myUpchar प्लस+ के साथ पूरेे परिवार के हेल्थ खर्च पर भारी बचत

Summary

Cancer is a large group of diseases, characterised by an abnormal growth of cells which form tumours (masses or lumps of tissue). Cancer can affect the cells of any organ or tissue in the body and can further divide actively and spread to different sites in the body or continue growing in one place. Based on this characteristic, tumours can either be benign (those which do not spread) or malignant (the ones that spread).

The causes of different types of cancers vary, however, the causes of some of the most common cancers are genetic mutations, stress, smoking, alcoholism, a diet low in fibre, exposure to chemicals or radiation, and more. Diagnosis is established by a physical examination, X- rays, CT scan, MRI and PET scans.

It is possible to prevent cancers to a great extent by avoiding the causes and risk factors. Treatment involves single or multiple modalities like chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery. Complete cure is possible in certain cancers if detected in their early stages and treated promptly. Although this is not always possible, multiple treatment options are available to limit its spread and reduce complications to make the individual’s life comfortable.

  1. What is Cancer?
  2. Types of Cancer
  3. Stages of Cancer
  4. Cancer Symptoms
  5. Cancer Causes and Risk factors
  6. Prevention of Cancer
  7. Diagnosis of Cancer
  8. Treatment for Cancer
  9. Prognosis and Complications of Cancer
  10. Ayurvedic medicine, treatment and remedies for Cancer
  11. Medicines for Cancer
  12. Doctors for Cancer

What is Cancer?

Cancer refers to the uninhibited growth of cells, which grows independently and is arranged atypically without serving any functions. The cancerous cells can spread in the body and divide anywhere, when they are malignant in nature or continue growing at one site without spreading, in cases where they are benign.

Cancer, basically, is an abnormal and uncontrolled development of cells that are capable of encroaching upon other tissues and destroying them.

Types of Cancer

Depending upon their tissue of origin, cancers are classified as follows:

  • Carcinomas: Carcinomas refers to the cancers of epithelial tissue origin. The epithelial tissue is the covering of any organ that faces the external or internal environment, such as the skin, gut lining, oral lining or the lining of the nose. They are the most commonly reported types. Some examples of carcinomas include prostate cancer, breast cancer and squamous cell carcinoma of the skin.
  • Sarcomas: These are the malignancies of connective tissue origin. The connective tissue supports and connects different parts of the body. For example, cancer of the adipose tissue, areolar tissue, tendons, ligaments and bones among others.
  • Leukaemia: Leukaemia is the cancer of the blood occurring as a result of uncontrolled growth of the white blood cells. The four main types of leukaemia are lymphocytic (acute and chronic) and myeloid (acute and chronic). The terms lymphocytic and myeloid leukaemia refers to the cancer of cells that are at different stages of maturation to form white blood cells in the bone marrow.
  • Lymphomas: These are cancers of the lymph nodes and lymphatic organs. Lymph refers to the fluid that is formed within the interstitial spaces. It has its separate network of lymph vessels and tiny clusters of lymph nodes in multiple regions of the body. Lymph contains lymphocytes, which help fight infections. Cancer of these regions or lymphomas are of two types – Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas.

Furthermore, depending on the organ or the part of body involved, cancer can be classified as follows:

Stages of Cancer

The stages of cancer can be determined by the assessment of the cancerous tissue. ‘Grading’ and ‘staging’ are two methods to predict tumour behaviour and assist in the treatment plan after a malignant tumour has been detected. Grading is histologic, that is the tissues are studied under a microscope, whereas staging is clinical, and is detected by a general examination.

Grading

After examining the tissue under a microscope, cancer is categorised into grades. The microscopic picture of cancerous tissue gives information about two things: the rate of cancerous growth and the structure of the cancerous cells (degree of anaplasia) as compared to the healthy cells. A cancer is termed as benign when there is a significant amount of cell growth seen in a particular area. When the cancer cells are spread across and not located in a particular area, it is termed as metastatic. The Broder’s grading system grades cancer cells based on the extent of differentiation of the cells, which ranges from most differentiated, which refers to the cells that look normal and spread slowly to the most undifferentiated cells, which are the cells that look quite different from how they originally appeared. These grades are:

  • Grade I: Well differentiated
  • Grade II: Moderately differentiated
  • Grade III: Moderately differentiated
  • Grade IV: Poorly differentiated

A pathological examination, lab tests as well as a clinical examination of the sample containing the cancer tissue, are performed to determine the extent to which the tumour has spread.

To determine the stage and grade of cancer, the TNM staging and the American Joint Committee (AJC) staging are the two most important and currently used staging methods.

Staging

TNM staging: The TNM has 3 components, where T refers to the primary tumour, N stands for regional lymph node involvement and M is for distant metastases. The three components have numbers denoted to indicate the extent of involvement, as follows:

T0 - No tumour detected 

T1-3 - Numbers 1 to 3 indicate the size of the tumour in an ascending order, which implies that greater the number, greater is the size of the tumour and its spread to nearby structures. 

N0 - Lymph nodes not involved.

N1 to N3 - These denote the extent of lymph node involvement with respect to the size, location and number of lymph nodes involved. Again, higher the number, greater are the number of lymph nodes involved.

