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What are Leg Cramps during Pregnancy?

Leg cramps in pregnancy is an extremely common symptom and they are experienced by nearly 50% of pregnant women. Leg cramps usually occur in the evening or at night and are particularly common in the third trimester of pregnancy. They are painful, uncomfortable and may disrupt daily activities.

What are its main associated signs and symptoms?

Pregnancy is a stage where women experience several physical and mental changes, and leg cramps during pregnancy are generally not a  serious concern. They may not even have a clear cause. Other associated signs and symptoms seen with leg cramps include

Muscle pain usually lasts for a few seconds to a maximum of 10 minutes.

What are its main causes?

There is no specific cause for leg cramps during pregnancy; however, increased weight might be one of the reasons. Excess pressure on certain blood vessels due to the baby may reduce blood circulation in the legs. A cramp occurs when muscles suddenly contract. This also increases the risk of muscle strain. Certain mineral deficiencies like calcium and sodium may also trigger muscle cramps.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

A physician would usually diagnose the cause of the cramps by the presenting symptoms alone and physical examination.

Medicines may be prescribed for symptomatic relief, and mineral supplements may be included. In most cases, cramps are relieved extremely rapidly without much medical intervention.

Self-care tips:

  • Stretching of the calf muscles can help relieve calf cramps
  • Massages may ease out the pain
  • Plenty of water intake can help relieve muscle ache
  • Regular exercise can improve muscle cramps by reducing muscle and joint stiffness
  • Stockings can also be used to improve blood circulation.
  • Keeping your legs inclined can relieve intense pain
  • Heat applied externally can help in providing relief
  1. Medicines for Leg cramps during pregnancy

Medicines for Leg cramps during pregnancy

Medicines listed below are available for Leg cramps during pregnancy. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
DoloparDOLOPAR 25/500MG TABLET 10S33
Sumo LSUMO L 650MG TABLET22
PacimolPACIMOL 500MG TABLET 15Nos11
DoloDolo 100 MG Drop26
CombiflamCOMBIFLAM 60ML SYRUP24
Zerodol PZerodol-P Tablet32
Zerodol SpZerodol-SP Tablet59
Zerodol MRZerodol Mr 100 Mg/2 Mg Tablet Mr62
SumoSUMO GEL 15GM50
Calpol TabletCALPOL TABLET 1000S455
Samonec PlusSamonec Plus 100 Mg/500 Mg Tablet26
EbooEboo 500 Mg Tablet31
Hifenac P TabletHifenac P Tablet56
Eboo PlusEboo Plus 500 Mg Tablet104
IbicoxIbicox 100 Mg/500 Mg Tablet44
Serrint PSerrint P 100 Mg/500 Mg Tablet28
Eboo SpazEboo Spaz 500 Mg Tablet21
Ibicox MrIbicox Mr Tablet101
FabrimolFabrimol 250 Mg Suspension7
Iconac PIconac P 100 Mg/500 Mg Tablet30
Sioxx PlusSioxx Plus 100 Mg/500 Mg Tablet24
FebrexFEBREX 500MG TABLET 15S0
Inflanac PlusInflanac Plus 100 Mg/500 Mg Tablet20
Sistal ApSistal Ap Tablet59
FebrinilFebrinil 125 Mg Suspension20

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

References

  1. American Pregnancy Association. Pregnancy And Leg Cramps. [Internet]
  2. The Nemours Foundation. How Can I Relieve My Pregnancy Leg Cramps?. Larissa Hirsch; [Internet]
  3. Zhou K et al. Interventions for leg cramps during pregnancy. The Cochrane Collaboration; [Internet]
  4. The Open University. Leg cramps. England; [Internet]
  5. Cleveland Clinic. [Internet]. Cleveland, Ohio. Pregnancy: Having a Healthy Pregnancy
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