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What is Osteopenia?

Osteopenia is a condition in which the density of bone is low, leading to weaker bones than normal. Osteopenia is a precursor of developing osteoporosis and increased risk of fractures.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Generally, osteopenia is symptomless and is noticed only after an individual has a fracture without an obvious cause or a broken bone after a minor fall. This indicates a risk of fracture of other bones too and should be taken as a warning sign of osteoporosis.

What are the main causes?

The cause of this condition is multifactorial and depends on conditions impacting bone strength, which are different for different individuals. The main causes related to this condition include:

  • Family history of bad/poor bone health
  • Various medical conditions which include a coeliac disease in individuals with allergy to gluten or wheat which also lead to poor calcium and vitamin D absorption from food
  • Different medications such as steroids which include glucocorticoid (with long-term use)
  • Obesity
  • Young female athletes
  • Eating disorders.
  • Ageing (especially post menopause)
  • Deficiency of calcium, and vitamin D due to any reason
  • Lack of exercise or inactivity

How is it diagnosed and treated?

The physician will take a complete history of symptoms along with family and medical history followed by an examination of the affected areas. If the doctor is suspicious of you having poor bone health or osteopenia he will further suggest for

  • A bone density test and a repeat test will be generally advised two to five years after the first test.
  • An X-ray of the affected area in cases of fracture
  • Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA or DXA) scan.

Treatment of osteopenia:

  • Osteopenia is not as severe as osteoporosis and hence does not require much medication. Treatment of osteopenia targets at protecting the bone and improving its strength.
  • Supplementation of the individual diagnosed with osteopenia with calcium and vitamin D is necessary.
  • Dietary modification to add foods rich in vitamin D and calcium and includes milk and milk products such as yoghurt, cheese, vegetables such as spinach and broccoli, fish such as salmon, cereals, bread and orange juice.
  • Routine exercising and weight management to keep weight in control
  • Adopting a bone-friendly lifestyle
  • Avoiding smoking and alcohol
  1. Medicines for Osteopenia
  2. Doctors for Osteopenia
Dr. Vivek Dahiya

Dr. Vivek Dahiya

ओर्थोपेडिक्स

Dr. Vipin Chand Tyagi

Dr. Vipin Chand Tyagi

ओर्थोपेडिक्स

Dr. Vineesh Mathur

Dr. Vineesh Mathur

ओर्थोपेडिक्स

Medicines for Osteopenia

Medicines listed below are available for Osteopenia. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Rosave DROSAVE D 10MG TABLET172
Uprise D3UPRISE D3 60K CAPSULE 8S206
GemcalGEMCAL 120ML LIQUID126
Rosuchek DROSUCHEK D 5MG TABLET 10S0
CalcirolCalcirol 600000 IU Capsule165
CalcitasCALCITAS D TABLET 15S64
CalshineCALSHINE 60K SACHET 1GM24
MahacalMAHACAL TABLET 15S5
Carol CAROL 1GM SACHET26
B CitamB CITAM TABLET 10S0
D RozavelD Rozavel 10 Mg/1000 Iu Tablet132
Mahastat D3Mahastat D3 Tablet108
Calcitriol + Calcium Carbonate + ZincCalcium Carbonate 500 Mg + Calcitriol 0.25 Mcg + Zinc 7.5 Mg Tablet6
Rosufit DRosufit D 10 Mg/1000 Iu Tablet137
Rosuflo DRosuflo D 10 Mg/1000 Iu Tablet72
Rosuvas DROSUVAS-D 10 TABLET 10S247
Rosycap D3Rosycap D3 10 Mg/1000 Iu Tablet86
Rozucor DRozucor D 10 Mg/1000 Iu Tablet144
Rozustat DRozustat D 10 Mg/1000 Iu Tablet117
Rosukem GoldROSUKEM GOLD 10MG CAPSULE116
Calcium + Vitamin D3Calcium + Vitamin D3 250 IU Tablet4
Zyrova D3ZYROVA D3 FORTE TABLET144

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

References

  1. Osteoporosis Australia. [Internet]; Osteopenia
  2. Varacallo M, Pizzutillo P. Osteopenia. [Updated 2019 Jun 4]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2019 Jan-.
  3. Karaguzel G, Holick MF. Diagnosis and treatment of osteopenia. Rev Endocr Metab Disord. 2010 Dec;11(4):237-51. PMID: 21234807
  4. Erik Fink Eriksen. Treatment of osteopenia . Rev Endocr Metab Disord. 2012 Sep; 13(3): 209–223. PMID: 21710179
  5. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Osteopenia - premature infants
  6. National Cancer Institute [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms
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