M0 - Absence of metastasis spread to other sites.

M1- Spread of tumour to other sites is present.

Cancer Symptoms

Based on the part affected, the symptoms of cancer vary vastly. Some typical signs and symptoms that may be experienced irrespective of the type and site of cancer are:

If you notice any of these symptoms, it is imperative to talk to your doctor as it is best to manage cancers at the earliest. You must also note that all of these symptoms are not observed in all and not everyone experiences them intensely until at a later stage. In fact, some may notice no symptoms at all, unless cancer is flukily detected upon a general examination. So, it is important that you do not ignore even the mildest of the symptoms.

Cancer Causes and Risk factors

Causes

Cancer occurs as a result of certain changes or mutations in the DNA of cells. DNA, which is considered to be the brain of the cell gives instructions regarding cell growth and multiplication. Errors in these instructions can lead to uncontrolled growth and multiplication causing cancer. 

Substances that may lead to cancer development are termed as carcinogens, which are the primary causes of cancer along with other risk factors. They can be chemical, for example, substances found in tobacco smoke; physical, such as ultraviolet radiation; or biological, such as the Human Papillomavirus. A single carcinogen cannot be held responsible for causing cancer. Multiple carcinogens along with other factors, such as health and diet, lead to the manifestation of cancer in an individual.

Risk Factors

The most common risk factors of cancer are:

  • Dependence on tobacco and tobacco-related products in the form of smoking or chewing causes lung and mouth cancers.
  • Increased alcohol consumption is known to increase the risk of liver cancer among many others.
  • Unhealthy diet and eating refined foods that are low in fibre are known to cause colon cancer.
  • Hormones, such as raised levels of testosterone and oestrogen are risk factors for the development of prostate cancer and breast cancer respectively.
  • Advancing age increases the likelihood of developing certain cancers like colon cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer and many others.
  • Genetic defects or mutations increase the likelihood of cancer tremendously e.g., women with mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes are prone to developing breast cancer.
  • Positive family history increases the risk of certain types of cancer like that of the breast.
  • Occupational hazards like exposure to dyes, tar, and chemicals like aniline, increases the risk of certain cancers like bladder cancer.
  • Bacterial and viral infections cause systemic disorders, which act as a predisposing factor for cancer, for example, H. pylori infection can lead to the development of stomach cancerhepatitis B and C infections may lead to liver cancer and Human Papillomavirus infection leading to cervical cancer.
  • Overexposure to radiations from repeated X-rays or sunlight which contains harmful ultraviolet rays also increases the risk of developing cancer.
  • Obesity, high intake of fat and limited physical activity are significant risk factor for the occurrence of several types of cancer in both men and women.
  • Stress is determined to be a leading risk factor for cancer because of its far-reaching effects. In addition, weakened immunity due to past or present medical conditions increases a person’s susceptibility to cancers.

As you may note, most of these risk factors, other than the ones, which are genetic or age-dependent can be averted with a healthier lifestyle and adequate protection from infections and pollutants. If you have a positive family history or are generally at a higher risk of any type of cancer, it is essential that you make the desired lifestyle changes to reduce your risk.

Prevention of Cancer

It is possible to prevent most types of cancers by adopting a healthier lifestyle and managing the risk factors. Here is what you can do for the best:

  • Avoid smoking.
  • Limit alcohol consumption.
  • Avoid overexposure to sunlight.
  • Have a diet rich in fibres. Avoid excessive consumption of fats in your diet and stay away from red meat sources like pork and beef. Also, limit the intake of processed foods in your diet.
  • Limit exposure to radiations by wearing protective gear in case of occupational exposure.
  • Exercise regularly and maintain a healthy weight and BMI.
  • Consume a healthy, balanced diet.
  • Go for regular checkups and screenings to rule out the presence of abnormalities or to identify the disease in its early stages.
  • Consult a doctor in case of a longstanding problem or non-healing injury or excessive bruising of the skin.
  • Go for regular immunisations. The Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine helps prevent cervical cancer and is a must. Another vaccine to consider is the hepatitis B vaccine, which prevents infection the with hepatitis B virus, which is a known risk factor for liver cancer.
  • Identify ways to cope with stress. Spend time with family and friends, pursue a hobby, do yoga or meditation, follow a sport, or do other things that help you calm your mind.

Diagnosis of Cancer

When choosing a diagnostic test, the doctor will consider the person’s age, medical history, gender, family history, type of cancer suspected, the severity of symptoms experienced and any previous test results. Following are the most common diagnostic tools that are used to determine the probability of a cancer:

  • Physical examination to look for any abnormalities.
  • Laboratory assessment of the person’s blood sample (complete blood count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C- reactive protein, liver and kidney function tests and more).
  • Specific tests like cancer antigen (CA) 19.9, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) or prostate-specific antigen (PSA) might be advised by the doctor when suspecting cancer of a specific origin.
  • Imaging techniques like X-ray, CT scans, MRI, barium meal study, bone scan, PET scan, SPECT scan, USG etc may also be advised. Biopsy of the tissue collected from the suspected tumour will be examined under a microscope to identify the stage of tumour, the severity of its multiplication and type of cells of the tumour. 

