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What is Baldness?

Baldness, another term for alopecia, is the loss of hair from the scalp. Losing a few strands is quite normal as they grow back in most people, but as age progresses this may not be the case.

Patterned hair loss is seen in both sexes after puberty. It is found that starting at the age of 35 years, two-third men experience baldness and 40% have noticeable hair loss. In India, 0.7% of the population experiences baldness.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

It can appear in different forms depending on the factors causing baldness. It may cause sudden or slow baldness and may affect your scalp or the entire body. It can be permanent or temporary.

The major signs and symptoms include

  • Progressive thinning
  • Slow weakening of hairs on the top of your head
  • Circular or patchy spots
  • Sudden loss of hair
  • Complete hair loss
  • Scaly patches spreading over the scalp region

What are its main causes?

It can be genetic or acquired. Androgenetic alopecia (more than 95%) is the commonest cause among male hair loss.

  • Hereditary
    • It is familial and occurs with ageing and is predictable
  • Hormonal Changes and Medical Conditions
    • Pregnancy, menopause, thyroid disorders, and scalp infections may be responsible for hair loss
  • Drug Related
  • Radiation Therapy
    • Exposure to harmful radiation may result in permanent loss of hair
  • Stress
    • Stress and emotional or physical shock may be responsible for hair loss
  • Hair Treatments
    • Hairstyles, such as tight ponytail or cornrows, can cause traction alopecia
  • Nutritional Deficiency
    • Lack of essential amino acids especially lysine can lead to baldness

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Male-type baldness is diagnosed by the appearance and pattern of hair loss and medical history. It is classified using the Hamilton-Norwood classification system, and the female type is classified using the Ludwig system. If there is scarring of the scalp, you may be referred to a dermatologist. In non-scarring alopecia, a small scraping of the lesion may be taken to test for fungal infection. Thereafter, a scalp biopsy may be performed if no clear cause can be detected. In diffuse hair loss, you may be told to do a serum ferritin and thyroid tests.

Treatment

  • Mainly, 5-alpha reductase inhibitors are used for hair restoration. A vast majority of the products contain snake oil because of the anti-frizz properties.
  • Eliminating stress can help regrow hair.
  • Laser therapy has also shown to provide good results by stimulating hair growth.
  • Surgery can also reverse hair loss.
  • Hair multiplication, which involves self-replenishing follicle stem cells multiplied in the lab and microinjected in the scalp, can help regrow hair.
  • Nutritional supplements may be taken, as essential amino acids and other micronutrients are essential for proper hair growth.

Self-care tips:

  • Change your hair products by consulting a trichologist.
  • Avoid hot showers as it can strip off the essential oils on the scalp.
  • Massage the scalp with hair oils.
  • Have a transplant.
  • Quit smoking and avoid stress.
  • Engage in physical activities to improve blood circulation.
  • Comb hair regularly with wide combs to improve blood circulation and stimulate growth.

Not only medications but also lifestyle modifications can lead to better results and protect existing hairs from further damage or loss.

