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What is Bell’s palsy?

Bell’s palsy is a condition in which the facial muscles become weak or paralysed on one side. This happens due to damage to the facial nerve supplying these muscles. However, these muscles are temporarily affected, and the condition usually resolves completely with treatment.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

  • Bell’s palsy typically affects the muscles on one side of the face only. In about 1% of cases, the effect is bilateral.
  • The movements controlled by the facial nerve are affected. Patients experience difficulty in blinking, opening the mouth on the affected side, smiling and chewing.
  • There may be a pain on that side of the face, particularly in the jaw and head.
  • The eyelids droop and saliva drools from the corner of the mouth, due to muscle weakness.
  • Taste sensation on the front part of the tongue may also be affected.

What are the main causes of Bell's palsy?

  • The exact cause of Bell’s palsy remains unknown; however, there are several viral infections which are said to trigger it. These include herpes simplex, herpes zoster, HIV, cytomegalovirus and Epstein Barr virus.

Risk factors for the disease include:

Any factor that can cause trauma, inflammation or damage to the facial nerve can contribute to Bell’s palsy.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

The diagnosis requires a physical evaluation, along with imaging and blood tests.

  • The doctor will examine the face based on the symptoms, and check for signs like drooping of eyelids, drooling of saliva, etc.
  • Imaging techniques like an MRI or CT scan help to see the condition of the facial nerve.
  • If the physician suspects a viral infection, a blood test is done to confirm the same.
  • Diagnosis also relies on excluding other conditions like stroke, Lyme disease and brain tumour.

The treatment for Bell’s palsy is highly dependent on the identified causes or risk factors.

  • Corticosteroids are the standard drugs used for treating this condition. They are known to provide relief over a period of 6 months. However, it is important to start treatment with steroids early in the condition.
  • If a virus is suspected to be the cause, antiviral drugs are given.
  • Along with medicines, muscle exercises through physiotherapy are also advised.
  • In severe cases, where the nerve is compressed or affected by trauma, a surgical procedure may have to be performed to relieve compression.
  • The condition is known to resolve in a few months and rarely recurs.
  1. Medicines for Bell's Palsy
  2. Doctors for Bell's Palsy
Dr. Swati Narang