Treatment for Cancer

Treatment options of cancer are primarily of two types:

Surgical methods

It involves the removal of the abnormal growth or mass of cells, which is followed by biopsy of the excised part. This is particularly helpful when the tumour is accessible and localised.

Non-surgical methods

It involves chemotherapy, which basically consists of medications to destroy the abnormally growing mass of cells and radiotherapy, which uses radiations like gamma rays directed at the growing tumour.

Sometimes, both surgical and non-surgical methods are used. First, radiotherapy or chemotherapy is advised to reduce the size of the tumour and then excision of the cancerous lesion is performed. After the surgery, chemotherapy or radiotherapy is again performed in the area to avoid further spread of the lesion to other sites.

Other treatment options are hormonal therapy, immunological treatments, bisphosphonates etc. These are used as per need for specific cancers. E.g. Breast and prostate cancer are amenable to treatment with hormonal therapy.

Medications are also prescribed to manage the associated symptoms of cancer. These may include painkillers, antacids, antipyretics to manage individual symptoms.

Often, palliative care is the only treatment possible, where patches of morphine or other painkillers are used to alleviate the continuous pain and discomfort due to cancer, as cancer itself cannot be controlled due to its widespread nature. 

Lifestyle measures 

Simple lifestyle changes can be adopted by affected individuals in order to improve their quality of life and to manage symptoms. These may include:

  • Eat healthy home-cooked meals, which are rich in all nutritious components.
  • Exercise regularly. 30 minutes of moderately vigorous exercise for 5 days a week may help. If you are unable to perform intense physical activities, 30 minutes of brisk walking may help.
  • Avoid tobacco and alcohol consumption.
  • Go for regular health checkups to assess your progressive.
  • Manage stress better by doing yoga, meditation or following a passion or hobby.
  • Stay happy, cheerful and positive at all times. Not all cancers are incurable and deathly.

Prognosis and Complications of Cancer

Prognosis

The outcome of cancer depends on its type. Small sized cancers or those in the initial stages are easy to treat and hence have an excellent prognosis. On the other hand, the outcome is poor for metastatic lesions, as the spread cannot be completely arrested and may lead to multiple system failures or other complications. Other than this, the prognosis also depends on the type of the tumour cells and the area of the body affected.

Complications

The severity of complications also depends on the part of the body affected. Metastatic tumours pose a far greater threat than those which do not spread. The complications, depending on the organ systems affected, include:

  • Heart failure
  • Pulmonary oedema (retention of fluid in the lungs)
  • Liver failure
  • Kidney failure
  • Repeated infections due to poor immunity
Dr. Arabinda Roy

