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What is a bed sore?

Bed sores or pressure sores are outbreaks on skin and tissues that appear over the bony areas due to constant pressure for a long period of time. It is primarily caused due to a reduction in blood circulation due to sitting or lying in the same position constantly. Most bed sore cases are reported in elderly aged over 70 years.

An Indian study shows that the prevalence of bed sores in hospital admitted patients is 4.94%. Early treatment is necessary to prevent severe damage to the skin.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

In the early stages, you may notice shiny, red blotches of skin on the areas under constant pressure e.g., buttocks and shoulder blades in bedridden patients. It can gradually lead to loss of the upper layer of skin (epidermis) and develops an ulcer.

When the pressure is on the tissue beneath the bone, swelling and reduced sensations are experienced on the skin. Eventually, it leads to infection and loss of tissue in that area.  

What are its main causes?

Bed sores develop when excessive and long-term pressure (about 1-2 hours) is applied on points like the back of shoulder, tailbone, buttocks and heels.

Applied pressure compresses the blood vessels which reduces the oxygen and nutrition supply to the skin. Lack of nutrients and oxygen for a long time causes the formation of ulcers.

Other causes of developing a bed sore includes:

  • Shearing force, where the movement of skin and underlying tissue is in the opposite direction
  • Friction injury
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Moisture which promotes bacterial growth and ulcer formation
  • Conditions like dehydration, lack of nutrition, diabetes, heart diseases and obesity (in children)
  • Lack of movement (e.g. paralysis, post operation)
  • Cast use in fracture

How is it diagnosed and treated?

If you or your caretaker finds a bed sore on your body, inform your doctor immediately. Initial management includes thorough cleansing and wound dressing while changing the position of the patient to relieve the pressure on the area of the bed sore. Topical antibiotics will be advised in case of infection. Treatment duration lasts from 2 to 4 weeks depending on the severity of sores.

You can protect yourself from acquiring pressure sores by:

  • Shifting your weight regularly while in a wheelchair
  • Change your lying position while in bed
  • Avoid friction injury like constant rubbing of skin against bed sheets
  • Regular checking of your skin
  • Skin cleansing with cleansing agents
  • Keeping the skin in a dry state
  • Adequate intake of water and healthy food
  1. Medicines for Bed (Pressure) Sores
  2. Doctors for Bed (Pressure) Sores
Dr. Jogya Bori

