Pollon DropADEL 36 Pollon Drop200
Schwabe Anthracinum CHSchwabe Anthracinum 10M CH148
Schwabe Ocimum basilicum MTSchwabe Ocimum basilicum MT 68
Schwabe Origanum vulgare MTSchwabe Origanum vulgare MT 88
Dr. Reckeweg Caladium Seg. QDr. Reckeweg Caladium Seg. Q 252
Soliwax Ear DropSoliwax Ear Drop96
Bjain Brassica Oleracea Mother Tincture QBjain Brassica Oleracea Mother Tincture Q 143
Bjain Caladium seguinum Mother Tincture QBjain Caladium seguinum Mother Tincture Q 407
SBL Caladium seguinum DilutionSBL Caladium seguinum Dilution 1000 CH86
Dr. Reckeweg anthracinum DilutionDr. Reckeweg anthracinum Dilution 1000 CH136
SBL Ocimum basilicum DilutionSBL Ocimum basilicum Dilution 1000 CH86

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others


  1. National Health Service [Internet] NHS inform; Scottish Government; Overview - Insect bites and stings.
  2. The Johns Hopkins University. [Internet]. Baltimore, Maryland, United States; Bites and Stings: Insects.
  3. American Academy of Pediatrics. [Internet]. Washington, D.C, United States; Identifying Insect Bites and Stings.
  4. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Insect Bites and Stings.
  5. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Insect bites and stings.

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