Dr. Arabinda Roy

ऑन्कोलॉजी

Dr. C. Arun Hensley

Dr. C. Arun Hensley

ऑन्कोलॉजी

Dr. Sanket Shah

Dr. Sanket Shah

ऑन्कोलॉजी

Medicines for Cancer

Medicines listed below are available for Cancer. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
BetaBeta Ointment10.0
DefloxDeflox 0.3%/0.1% Eye Drops12.0
CortimaxCortimax 12 Mg Tablet101.0
DefcortDefcort 1 Mg Tablet11.0
DeflazenDeflazen 30 Mg Tablet244.0
DefnaloneDefnalone 1 Mg Tablet19.0
DefstarDefstar 6 Mg Tablet80.0
DefzaDefza 1 Mg Tablet10.0
DezacorDezacor 30 Mg Tablet240.0
EnzocortEnzocort 1 Mg Tablet16.0
Mahacort DzMahacort Dz Suspension53.0
OrthocortOrthocort 12 Mg Tablet111.0
AsterideAsteride 120 Mg Tablet50.0
CoecorttCoecortt 30 Mg Tablet255.0
CortijesikCortijesik 30 Mg Tablet298.0
CortisureCortisure 1 Mg Tablet14.0
CortizaCortiza 6 Mg Tablet95.0
CozadefCozadef 30 Mg Tablet300.0
Decdan NextDecdan Next 30 Mg Tablet220.0
DecotasDecotas 30 Mg Tablet248.0
DecotazDecotaz 12 Mg Tablet99.0
DefbidDefbid Tablet60.0
DefconDefcon 30 Mg Tablet225.0
DefjoyDefjoy 6 Mg Tablet80.0
DeflachekDeflachek 30 Mg Tablet211.0
DeflafitDeflafit 30 Mg Tablet232.0
DeflamaxDeflamax 30 Mg Tablet235.0
DeflawinDeflawin 6 Mg Tablet70.0
DeflorDeflor 30 Mg Tablet217.0
DeflosisDeflosis 30 Mg Tablet390.0
DefsteadDefstead 30 Mg Tablet330.0
DefsureDefsure 1 Mg Tablet17.0
DeftabDeftab 6 Suspension49.0
DeftecDeftec 6 Mg Tablet80.0
DefzenicDefzenic 30 Mg Tablet388.0
DefzonaDefzona 6 Mg Tablet64.0
DelacortDelacort 1 Mg Tablet24.0
DenzocortDenzocort 30 Mg Tablet200.0
DezacortinDezacortin 6 Mg Tablet83.0
DezertDezert 6 Mg Tablet87.0
DezocortDezocort 30 Mg Tablet422.0
DfzDfz 6 Mg Tablet96.0
DlcDlc 30 Mg Tablet238.0
EticortEticort 6 Mg Tablet49.0
FastcortFastcort 12 Mg Tablet150.0
FlacortFlacort 30 Mg Tablet380.0
FlazacorFlazacor 6 Mg Tablet75.0
FlozastarFlozastar 6 Mg Tablet53.0
KivicortKivicort 1 Mg Tablet15.0
LazaLaza 1 Mg Tablet25.0
MicrocortMicrocort Tablet82.0
NestacortNestacort 6 Mg Tablet81.0
New PremisolNew Premisol 30 Mg Tablet285.0
Pcort DzPcort Dz 6 Tablet65.0
Predicort DPredicort D Tablet41.0
RhumapredRhumapred 12 Mg Tablet160.0
StercortStercort 6 Mg Tablet71.0
TruecortTruecort 30 Mg Tablet172.0
ZefcortZefcort 30 Mg Tablet60.0
AdvacortAdvacort 6 Mg Tablet29.0
AlzcortAlzcort 360 Mg Syrup55.0
AnicortAnicort 6 Mg Tablet34.0
CortidefCortidef 6 Mg Tablet75.0
CortiflazCortiflaz 6 Mg Tablet48.0
D CorD Cor 6 Mg Tablet59.0
DecortDecort 25 Mg Tablet70.0
DefagemDefagem 6 Mg Tablet82.0
DefbigDefbig 6 Mg Tablet99.0
Defla CortilDefla Cortil 6 Mg Tablet23.0
DeflafordDeflaford 6 Mg Tablet120.0
Deflahit TabletDeflahit Tablet108.0
DeflarisDeflaris Tablet91.0
DeflawokDeflawok 6 Mg Tablet29.0
Deflazacort 6 Mg TabletDeflazacort 6 Mg Tablet10.0
DeflocareDeflocare 30 Mg Tablet375.0
DefocadDefocad 30 Mg Tablet192.0
DeforzDeforz 30 Mg Tablet216.0
DefpilDefpil 6 Mg Tablet26.0
DefwaveDefwave 6 Mg Tablet91.0
DelzyDelzy 6 Mg Tablet75.0
Dephen TabletDephen Tablet0.0
D FlazD Flaz 6 Mg Tablet80.0
DzspinDzspin Tablet79.0
Emsolone DEmsolone D 6 Mg Tablet50.0
FlazaFlaza 30 Mg Tablet390.0
Flazo(Regalia)Flazo Syrup60.0
GladcortGladcort 6 Tablet99.0
Monocortil D30Monocortil D30 30 Mg Tablet80.0
NudeflaNudefla Tablet78.0
OnlicortOnlicort Tablet45.0
RexcortRexcort 6 Mg Tablet90.0
RzcortRzcort 6 Mg Tablet48.0
TenflayTenflay 6 Mg Tablet48.0
ZicortZicort 6 Mg Tablet89.0
BetsalicBetsalic 0.05% Lotion52.0
BelarBelar 0.5 Mg Tablet3.0
BetamineBetamine 0.5 Mg Tablet3.0