Dr. Swati Narang

न्यूरोलॉजी

Dr. Megha Tandon

Dr. Megha Tandon

न्यूरोलॉजी

Dr. Shakti Mishra

Dr. Shakti Mishra

न्यूरोलॉजी

Medicines for Bell's Palsy

Medicines listed below are available for Bell's Palsy. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
DispredDispred 0.1% Eye Drop29.0
EmsoloneEmsolone 10 Mg Tablet21.0
KidpredKidpred Syrup25.0
MethpredMethpred 125 Mg Injection250.0
OmnacortilOmnacortil 10 Mg Tablet Dt9.0
Omnacortil ForteOmnacortil Forte 15 Mg Oral Suspension44.0
Prednisolone Acetate (Alcon Lab)Prednisolone Acetate 1% Drop66.0
Prednisolone Acetate (Aller)Prednisolone Acetate 10 Mg Suspension66.0
PredonePredone 1% Eye Drop29.0
Sol U PredSol U Pred 1 Gm Injection1042.0
WysoloneWysolone 10 Mg Tablet Dt14.0
ActicortActicort 10 Mg Tablet9.0
AdredAdred 20 Mg Tablet27.0
Apred(Acron)Apred 5 Mg Tablet4.0
ApredApred Drops35.0
AquapredAquapred 1% Eye Drops40.0
DefsoneDefsone 30 Mg Tablet299.0
DelsoneDelsone 10 Mg Tablet9.0
ElpredElpred Forte 15 Mg Syrup75.0
EmosolinEmosolin 5 Mg Tablet9.0
GopredGopred 1% Eye Drops37.0
Immupress D30Immupress D30 Tablet180.0
Immupress D6Immupress D6 Tablet40.0
KazipredKazipred Eye Drops36.0
LancepredLancepred 40 Mg Tablet24.0
MednisolMednisol 1 Gm Injection1131.0
MonocortilMonocortil 10 Mg Tablet6.0
Mpa(Chn)Mpa 80 Mg Injection82.0
MpssMpss 1 Gm Injection942.0
NisoloneNisolone 10 Mg Tablet9.0
NoloneNolone 16 Mg Tablet90.0
NucortNucort 0.5 Mg Drop11.0
Pcort (Pharmtak)Pcort 10 Mg Tablet7.0
PcortPcort Eye Drops10.0
P D NP D N Drop17.0
PednisolPednisol 10 Mg Tablet7.0
P LoneP Lone 1% W/V Eye Drop16.0
Pred AcetatePred Acetate Drop66.0
PredcipPredcip 5 Mg Tablet5.0
PreddiPreddi 5 Mg Tablet3.0
Pred FortePred Forte 1% W/V Eye Drop35.0
PredicortPredicort 10 Mg Tablet9.0
PredlyPredly 1% Eye Drop26.0
PrednijPrednij 5 Mg Tablet4.0
Prednij FortePrednij Forte 10 Mg Tablet8.0
PredninPrednin 1% Eye Drops40.0
Prednin APrednin A 1% Eye Drops16.0
PrednisafePrednisafe 1% Eye Drops28.0
Prednisolone Forte (Allergen)Prednisolone Forte Drops98.0
PredniwaPredniwa 1% Eye Drops29.0
PrednolonePrednolone 5 Mg Tablet6.0
PredsPreds 1% Drops19.0
PredsolPredsol 10 Mg Eye Drops35.0
PrendicarePrendicare 16 Mg Tablet116.0
PresolonPresolon 1% Drop10.0
RaycortRaycort 1%W/V Eye Drops66.0
RenisolRenisol 1% Drops8.0
SancortSancort 10 Mg Tablet8.0
SanpredSanpred 1% Eye Drops32.0
SiopredSiopred 1% Drops35.0
SodipredSodipred 1000 Mg Injection880.0
SolonSolon 10 Mg Tablet66.0
SolumarkSolumark 1000 Mg Injection1271.0
XtrapredXtrapred 0.25% Drops17.0
ZenpredZenpred 1 Gm Injection895.0
AnesolinAnesolin 30 Mg Injection60.0
CerucleanCeruclean Drop29.0
Engatt PEngatt P Eye Drops62.0
M PredM Pred 4 Mg Tablet45.0
PrecortPrecort 5 Mg Tablet85.0
PredinsolnePredinsolne Drops93.0
Prednisolone OpthoPrednisolone Optho Suspension43.0
4 Quin Pd4 Quin Pd 0.5% W/V/1% W/V Eye Drop76.92
Apdrops PdApdrops Pd 0.5% W/V/1% W/V Eye Drop26.0
CombaceCombace 0.5%/1% Eye Drops12.91
Mo 4 PdMo 4 Pd Ear Drop90.0
MoxipredMoxipred Eye Drops14.57
Moxigram PMoxigram P Eye Drop13.65
Occumox POccumox P Eye Drop19.75
Aquapred OAquapred O 0.3%/1% Eye Drops45.91
ExopredExopred 0.3%/1% Eye Drop46.8
Ofelder PaOfelder Pa 0.3%/1% Drops18.17
Oflo POflo P 3 Mg/10 Mg Eye Drops11.18
Ofray POfray P 0.3%/1% Eye Drops49.0
OmepredOmepred 0.3%/1% Eye Drops12.9
OploneOplone 0.3%/1% Eye Drops42.2
PredfaxPredfax 0.3%/1% Eye Drops10.36
Preds OPreds O 0.3%/1% Eye Drops42.0
ZypredZypred 0.3%/1% Eye Drop15.0
OcepredOcepred Eye Drop13.36
Gatiquin PGatiquin P 0.3% W/V/1% W/V Eye Drop94.0
PredzyPredzy 3 Mg/10 Mg Eye Drops60.0
Gatsun PGatsun P 0.3%/1% Drops12.84
Siogat PSiogat P 0.3%/1% Eye Drops55.53
Zengat PZengat P Eye Drops13.1
Z PredZ Pred 0.3%/1% Eye Drops51.25
Gate PdGate Pd 3 Mg/10 Mg Eye Drops25.9
Gate P PGate P P 3 Mg/10 Mg Eye Drops28.35
Mlobe PdMlobe Pd Eye Drop90.0
OrecureOrecure Ear Drops59.7
P.ColP.Col Drops25.0
PerfocynPerfocyn Ear Drop13.03
Ossilex AcOssilex Ac Drops21.87

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