Dr. Jogya Bori

संक्रामक रोग

Dr. Lalit Shishara

Dr. Lalit Shishara

संक्रामक रोग

Dr. Amisha Mirchandani

Dr. Amisha Mirchandani

संक्रामक रोग

Medicines for Bed (Pressure) Sores

Medicines listed below are available for Bed (Pressure) Sores. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
C BestaC Besta 0.05% Cream72.0
ClobadermClobaderm Ointment25.0
ClobalClobal Cream52.0
Clobal GmClobal Gm Cream42.0
ClobenateClobenate 0.05% Cream10.0
ClobetagenClobetagen 0.05% Cream25.0
Clobetasol Propionate 0.05 %W/W CreamClobetasol Propionate 0.05 %W/W Cream14.0
ClobetClobet Cream33.0
ClobetexClobetex 0.05% Cream49.0
ClobidermClobiderm Cream77.0
ClobitalClobital 0.05% Cream77.0
Cloderm (Kineses)Cloderm (Kineses) Cream52.0
ClonateClonate 0.05% Cream116.0
ClopClop 0.05% W/W Cream43.0
ClopadClopad Cream80.0
ClopanClopan Cream100.0
ClopinateClopinate 0.05% W/W Cream76.0
ClosalveClosalve Cream99.0
ClosoneClosone Ointment125.0
ClovateClovate 0.05% Cream70.0
ClozemaClozema 0.05% Cream34.0
ColbetColbet Cream49.0
CorsaCorsa Cream50.0
CosvateCosvate 0.05% W/W Cream84.0
DermovateDermovate 0.05% W/V Ointment899.0
EtavoneEtavone 0.05% Cream72.0
FreedomFreedom 0.05% W/W Cream90.0
KlorylKloryl 0.05% Cream38.0
KlosoftKlosoft 0.05% Cream22.0
LozivateLozivate Cream70.0
NeosolNeosol 0.05% W/V Ointment117.0
NiosolNiosol 0.05% Cream122.0
ObetObet 0.05% Cream35.0
OcovateOcovate 0.05% Cream50.0
PlosatPlosat 0.05% Cream32.0
PowercortPowercort 0.05% Cream86.0
Psoricort CPsoricort C 0.05% W/W Gel99.0
SacloSaclo Topical 0.05% W/V Solution80.0
SoltopSoltop 0.05% Cream125.0
SonadermSonaderm 0.05% Cream46.0
TenovateTenovate 0.05% Cream80.0
TezcortTezcort 0.05% Cream79.0
TopinateTopinate 0.05% Cream60.0
TopsorTopsor 0.5% Lotion81.0
ZincodermZincoderm 0.05% W/W Cream64.0
ZincortZincort 0.05% W/W Cream40.0
Bactiderm GmBactiderm Gm Cream39.0
Bactiderm GBactiderm G Cream31.0
Bactiderm SBactiderm S Cream36.0
BactidermBactiderm 0.5% W/W Cream39.0
Bariderm ZBariderm Z Ointment43.0
CatadermCataderm Cream100.0
Cbs LCbs L Lotion55.0
CbsCbs 0.05% Cream34.0
ClobelacClobelac 0.05% Cream85.0
ClobetamosClobetamos Gel175.0
ClobetolClobetol 0.05% Cream23.0
Clo BClo B 0.05 %W/W Cream78.0
ClomightClomight Cream38.0
ClonitClonit Cream34.0
Clop EClop E Cream79.0
Closol LotionClosol 0.05% W/W Lotion62.0
CortentCortent Cream77.0
Cortisol CreamCortisol Cream65.0
CvateCvate 0.05% Cream35.0
EpivateEpivate Cream75.0
ExelExel 0.05% W/W Cream97.0
HinateHinate Cream58.0
KayavateKayavate 0.05% Cream45.0
LobateLobate Cream119.0
LobesolLobesol Cream39.0
SupravateSupravate 0.05% Cream16.0
TrifecTrifec Cream36.0
TufdermTufderm Cream80.0
ViclobViclob Cream46.0
Panderm + CreamPanderm + Cream0.0
AcortAcort 10 Mg Injection28.57
ComcortComcort 10 Mg Injection14.7
CortisprayCortispray 50 Mcg/Puff Nasal Spray219.0
D CortD Cort 10 Mg Injection33.0
OrawaysOraways 0.1% W/W Paste47.19
PericortPericort 4 Mg Tablet31.21
TriamadermTriamaderm 0.1% W/W Ointment112.0
TricortTricort 10 Mg Injection46.0
TrioraTriora 0.1%W/W Ointment52.0
VetalogVetalog Injection46.65
BonacortBonacort 40 Mg Injection25.87