Betawin SBetawin S 0.5 Mg Tablet3.0
BetawinBetawin Forte 0.5 Mg Tablet3.0
BetnelanBetnelan 0.5 Mg Tablet8.0
BetnesolBetnesol 0.5 Mg Oral Drops13.0
BetsoneBetsone 0.5 Mg Tablet3.0
Decdan BDecdan B 4 Mg Injection4.0
SteminStemin 0.5 Mg Tablet4.0
WalacortWalacort 0.5 Mg Tablet4.0
A CortA Cort 0.5 Mg Tablet3.0
AlerkimAlerkim Forte 1 Mg Tablet6.0
BanadonBanadon 5 Mg Tablet11.0
BenicortBenicort 0.5 Mg Oral Drops10.0
BetafoamBetafoam 0.1 Mg Tablet101.0
BetalarBetalar 0.5 Mg Drops12.0
Betamethasone 0.5 mg TabletBetamethasone 0.5 Mg Tablet6.0
BetanijBetanij 0.5 Mg Tablet3.0
BetapenBetapen 0.5 Mg Tablet3.0
BetaronBetaron 0.5 Mg Tablet26.0
Betasone TabletBetasone Forte 1 Mg Tablet6.0
Betasone Oral DropBetasone Oral Drops18.0
BetawokBetawok 0.5 Mg Injection4.0
BetnecipBetnecip 0.5 Mg Tablet3.0
BetniBetni 0.5 Mg Tablet6.0
BzonBzon 0.5 Mg Tablet3.0
CelestoneCelestone 0.5 Mg Tablet3.0
CortilCortil 0.5 Mg Tablet6.0
Cortil ACortil A 0.5 Mg Tablet3.0
CortomineCortomine Forte 0.5 Mg Tablet7.0
Histacort BHistacort B 0.5 Mg Tablet3.0
NeobetNeobet Forte Tablet4.0
SolubetSolubet 0.5 Mg Tablet7.0
ZobetZobet 0.5 Mg Drops10.0
Zobet ForteZobet Forte 1 Mg Tablet8.0
Alerkim(Kim Lab)Alerkim Injection4.0
Ben InjectionBen Injection6.0
BetacortBetacort Tablet34.0
BetageeBetagee Tablet2.0
BetakenBetaken 0.5 Mg Tablet3.0
Betalar SBetalar S Tablet4.0
CecortCecort 40 Mg Injection62.0
CortibetCortibet Tablet3.0
LupidentLupident Powder53.0
MedilanMedilan Retard Tablet58.0
MilbetaMilbeta 0.1% Drops19.0
BiodexoneBiodexone 4 Mg Injection6.0
DecamycinDecamycin 4 Mg Injection33.0
DecdanDecdan 0.5 Mg Tablet1.0
DexajectDexaject 4 Mg Injection9.0
DexaDexa Injection20.0
DexonaDexona 0.5 Mg Tablet3.0
Dex ZDex Z Powder67.0
MeridecaMerideca 4 Mg Injection33.0
OzurdexOzurdex 0.7 Mg Injection24303.0
ZydexaZydexa 4 Mg Injection26.0
AuradexAuradex 8 Mg Tablet60.0
DecakemDecakem Injection7.0
DecdakDecdak St 0.5 Mg Tablet2.0
DecicortDecicort 0.5 Mg Tablet3.0
DecmaxDecmax 4 Mg Tablet16.0
DecoliteDecolite 0.01% Drops15.0
DeksaDeksa 4 Mg Injection5.0
DemisoneDemisone 0.5 Mg Tablet2.0
DexacipDexacip 0.1% Drops8.0
DexageeDexagee 0.5 Mg Tablet12.0
DexalabDexalab 4 Mg Injection13.0
Dexamethasone 0.5 Mg TabletDexamethasone 0.5 Mg Tablet3.0
DexapenDexapen 4 Mg Injection6.0
DexarilDexaril 4 Mg Injection12.0
DexasoneDexasone 0.10% Eye/Ear Drops7.43
DicorsoneDicorsone 0.5 Mg Injection6.0
LabizoneLabizone 20 Ml Injection22.0
Lodex(Syntho)Lodex 0.05% Drops9.0
LupidexaLupidexa 0.5 Mg Tablet2.0
MethasoneMethasone Tablet4.0
RavicortRavicort 4 Mg Injection9.0
UdicortUdicort 4 Mg Injection35.0
WymesoneWymesone 0.5 Mg Tablet2.0
AgidexAgidex Injection18.0
DecadronDecadron Injection10.0
DeexaDeexa 4 Mg Injection7.0
DexajetDexajet Injection9.0
DexamarkDexamark 4 Mg Injection9.0
Dexamethasone 4 Mg InjectionDexamethasone 4 Mg Injection12.0
Dexamethasone Sodium PhosphateDexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Injection85.0
DexamoxDexamox Kid Forte Tablet44.0
DexanirDexanir Injection9.0
DexasoleDexasole Injection5.0
DexasporinDexasporin Injection6.0
Dex EDex E Powder17.0
DexometDexomet 0.25% W/W Cream128.0
DexonilDexonil 4 Mg Injection63.0
DexonDexon Injection25.0
DexzyDexzy Injection5.0
OsidexOsidex Injection5.0
StedexStedex 0.5%/0.1% Eye Drops12.48
ZoftadexZoftadex 4 Mg Injection190.0
BetagelBetagel 0.05% Gel11.55
BetamethBetameth 0.1% Eye/Ear Drops9.58
BetamilBetamil 0.05% W/W Cream10.84
BetanexBetanex 0.05% W/V/0.05% W/V Cream69.45
