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What is Eyelid Inflammation?

Inflammation in the eyelid chiefly occurs due to a bacterial infection in the different parts of the eyelid. Hair follicles in the eyelashes, the Meibomian gland (oil-secreting glands which prevent dryness in the eyes), and lachrymal glands (tear secreting glands) are the common sites of inflammation in the eyelid. Eyelid inflammation has a tendency to recur.

What are the main signs and symptoms of eye inflammation?

Eyelid inflammation presents as different signs and symptoms depending on the site of inflammation.

  • Blepharitis – It is the inflammation of the hair follicles in the eyelashes at the eyelid margin. The common symptoms include
    • Red, swollen, and painful eyelid margins
    • Thick crust or flakes at the base the eyelashes
    • Irritation and burning eyes
    • Increased sensitivity or intolerance to light.
  • Chalazion – It is a bump in the eyelid resulting from blockage in the superficially lying sweat gland (the Zeis gland). The blockage does not occur due to an infection. Chronic blepharitis or chronic stye frequently results in chalazion.
    • Initially, redness and pain is present in the affected area of the eyelid
    • Chalazion is painless in later stage
    • A chalazion occurs in one or both eyelids at the same time
  • Hordeolum or Stye – It is a painful lump in the eyelid margin due infection at hair follicle of the eye lashes and Meibomian gland lying deep inside the eyelid
    • Affected eyelid is red and swollen
    • Stye is painful sometimes oozing pus
    • Redness and watering in the affected eye
  • Dacryoadenitis and Dacryocystitis – It is the inflammation of tear-secreting gland and its sac, respectively, because of bacterial or viral infection.

What are the main causes of eyelid inflammation?

Infection due to bacteria or viruses is the chief cause of eyelid inflammation. Other conditions that are commonly associated with eyelid inflammation include

  • Seborrheic dermatitis, which involves oil glands in the skin of the scalp, eyebrows, eyelids, etc.
  • Rosacea (flushing and redness of skin on face) is frequently seen with blepharitis
  • Reduction in or abnormality in the oil secreted by oil glands in the eyelids

How is eyelid inflammation diagnosed and treated?

Doctors diagnose different types of eyelid inflammation mainly on the basis of physical examination of the eye and history of symptoms.

Treatment is aimed at treating the cause, reducing inflammation, and relieving other symptoms occurring due to inflammation.

  • Antibiotic eye drops are mainly used to treat the infection
  • Steroid eye drops are used when inflammation is severe
  • Doctors commonly prescribe anti-dandruff shampoo when blepharitis is associated with dandruff

Self-care measures can be beneficial

  • Warm compression or fomentation helps in decreasing the inflammation and increasing the circulation of oil in the eyelid
  • Gentle massage on the eyelids helps in removing the blockages in the oil glands
  • Warm water mixed with mild soap or gentle scrubbing is used to clean the sticky crust or flakes on the eyelids
  • Maintaining proper hygiene can prevent repeated infections
  1. Medicines for Eyelid Inflammation

Medicines for Eyelid Inflammation

Medicines listed below are available for Eyelid Inflammation. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Soframycin Cream Soframycin 1% Skin Cream104
BetnesolBETNESOL 0.1% EYE DROPS 5ML0
PropyzolePropyzole Cream0
Dr. Reckeweg Variolinum DilutionDr. Reckeweg Variolinum Dilution 1000 CH136
Schwabe Natrum muriaticum TabletSchwabe Natrum muriaticum Biochemic Tablet 200X560
Lotepred TLotepred T Eye Drop122
Propyzole EPropyzole E Cream0
Canflo BnCanflo Bn 1%/0.05%/0.5% Cream34
LotetobLotetob 0.3/0.5% Eye Drops76
Toprap CToprap C Cream28
Mama Natura NisikindSchwabe Nisikind Globules88
Crota NCrota N Cream27
TobaflamTobaflam Eye Drop129
Canflo BCanflo B Cream27
Sigmaderm NSigmaderm N 0.025%/1%/0.5% Cream45
FucibetFUCIBET 10GM CREAM44
Rusidid BRusidid B 1%/0.025% Cream39
SBL Senega DilutionSBL Senega Dilution 1000 CH86
Tolnacomb RfTolnacomb Rf Cream23
Fusigen BFusigen B 0.1%/0.2% Ointment44
ADEL 34 Ailgeno DropADEL 34 Ailgeno Drop200
Xeva NcXeva Nc Tablet23
Futop BFutop B 0.1%/2% Cream33
ToboxTobox Eye Drop104
ADEL 36 Pollon DropADEL 36 Pollon Drop200

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References

  1. Association of Optometrists. WHAT IS MEIBOMIAN GLAND DYSFUNCTION (MGD)?. London; [Internet]
  2. National Institutes of Health. Blepharitis Defined. The National Eye Institute; [Internet]
  3. National Health Service [Internet]. UK; Blepharitis
  4. National Health Service [Internet]. UK; Stye
  5. American Academy of Ophthalmology. Lacrimal Sac (Dacryocystitis). [internet]
  6. American Academy of Dermatology. Rosemont (IL), US; ROSACEA: OVERVIEW
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