  1. Medicines for Baldness

Medicines for Baldness

Medicines listed below are available for Baldness. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Depo MedrolDepo Medrol 40 Mg/Ml Injection93.0
DepotexDepotex 125 Mg Injection320.0
IvepredIvepred 1000 Mg Injection975.0
MacpredMacpred 4 Mg Tablet36.0
Medrol TabletMedrol 100 Mg Tablet87.0
Mepresso IMepresso I 1000 Mg Injection1034.0
Nucort MNucort M 16 Mg Tablet86.0
Solu MedrolSolu Medrol 1000 Mg Injection1271.0
SterioSterio 16 Mg Tablet126.0
ZempredZempred 16 Mg Tablet86.0
AcepredAcepred 40 Mg Injection60.0
Acto PredActo Pred 16 Mg Tablet120.0
AldicordAldicord 16 Mg Tablet95.0
ApdermApderm 0.10% Cream55.0
CoeloneCoelone 16 Mg Tablet87.0
Delsone MDelsone M 16 Mg Tablet79.0
DepopredDepopred 40 Mg Injection44.0
DeposetDeposet 40 Mg Injection49.0
DuraloneDuralone 16 Mg Tablet150.0
GrafmetGrafmet 500 Mg Injection666.0
LomicortLomicort 4 Mg Tablet37.0
LyopredLyopred 1000 Mg Injection995.0
Mega PredMega Pred 16 Mg Tablet110.0
MelpredMelpred 16 Mg Tablet100.0
MelsoneMelsone 16 Mg Tablet80.0
MepressoMepresso 1000 Mg Injection1034.0
Mepresso DMepresso D 40 Mg Injection31.0
Mepresso TMepresso T 16 Mg Tablet86.0
MepsonateMepsonate 125 Mg Injection238.0
MethoneMethone 16 Mg Tablet135.0
Monocortil MMonocortil M 16 Mg Tablet120.0
MpMp 1 Gm Injection952.0
MpredniMpredni 16 Mg Tablet117.0
MypredMypred 125 Mg Injection228.0
NupredNupred 16 Mg Tablet100.0
Orapred MOrapred M 4 Mg Tablet44.0
Ph MpaPh Mpa 0.1% Ointment80.0
Prascha MpPrascha Mp 16 Mg Tablet90.0
PredacePredace 1% Drop10.0
PredmetPredmet 10 Mg Drop18.0
PredsolePredsole 16 Mg Tablet98.0
PrelidPrelid 16 Mg Tablet99.0
PremisolPremisol 125 Mg Injection245.0
RednisolRednisol 16 Mg Tablet64.0
SanipredSanipred 1000 Mg Injection1200.0
SoftcorSoftcor 0.10% Cream85.0
Softcor MpSoftcor Mp 0.1% Cream95.0
SteronexSteronex 1000 Mg Injection1046.0
SuccimedSuccimed 125 Mg Injection238.0
CortipilCortipil 4 Mg Tablet39.0
GemdrolGemdrol 4 Mg Tablet13.0
MdcortMdcort Tablet133.0
MecortMecort Tablet25.0
MepredMepred 1000 Iu Injection1050.0
MeprestarMeprestar 4 Mg Tablet49.0
Mpa(Phc)Mpa Cream80.0
NicortNicort 16 Mg Tablet44.0
PilsonePilsone 16 Mg Tablet51.0
PrashchampPrashchamp 4 Mg Tablet28.0
Precort MPrecort M 8 Mg Tablet59.0
StirioStirio 4 Mg Tablet37.0
WinloneWinlone 16 Mg Tablet145.0
DilminoxDilminox 5 Mg Tablet159.0
LonitabLonitab 10 Mg Tablet409.0
LonitLonit 10 Mg Tablet285.0
StahaStaha 5 Mg Tablet220.0
AndrominAndromin 2% Solution200.0
ArodilArodil 100 Mg Lotion165.0
BiominoxBiominox 2% Solution485.0
ChymotraChymotra 5% Lotion410.0
ForpeciaForpecia 2% Lotion160.0
GrewitGrewit 10% Solution505.0
GromoGromo 2% Solution175.0
HairexHairex 10% Lotion595.0
ImxiaImxia 5% W/V Lotion525.0
InoxiInoxi 10 % Solution580.0
Manexil 10 % SprayManexil 10 % Spray575.0
ManexilManexil 2% Gel77.0
MinolMinol 2% Lotion198.0
MinpeciaMinpecia 2% Lotion290.0