BetasalicBetasalic Cream51.73
Betnovate CreamBetnovate 0.1% W/W Cream20.0
BetzeeBetzee 0.05% Cream10.78
Cbzee BCbzee B Cream39.0
DiavobetDiavobet 0.5 Mg Ointment67.0
DipleneDiplene 0.05% Cream81.25
DiprosoneDiprosone Cream10.59
ExevateExevate 0.05% Cream66.36
GrobetGrobet Cream32.37
PropynatePropynate 0.05% Lotion109.0
Propynate EPropynate E 0.05% Lotion82.86
ProvateProvate Lotion40.38
SternonSternon 0.05% Gel54.0
Azonate CreamAzonate 0.05% Cream35.0
DipnateDipnate 0.05% Cream32.56
Diprovate RdDiprovate Rd Cream23.52
EconaseEconase Spray189.61
Propynate E PlusPropynate E Plus Lotion118.31
UrosoneUrosone 10% Cream33.06
DexacortDexacort Eye Drop17.73
Dexacort (Klar Sheen)Dexacort (Klar Sheen) 0.1% Eye Drop18.62
SolodexSolodex 0.1% Eye/Ear Drops7.23
Lupidexa CLupidexa C Eye Drop9.75
Ocugate DxOcugate Dx Eye Drop10.62
DexapinDexapin 1%/0.10% Eye Drop20.0
Gate DxGate Dx 0.1%/0.3% Drops37.35
4 Quin Dx4 Quin Dx Eye Drop17.84
Apdrops DmApdrops Dm 0.5% W/V/1% W/V Eye Drop108.0
Dexcin MDexcin M Eye Drop67.0
Mfc DMfc D Eye Drop88.0
Mflotas DxMflotas Dx 0.5%W/V/0.1%W/V Eye Drop90.0
Mo 4 DxMo 4 Dx Eye Drop80.0
Moxifax DxMoxifax Dx Eye Drop55.0
Moxitak DmMoxitak Dm Eye Drops20.12
MyticomMyticom Eye Drop75.74
Occumox DmOccumox Dm 0.5%/0.1% Eye Drop17.8
Mflotas DMflotas D Eye Drop18.08
Mflotas TMflotas T Injection18.08
MilflodexMilflodex Eye Drop115.0
Milflox DmMilflox Dm Eye Drop21.3
Mosi DMosi D Eye Drop11.25
MoxigramMoxigram 400 Mg Tablet115.86
Occumox DOccumox D Eye Drop17.8
Aflox DAflox D 0.3%/0.1% Drops15.4
Amoflox DAmoflox D 0.3%/0.1% Eye Drops11.15
Deflox DmDeflox Dm Eye Drops27.62
Festive DFestive D 0.3%/0.1% Drop26.0
Flan DxFlan Dx Eye Drops13.75
O Cebran DO Cebran D 0.3%/0.1% Drops18.0
Ofc DxOfc Dx 0.3%/0.1% Drops10.67
OfdexOfdex 0.3%W/V/0.1%W/V Eye/Ear Drops12.0
Ofelder DOfelder D 0.3%/0.1% Drops10.53
Ofen DxOfen Dx 0.3%/0.1% Drops25.76
Oflo DmOflo Dm 0.3%/0.1% Eye Drops10.95
Oflomac DxOflomac Dx 0.3%/0.1% Eye/Ear Drops7.51
Oflozen DOflozen D 0.3%/0.1% Drops11.04
Olin DOlin D 0.3%/0.1% Eye Drops35.9
Omeflox DxOmeflox Dx 0.3%/0.1% Drops10.82
O Syn DxO Syn Dx Drops10.05
Oxop DOxop D 0.3%/0.1% Eye Drops11.71
Zevid DZevid D 0.3%/0.1% Drops16.8
Zo DZo D 0.3%/0.1% Eye Drop8.69
Zuflo DZuflo D 0.3%/0.1% Eye/Ear Drops8.75
Zynoff DZynoff D 0.3%/0.1% Eye Drop9.06
Oflacin DxOflacin Dx Eye Drop11.68
OfrondOfrond Eye Drops8.75
Protoflox DProtoflox D Eye/Ear Drops9.12
Amprabec NAmprabec N Cream55.5
Betnovate N CreamBetnovate N Cream22.85
Diprovate N PlusDiprovate N Plus Cream95.0
Appatoba DAppatoba D 0.3%/0.1% Eye Drops12.1
Itocin DItocin D 0.3%/0.1% Eye Drops21.25
Ocutob DOcutob D 0.3%/0.1% Eye Drops11.45
TobadexTobadex 0.3%/0.1% Eye Drops16.0
Tobaren DTobaren D 0.3%/0.1% Drops15.29
Tobaren DmTobaren Dm 0.3%/0.1% Eye Drops58.0
Tobazon DmTobazon Dm 0.3%/0.1% Drops9.92
TobradexTobradex 0.30%/.1% Drops18.29
Tobram DTobram D Eye Drops17.25
Toby DToby D 0.3%/0.1% Eye Drops11.08
Tojawa DTojawa D 0.3%/0.1% Drops13.67
TromadexTromadex 0.3%/0.1% Drops10.0
Paritob DParitob D Eye Drop37.71
TeradoxTeradox Eye Drops20.31
Tobacin DTobacin D Eye Drop35.9
Tobracid DmTobracid Dm Eye Drop13.56
Tobramed DTobramed D Eye/Ear Drops10.82
Tobrine DmTobrine Dm Eye Drops19.75
Tsun DTsun D Eye Drops19.15
TybroTybro Eye Drops40.0
Dexapin CDexapin C Eye Drop13.97
Bactoderm NBactoderm N 0.12%W/W/0.5%W/W/01%W/W Cream18.11
Benicort NBenicort N 0.5%/0.1% Drops9.18
Betal NBetal N Drops10.0
