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What is laryngitis?

Inflammation of the larynx and the vocal cords is referred to as laryngitis. The voice becomes hoarse due to improper vibration of the vocal cords. Studies show that the prevalence is highest in the age group of 30-50 years. The incidence of chronic laryngitis is 3.5 per 1000 population.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The major symptoms include:

Complications can arise when stomach acids reach the larynx causing laryngitis due to acid reflux.

What are its main causes?

The major cause of laryngitis is a viral or bacterial infection, although cases of viral laryngitis are more. Straining the vocal cords can exacerbate this condition. When it continues for more than 3 weeks, it is said to be chronic. Other causes of laryngitis are:

  • Use of cigarettes
  • Overconsumption of alcohol
  • Inhaled irritants like exhaust fumes, certain chemicals and smoke
  • Excessive strain to the vocal cords

How is it diagnosed and treated?

It is usually diagnosed by an assessment of the symptoms and a physical examination. The medical history may reveal the reason behind laryngitis. The larynx is usually examined using a laryngoscope.

Generally, the condition is self-limiting and resolves on its own. Depending on the causative agent, treatment is given. Viral infection may be treated with anti-viral drugs. If it is due to acid reflux, then anti-acidity drugs may provide relief.

Self-care tips:

  • Consume more fluids to flush out toxins
  • Avoid exposure to smoke
  • Gargle with warm saline
  • Rest your voice and avoid talking loud
  • Inhale steam to relieve a blocked nose
  • Do not use nasal decongestants as they tend to dry your throat

If these remedies do not work, consult your physician.

In severe cases, laryngitis may cause difficulty breathing and require intensive therapy.

  1. Medicines for Laryngitis
  2. Doctors for Laryngitis
Dr. Chintan Nishar

Dr. Chintan Nishar

ENT

Dr. K. K. Handa

Dr. K. K. Handa

ENT
21 Years of Experience

Dr. Aru Chhabra Handa

Dr. Aru Chhabra Handa

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24 Years of Experience

Dr. Yogesh Parmar

Dr. Yogesh Parmar

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5 Years of Experience

References

  1. DebaJyoti Roy, Nirupama Moran. The Evaluation of Hoarseness And Its Treatment. , Department of Otorhinolaryngology; e-ISSN: 2279-0853, p-ISSN: 2279-0861.Volume 16, Issue 8 Ver. I (Aug. 2017), PP 12-15
  2. Health On The Net. Laryngitis. [Internet]
  3. Edakkattil Rameshkumar, Tony Kalliath Rosmi. Prevalence of age, gender and pathological conditions of vocal cords leading to hoarseness of voice in a tertiary care hospital. Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Jubilee Mission Medical College and Research Institute, Thrissur, Kerala, India
  4. The Voice Foundation. Treatment. Philadelphia; [Internet]
  5. Gupta G, Mahajan K. Acute Laryngitis. Acute Laryngitis. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2019 Jan-.
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