myUpchar प्लस+ के साथ पूरेे परिवार के हेल्थ खर्च पर भारी बचत

What is osteomyelitis?

An infection of the bone, osteomyelitis is typically caused by bacteria and can be acute or chronic. The infection leads to the inflammation of the bone.  

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The primary symptoms of this condition are:

  • Pain in the bones
  • Excessive sweating
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Uneasiness
  • Swelling
  • Feeling warm
  • Pain in the area of infection

What are the main causes?

Bacteria tend to be the most common cause of bone infections; however, the bone infection may also be caused by fungi and other germs. Staphylococcus is the commonest species known to produce osteomyelitis.

In osteomyelitis, the bacteria may spread to the nearest bone through infected skin or muscles.

However, there are certain medical conditions which also put one at risk of getting osteomyelitis.

These risk factors are:

How is it diagnosed and treated?

There are several tests which can be used for diagnosing this condition. These tests include:

  • Bone biopsy
  • Bone scans like CT scan, DEXA
  • X ray of the infected area
  • Examination of the symptoms
  • Complete blood count (CBC)
  • MRI of the bone

These tests also help in determining the severity of a bone infection.

The treatment options for osteomyelitis include the use of antibiotics. These medicines help in getting rid of the bacteria which is causing the infection. These antibiotics take about 4-6 weeks to work and must be taken regularly to get rid of the infection completely.

If the antibiotics do not work and the damage to the bone has been severe, then surgery may be required to remove the dead bone tissue and prevent the infection from spreading.

Individuals with diabetes are at a much higher risk of developing a bone infection and in severe cases, amputation of the infected area may become necessary to avoid complications.

  1. Medicines for Osteomyelitis

Medicines for Osteomyelitis

Medicines listed below are available for Osteomyelitis. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Blumox CaBLUMOX CA 1.2GM INJECTION 20ML103
BactoclavBACTOCLAV 1.2MG INJECTION99
Mega CvMEGA CV 1.2GM INJECTION98
Erox CvEROX CV 625MG TABLET198
MoxclavMOXCLAV 91.4MG DROPS 10ML67
Moxikind CvMOXIKIND CV 375MG TABLET52
CetilCETIL 1.5GM TRADE INJECTION218
PulmocefPULMOCEF 500MG TABLET 4S272
OmnikacinOmnikacin 100 Mg Injection26
ClavamCLAVAM 1GM TABLET 10S223
AltacefAltacef 1.5 Gm Injection334
AdventADVENT 1.2GM INJECTION104
AugmentinAUGMENTIN 1.2GM INJECTION 1S105
ClampCLAMP 30ML SYRUP45
Ceftum TabletCeftum 125 Mg Tablet88
Stafcure LzStafcure Lz Tablet277
ZocefZOCEF 250MG INJECTION0
Amicin InjectionAmicin 100 Mg Injection17
Mikacin InjectionMikacin 100 Mg Injection18
Zemox ClZemox Cl 1000 Mg/200 Mg Injection135
AceclaveAceclave 250 Mg/125 Mg Tablet85
Cat XpCat Xp 250 Mg Tablet68
CamicaCamica 100 Mg Injection14
Amox ClAmox Cl 200 Mg/28.5 Mg Syrup39
ZoclavZoclav 500 Mg/125 Mg Tablet159

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

References

  1. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Osteomyelitis
  2. National Center for Advancing and Translational Sciences. Osteomyelitis. Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center
  3. National Health Portal [Internet] India; Osteomyelitis
  4. Momodu II, Savaliya V. Osteomyelitis. [Updated 2019 Apr 3]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2019 Jan-.
  5. Better health channel. Department of Health and Human Services [internet]. State government of Victoria; Osteomyelitis
  6. healthdirect Australia. Osteomyelitis. Australian government: Department of Health
और पढ़ें ...