Plantar Fasciitis

Dr. Ayush PandeyMBBS,PG Diploma

December 21, 2018

March 06, 2020

Plantar Fasciitis
Plantar Fasciitis

What is Plantar Fasciitis?

The plantar fascia is a thick tissue present at the bottom of the foot, i.e., the sole of the foot. This fascia resembles a bowstring since it connects the heel bone to the toes. Inflammation of the plantar fascia is known as plantar fasciitis. It is one of the most frequently reported foot complaints and can be quite disabling.

What are its main associated signs and symptoms?

Since the condition is caused due to the inflammation of the ligament, the primary symptom of plantar fasciitis is heel pain and pain in the sole of the foot, which may be accompanied by redness and swelling in the heel area. The pain may sometimes be perceived as a burning sensation. The pain may be sharp or dull. Typically, the pain is experienced after standing on the feet in the morning.

This pain may aggravate when using the foot for physical activities, such as walking, running, or climbing the stairs.

What are the main causes?

Plantar fasciitis may be caused by:

  • A strain on the heel bone while engaging in sports.
  • Being overweight.
  • Standing for long durations.
  • Wearing heels for a prolonged period.
  • Wearing footwear which offers little support to the arch of the foot.
  • Excessive running.
  • Jumping injury.
  • Heel spur (bony overgrowth).

Certain diseases like arthritis may increase the risk of developing plantar fasciitis.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

In order to diagnose the condition, the doctor will first inquire about the onset and intensity of the pain and the recent activities one has been engaging in. Description of the symptoms and a physical exam will help the doctor to determine the condition. The doctor will look for signs of injury such as:

  • Redness.
  • Inflammation or swelling.
  • Stiffness.

An imaging test, such as an X-ray, may be performed to confirm the diagnosis and identify any underlying condition causing it.

In order to treat plantar fasciitis, the doctor may prescribe painkillers, which will also reduce the inflammation and provide immediate relief. Other measures include:

  • Resting.
  • Using night splints while sleeping or doing other physical activity.
  • Wearing comfortable footwear.

The symptoms get better with the passage of time as the ligament recovers from the strain.

In some cases, surgery may be needed.

Self-care measures include soaking the feet in a tub of hot water for 15-20 minutes to reduce the inflammation and pain.



References

  1. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Plantar fasciitis.
  2. Healthdirect Australia. Plantar fasciitis. Australian government: Department of Health
  3. Tahririan MA, Motififard M, Tahmasebi MN, Siavashi B. Plantar fasciitis. J Res Med Sci. 2012 Aug;17(8):799-804. PMID: 23798950
  4. Schwartz EN, Su J. Plantar Fasciitis: A Concise Review. Perm J. 2014 Winter;18(1):e105-7. doi: 10.7812/TPP/13-113. PMID: 24626080
  5. American College of Osteopathic Family Physicians [Internet]. Arlington Heights, IL; Plantar fasciitis.

Medicines for Plantar Fasciitis

Medicines listed below are available for Plantar Fasciitis. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine Name

Price

₹2499.0

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