Betamethasone + Neomycin CreamBetamethasone Valerate 0.1 % w/w + Neomycin Sulfate 0.5 % w/w Cream14.85
Betamil NBetamil N 0.05%/0.5% Cream13.8
Betasone NBetasone N 0.5%/0.1% Drops17.6
EphytolEphytol Lotion44.88
Anglomet NAnglomet N Cream7.27
Betabiotic LBetabiotic L Drops28.5
Milbeta NMilbeta N 0.35%/0.1% Drops15.77
Solubin NSolubin N Drops19.41
Zobet NZobet N Cream22.87
Betaderm GBetaderm G Cream112.0
Betagel GBetagel G 0.05%/0.1% Cream11.6
Cortiderm GCortiderm G Cream 0.05%/1%20.31
DipgentaDipgenta 0.5 Mg/1 Mg Cream93.0
Propygenta EPropygenta E Cream80.72
Azonate GAzonate G 0.05% W/W/0.10% W/W Cream37.0
Beacon GBeacon G Ointment50.0
BetagenBetagen Cream32.81
Sternon GSternon G Gel63.0
Betaderm PlusBetaderm Plus Lotion79.03
BetalicBetalic 0.64 Mg/30 Mg Cream74.88
Betamethasone 0.05% W/W + Salicylic Acid 3% W/W CreamBetamethasone 0.05% W/W + Salicylic Acid 3% W/W Cream17.87
Betasalic OintmentBetasalic 0.05% W/V/3% W/V Ointment45.0
Betasalic EsBetasalic Es Cream60.0
CortisalCortisal Ointment31.88
DipsalicDipsalic 0.064%/2% Ointment138.0
Heal ItHeal It 0.05%/6% Cream29.91
Prosalic 6Prosalic 6 Ointment55.0
Salisone Mf OintmentSalisone Mf Ointment65.0
Salisone NU OintmentSalisone Nu Ointment60.0
SyncareSyncare Cream48.0
BetasalBetasal Lotion102.86
Bet Salic 3Bet Salic 3 Ointment53.8
Bet Salic 6Bet Salic 6 Ointment52.0
GlysalicGlysalic Ointment76.92
SalivateSalivate Ointment34.0
Betamil MBetamil M 0.05% W/W/2% W/W Cream15.2
Betnovate MBetnovate M Cream20.5
Diprovate PlusDiprovate Plus Cream62.1
Betasalic 6Betasalic 6 0.05%/6% Ointment76.0
Betasalic MfBetasalic Mf Ointment11.07
Betasalic S (Alive)Betasalic S Ointment60.0
SalibetSalibet Cream48.45
SalisoneSalisone Lotion (Betamethasone 0.025% w/w + Salicylic Acid 3% w/w)40.87
Betnovate SBetnovate S Ointment20.7
Betsalic SBetsalic S 0.064% W/W/2% W/W Lotion55.0
Propysalic EPropysalic E Ointment114.95
Betnederm GmBetnederm Gm 0.12%/0.1% Ointment27.06
BgBg 0.064%/0.1% Cream20.16
Exevate GExevate G 0.05%/0.1% Cream38.36
Gencin BGencin B Drops12.6
GentopicGentopic 0.64 Mg/1 Mg Cream11.68
PropygentaPropygenta Cream93.33
Tolnacomb (Surmuont)Tolnacomb Cream32.0
Dipnate GmDipnate Gm Cream38.36
Dipnate GDipnate G Ointment32.31
GarticGartic Ear Drops27.06
GentaleneGentalene 0.05%/0.1% Cream33.1
Genticyn BGenticyn B Eye Drops9.98
Gentosa BGentosa B Eye/Ear Drops15.9
MedidermMediderm Cream8.37
Betnovate GmBetnovate Gm Cream23.35
PropydermPropyderm Cream80.16
Betamil GmBetamil Gm Cream16.4
Biocip DBiocip D 0.3%/0.1% Drop9.8
Ceprolen DCeprolen D 0.3%/0.1% Eye Drops11.18
Ciplex (Leeford)Ciplex 0.3%/0.1% Eye Drops10.62
Cipromac D (Torque)Cipromac D Drop10.61
Ciprozen DCiprozen D 0.3%/0.1% Drops19.37
Kemocip DKemocip D 0.3%/0.1% Eye/Ear Drops9.71
Larcip DLarcip D 0.3%/0.1% Eye Drops7.25
Lucipro DLucipro D 0.3%/0.1% Eye/Ear Drops12.07
Zoxan DZoxan D 0.3%/0.1% Eye Drop8.59
Ahlox DAhlox D 0.3%/0.1% Eye Drops9.2
Cebran DCebran D Eye Drop9.33
Ceflox DCeflox D Drop26.0
Chlorodex (Sun)Chlorodex Drop10.0
Cifomed DCifomed D Drop16.75
Cipcos DCipcos D Drops14.0
Ciplox DCiplox D Eye/Ear Drops14.0
KemocipKemocip Eye/Ear Drops7.28
Swiflox DSwiflox D Eye Drop7.5
Garasol DGarasol D 0.3%/0.1% Drops11.5
Gencin D MGencin D M Drops18.0
Gentacip DGentacip D 0.3%/0.1% Drop9.62
Gentajin DGentajin D 0.3%/0.1% Eye Drops7.04
Gentamide DmGentamide Dm 0.3%/0.1% Eye Drops8.2
Gentapen DGentapen D 0.3%/0.1% Eye Drops8.36
Genticare DGenticare D 0.01%/0.3% Eye Drops9.66
GermentadGermentad 0.3%/0.1% Drops7.8