CortimCortim 4 Mg Tablet35.0
CortrimaCortrima 0.01% Cream105.0
KenacortKenacort 0.1% Oral Paste52.7
KencortKencort 1000 Mg Injection1090.0
LedercortLedercort 0.1% Ointment95.56
LupicortLupicort 40 Mg Injection38.2
RetiloneRetilone 40 Mg Injection97.47
StancortStancort 40 Mg Injection27.5
TrijectTriject 40 Mg Injection109.52
TrilonTrilon 40 Mg Injection60.0
TriroidTriroid 10 Mg Injection38.65
LcortLcort Cream38.27
NasicoritnNasicoritn Nasal Spray216.0
OaceOace Cream33.27
ExsoraExsora Ointment153.0
TessTess 0.1% Ointment57.0
TostiTosti Gel65.0
CinortCinort Gel54.0
TrioplastTrioplast Paste63.0
BetakemBetakem Tablet3.18
ClobestClobest Tablet44.0
PlerminPlermin 0.01% W/V Gel2016.0
Afderm MxAfderm Mx Cream0.0
Ofrun TcOfrun Tc Cream0.0
Taf PlusTaf Plus Cream0.0
Terbinafine 1% + Clobetasol 0.05% + Ofloxacin 0.75% + Ornidazole 2% CreamTerbinafine 1% + Clobetasol 0.05% + Ofloxacin 0.75% + Ornidazole 2% Cream0.0
Triben XtTriben Xt Cream0.0
Candid TotalCandid Total Cream74.0
Clarex PlusClarex Plus Cream47.0
Dermolin PlusDermolin Plus Cream42.76
DermosavDermosav Cream59.0
LincodermLincoderm Cream46.66
MicrodermMicroderm Cream46.0
MycopilMycopil Cream60.0
Novacor PlusNovacor Plus Cream34.0
Of DermOf Derm Cream51.17
Oq DermOq Derm Cream19.9
OrnodermOrnoderm Cream33.81
Tebif Co2Tebif Co2 Cream42.85
Terbinaforce Plus CreamTerbinaforce Plus Cream42.35
Total Derm PlusTotal Derm Plus Cream37.0
Bariderm SBariderm S 0.05% W/V/3% W/V Lotion63.35
Betasalic SBetasalic S Lotion40.0
Colbet SColbet S Cream59.76
PropysalicPropysalic 0.05%/6% Ointment135.0
Clobal GClobal G Cream15.2
Clobiderm GzClobiderm Gz Cream35.71
Clopinate GmClopinate Gm Cream55.0
Clovate G PlusClovate G Plus Cream65.0
Colbet GmColbet Gm 0.05%/0.1% Cream44.87
MicrogramMicrogram 0.05%W/W/0.1%W/W Cream28.18
Ocovate GOcovate G 0.05%/0.1% Cream34.92
PowergenPowergen 0.05%/0.1% Cream12.55
PsorvatePsorvate 0.05%W/W/0.1%W/W Ointment95.9
Cataderm GCataderm G Cream9.7
ClobexClobex 10 Mg Tablet73.0
Cvate GCvate G 0.05%/0.1% Cream16.38
Epivate GEpivate G Cream10.0
Kloryl GKloryl G Cream13.83
Plosat GPlosat G Cream24.21
Supravate GSupravate G 0.05%/0.1% Cream19.28
Clobal SClobal S Cream57.73
Clob SlClob Sl Cream54.0
Clorap SClorap S Ointment79.8
Clovate SlClovate Sl Cream86.0
C SoraC Sora 0.05%/6% Ointment49.21
NiosalicNiosalic 0.05%/3.5% Cream105.0
Propysalic Nf 6Propysalic Nf 6 Ointment135.0
Propysalic Nf (Hegde &Amp; Hegde)Propysalic Nf Lotion130.0
SalobetSalobet Ointment88.0
TopisalTopisal 3% Lotion107.0
Ultitar CsUltitar Cs 0.05% W/V/3% W/V Lotion328.0
Clonit SClonit S Ointment85.0
Eclo 6Eclo 6 Ointment95.5
Lozivate SLozivate S Ointment95.0
MedisalicMedisalic Ointment76.23
Propysalic Nf (Overseas)Propysalic Nf Lotion130.0
SalicloSaliclo Lotion75.0
TaxalicTaxalic Ointment68.0
Viclob SViclob S Lotion88.53
ClobisalClobisal 0.05%/3% Ointment66.66
Clopinate SClopinate S Cream94.28
Cortaz SCortaz S 0.05%/3% Cream46.0
Etavone SEtavone S Ointment70.0
KlosolKlosol Lotion80.68
Sal PSal P Ointment50.22
SupersalSupersal 6.0%/0.05% Ointment98.0
CambisalicCambisalic Lotion75.0
ClogelClogel Cream57.13