MinscalpMinscalp 5% Solution410.0
MintopMintop 10% Foam760.0
MnxMnx 3 Lotion310.0
MorrMorr 12.5% Solution904.0
PilogroPilogro 2%W/V Solution208.0
Pilogro PlusPilogro Plus 5%W/V Solution480.0
PylodilPylodil 2% W/V Solution190.0
RegaineRegaine 2% W/V Solution340.0
RegrowRegrow 2% Solution300.0
RegroweeRegrowee 5% Gel353.0
TinfalTinfal 5%W/V Solution475.0
Tm 5Tm 5 Scalp Lotion590.0
TugainTugain 10 % W/V Foam917.0
XiminoxXiminox Lotion390.0
Arodil ForteArodil Forte Lotion 50 Mg425.0
Bio ExidilBio Exidil Bio Exidil Serum Solution1399.0
BrintopBrintop 10% Solution685.0
CoveritCoverit 10% W/V Solution675.0
ExidilExidil 2% Solution295.0
FoligainFoligain 5% Lotion499.0
HairjoyHairjoy 5% Foam399.0
Inoxi ForteInoxi Forte Lotion348.0
MandilMandil Solution148.0
MaxihairMaxihair 2% W/V Solution190.0
MinokemMinokem 5% Spray480.0
Minoqilib 5% SolutionMinoqilib 5% Solution699.0
MinotressMinotress 10% Lotion640.0
MinoxyMinoxy 10 % W/W Lotion600.0
MxMx Gel29.0
Pilomin(Pal)Pilomin(Pal) 2% Solution192.0
RootzRootz 5% Solution402.0
Rootz MRootz M 10%W/V Lotion585.0
ScinoScino 5% Solution465.0
TopgainTopgain 2% Solution183.0
Trichoton MTrichoton M Solution188.0
Morr FMorr F 3% Solution427.0
Minokem FMinokem F Solution605.0
Tricosilk FTricosilk F Solution555.0
AmexidilAmexidil 1.5% W/V/5% W/V Solution510.0
AndroanagenAndroanagen 1.5% W/V/5% W/V Solution849.0
GainehairGainehair 10%/1.5% Solution782.0
HairblessHairbless Solution500.0
Hair JoyHair Joy 5% Liquid498.0
AdhairAdhair 2% Solution247.0
Gainehair AlfaGainehair Alfa Hair Growth Serum1150.0
Grewit AxGrewit Ax Solution471.0
Hairage ProHairage Pro Solution494.0
TricosilkTricosilk Max Solution543.0
AcortAcort 10 Mg Injection28.57
ComcortComcort 10 Mg Injection14.7
CortisprayCortispray 50 Mcg/Puff Nasal Spray219.0
D CortD Cort 10 Mg Injection33.0
OrawaysOraways 0.1% W/W Paste47.19
PericortPericort 4 Mg Tablet31.21
TriamadermTriamaderm 0.1% W/W Ointment112.0
TricortTricort 10 Mg Injection46.0
TrioraTriora 0.1%W/W Ointment52.0
VetalogVetalog Injection46.65
BonacortBonacort 40 Mg Injection25.87
CortimCortim 4 Mg Tablet35.0
CortrimaCortrima 0.01% Cream105.0
KenacortKenacort 0.1% Oral Paste52.7
KencortKencort 1000 Mg Injection1090.0
LedercortLedercort 0.1% Ointment95.56
LupicortLupicort 40 Mg Injection38.2
RetiloneRetilone 40 Mg Injection97.47
StancortStancort 40 Mg Injection27.5
TrijectTriject 40 Mg Injection109.52
TrilonTrilon 40 Mg Injection60.0
TriroidTriroid 10 Mg Injection38.65
LcortLcort Cream38.27
NasicoritnNasicoritn Nasal Spray216.0
OaceOace Cream33.27
ExsoraExsora Ointment153.0
TessTess 0.1% Ointment57.0
TostiTosti Gel65.0
CinortCinort Gel54.0
TrioplastTrioplast Paste63.0
Minokem NMinokem N 5% Lotion683.0
Shaltop AShaltop A Solution216.0
Hairmax ForteHairmax Forte Solution584.0
IotrimIotrim Eye Ointment57.0

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