GlycortGlycort 0.3%/0.1% Drops10.0
Gentaglow DGentaglow D 0.3%/0.1% Eye Drops20.0
PyricortPyricort Eye Drop9.39
Biodexone NBiodexone N 0.5%/0.1% Eye Drops9.37
Dekortyn NDekortyn N 0.5%/0.1% Drops8.25
Dexacort NDexacort N 0.5%/0.1% Eye Ointment9.11
DexcinDexcin Eye/Ear Drops11.55
Opthodex NOpthodex N 0.5%/0.1% Drops9.41
Biosone PBiosone P Eye/Ear Drops40.0
Ocupol DOcupol D Eye Drop13.44
Renicol PxRenicol Px Eye Drops21.0
Takchlor CTakchlor C 10 Mg/1 Mg/5000 Iu Ointment46.2
Deximon PDeximon P Eye Drops22.5
Imix 10Imix 10 Eye Drops30.0
Imix D 10Imix D 10 Eye Drops80.0
Imix D 5Imix D 5 Eye Drops47.5
Imix DImix D Eye Drops36.25
Ocupol DxOcupol Dx Drop75.61
Canflo BnCanflo Bn 1%/0.05%/0.5% Cream43.86
Crota NCrota N Cream34.0
Sigmaderm NSigmaderm N 0.025%/1%/0.5% Cream57.2
Tolnacomb RfTolnacomb Rf Cream29.96
Xeva NcXeva Nc Tablet29.0
ZotadermZotaderm Cream27.62
Cans 3Cans 3 Capsule72.0
DermowenDermowen Cream29.45
ExoticExotic Drops29.75
Provate GcProvate Gc Cream40.0
Quadriderm AfQuadriderm Af 0.64 Mg/10 Mg/1 Mg Ointment43.31
XtradermXtraderm Cream44.18
KezidermKeziderm Cream20.18
Olprovate GcOlprovate Gc Ointment13.83
OmnidermOmniderm Cream37.94
D ChlorexD Chlorex Eye Drops7.99
Decakem CDecakem C Eye Drops11.76
DecoDeco 0.5%W/V/0.01%W/V Eye/Ear Drops10.62
Dekortyn CDekortyn C 1%/0.1% Drops8.86
DexamonDexamon 1%/0.1% Drops9.8
DeximonDeximon 0.5%/0.1% Eye Drops47.55
Eptico DEptico D 5%/0.1% Drops9.66
KlorumdKlorumd 1%/0.1% Drops7.8
OpthodexOpthodex 1%/0.1% Eye Drops9.4
Opthodex SOpthodex S Drops9.75
PolydexPolydex 1%/0.1% Eye/Ear Drops43.75
RenidexRenidex 1%/0.1% Drops8.89
AvimonAvimon Eye Drops11.0
CareCare Drops51.05
Chlorgull DChlorgull D Eye/Ear Drops7.37
ChloridexChloridex Eye Drops20.87
Chlormet DmChlormet Dm Drops11.75
Chlorodex (Leeford)Chlorodex Eye Drop10.0
ClodilClodil Eye Drops35.87
Pc DexPc Dex Eye/Ear Drops37.98
PyrimonPyrimon Eye Drop11.4
VisomerVisomer Eye Drop23.93
Defcort TmDefcort Tm 0.4 Mg/30 Mg Tablet531.0
Tamfil STamfil S Capsule551.0
Diprovate Plus GDiprovate Plus G Cream65.4
Betzee GBetzee G Cream11.6
Floxol BFloxol B Eye Drops41.01
Omeflox BmOmeflox Bm 0.1%W/W/0.3%W/W Eye Ointment19.0
B FaxB Fax Eye Drops35.27
Fourderm AfFourderm Af Cream100.0
FucibetFucibet 1 Mg/20 Mg Cream50.6
Fusigen BFusigen B 0.1%/0.2% Ointment56.42
Futop BFutop B 0.1%/2% Cream35.5
Fusiderm BFusiderm B 1.2 Mg/20 Mg Cream35.08
Fusitop BFusitop B Cream62.27
Heximar BHeximar B 0.05% W/W/0.005% W/W Ointment411.0
Psoriex PlusPsoriex Plus Ointment903.41
Sorfil SSorfil S Ointment935.0
KedexKedex 0.5%/0.1% Eye Drop50.0
KetrodexKetrodex Eye Drop70.0
Low DexLow Dex Eye/Ear Drops9.75
Mupirax BMupirax B 0.05%/2% Ointment74.8
Stemin MuStemin Mu Ointment72.8
NordexNordex Eye Drops44.88
Occumox BmOccumox Bm Eye Drop26.92
PropyzolePropyzole Cream109.52
Propyzole EPropyzole E Cream96.18
Toprap CToprap C Cream36.88
Canflo BCanflo B Cream34.62
Rusidid BRusidid B 1%/0.025% Cream49.0
Azonate GcAzonate Gc Cream26.5
B N C (Omega)B N C Burn Care Cream35.86
Gentalene CGentalene C Cream45.0
SofradexSofradex Cream29.42
Sofradex FSofradex F Cream25.58
Surfaz SnSurfaz Sn + Cream60.14
Neo CeodermNeo Ceoderm Ointment8.43
QurefastQurefast Ointment57.75
Tympalin CTympalin C Drops45.0
Solubin CSolubin C Drop13.75
Dr. Reckeweg Curcuma Longa QCurcuma Mother Tincture Q230.0
ADEL Curcuma Longa Mother Tincture QCurcuma Longa Mother Tincture Q265.0

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