Cutisalic 6Cutisalic 6 Ointment76.1
Cvate SCvate S 0.05%/6% Cream42.77
DiplomaxDiplomax Lotion25.02
DiprosalDiprosal Lotion46.0
Hinate SHinate S 0.05% W/V/6% W/V Ointment82.01
Kersol CKersol C 0.05%W/W/3%W/W Lotion98.0
Klolyte MfKlolyte Mf Cream52.88
Kloryl SKloryl S Cream60.0
Propysalic NPropysalic N Ointment185.0
Salista CSalista C Cream56.0
SyncrateSyncrate Ointment50.0
Viclob SfViclob Sf Ointment47.6
Clonate FClonate F Cream249.0
Clopinate FClopinate F Ointment120.0
Lozivate FLozivate F Cream140.0
Tezcort FTezcort F Cream130.0
Clopinate GClopinate G Cream52.0
Clovate GClovate G Cream73.0
Colbet GColbet G Cream45.0
Cosvate GCosvate G Cream12.95
Dermotriad PlusDermotriad Plus Cream39.5
Etan GEtan G 0.05% W/W/0.1% W/W Cream17.0
Zincoderm GZincoderm G 0.05% W/W/0.1% W/W Cream11.73
Zincort GZincort G Cream30.5
Clobetamil GClobetamil G Cream15.35
Tenovate GTenovate G Cream20.78
Topisone GTopisone G Cream58.0
Clopan GClopan G Cream60.0
Clovate GnClovate Gn Cream38.08
Dipgenta PlusDipgenta Plus Cream92.89
Exel GnExel Gn 0.05% W/W/0.5% W/W Cream48.0
Propygenta NfPropygenta Nf Cream125.0
Tenovate GnTenovate Gn Cream23.6
Clop MgClop Mg 0.05%/0.1%/2% Cream43.43
Clovate GmClovate Gm Cream50.0
Cosvate GmCosvate Gm Cream17.65
Dermac GmDermac Gm Cream40.0
Etan GmEtan Gm Cream13.55
Globet GmGlobet Gm Globet Gm Ointment Ointment 0.05% W/W/0.1% W/W/2% W/W11.25
Lobate GmLobate Gm Cream54.0
Clobenate GmClobenate Gm Cream11.87
Soltec GmSoltec Gm Cream30.0
Zincoderm GmZincoderm Gm Cream13.54
Obet GObet G 0.05%/0.1% Cream21.15
Sterisone GSterisone G 0.05%/0.1% Cream33.5
Hinate GHinate G Cream36.0
Lozee GLozee G Cream24.0
ClostagenClostagen 0.5%/0.5% Cream105.0
Dipgenta FDipgenta F Cream81.8
Klosoft NKlosoft N 0.05%/0.5% Cream24.0
Clonit GClonit G Cream38.36
Cortisol GCortisol G Cream17.0
Powercort NPowercort N Cream40.0
Viclob NViclob N Cream47.92
ZyclogZyclog Ointment76.93
Eumosone MEumosone M 0.05% W/W/2% W/W Cream69.3
ItchmosolItchmosol 0.05% W/W/2% W/W Cream58.0
Lobate MLobate M Cream68.5
Tenovate MTenovate M Cream65.2
Exel MExel M 0.05%/2% Cream69.0
Kloryl MKloryl M Cream40.0
Zincoderm MZincoderm M Cream65.22
FactodermFactoderm Cream0.0
Mexaderm PlusMexaderm Plus Cream0.0
Restoderm PlusRestoderm Plus Cream0.0
Zinclovil OtZinclovil Ot Cream0.0
CootCoot Ointment48.0
Dermikem Oc CreamDermikem Oc Cream65.0
Enderm PlusEnderm Plus Cream32.0
Lamiterb PlusLamiterb Plus Cream47.3
O2 DermO2 Derm Cream38.0
TerbofinocTerbofinoc Cream20.81
WidermWiderm Cream47.0
Lacsoft CLacsoft C 0.05%/12% Gel179.0
Lobate AlLobate Al Gel150.0
Lac Soft CLac Soft C Gel179.0
Niosol FNiosol F 0.05%/2% Cream105.0
Clobetagen FClobetagen F Cream47.0
Pasitrex CPasitrex C Ointment320.0
SorifixSorifix Ointment324.0
Calpsor CCalpsor C Lotion399.0
CalpsorCalpsor Lotion215.0
Propyderm NfPropyderm Nf Cream130.0
Propyzole NfPropyzole Nf Cream115.0
Triben CnTriben Cn Cream64.0
Sorvate CSorvate C Ointment290.0
TopisoneTopisone Cream56.0
Clostar Gm CreamClostar Gm Cream40.0
Zincort G NeoZincort G Neo Cream36.18
IotrimIotrim Eye Ointment57.0

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