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What is brucellosis?

Brucellosis is named after its causative organism – a group of bacteria called Brucella. It is a rare disease and is not life-threatening as long as there are no accompanying complications.

Brucellosis is an infection which affects both animals and humans. The bacteria spread through contaminated food. It can also spread through the air or be contracted through an open wound.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The symptoms of brucellosis are very similar to those of flu. They usually include:

What are the main causes of brucellosis?

The bacteria Brucella, which cause this condition, are largely found in raw meat and unpasteurised milk. Common routes of infection include inhaling the bacteria, ingesting contaminated food or through an open wound by contact with infected animals. Although not common, it can also be passed on through sexual contact and breastfeeding. People who work in ranches and farms and are in close contact with animals are at higher risk of contracting this disease.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

A persistent flu-like state which does not subside or respond to treatment may warrant testing for brucellosis. The diagnosis can be slightly tricky since it may sometimes take well over a month for any signs to show. Diagnosis includes:

  • Blood tests
  • Urine tests
  • Testing cerebrospinal fluid
  • Bone marrow culture

Medication is the mainstay of treatment for brucellosis. Antibiotics, including a combination of doxycycline and rifampin, are usually prescribed. While treatment may take a few weeks before marked improvement is seen, it is important to remember that the chances of recurrence later in life is common. It is important, therefore, to limit exposure to animals, be cautious when around them and avoid consuming raw meat and unpasteurised dairy products.

While the disease in itself is not lethal, persistent infection can be dangerous and can cause inflammation in the brain and membranes surrounding it. It can also cause infections in the lining of the heart and lesions in the joints and bones.

  1. Medicines for Brucellosis
  2. Doctors for Brucellosis
Dr. Neha Gupta

Dr. Neha Gupta

संक्रामक रोग

Dr. Jogya Bori

Dr. Jogya Bori

संक्रामक रोग

Dr. Lalit Shishara

Dr. Lalit Shishara

संक्रामक रोग

Medicines for Brucellosis

Medicines listed below are available for Brucellosis. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Microdox LbxMicrodox Lbx Capsule55
Doxt SlDoxt Sl Capsule66
ResteclinResteclin 250 Mg Capsule11
TetlinTetlin 250 Mg Capsule0
TetracylineTETRACYCLINE 500MG CAPSULE 10S0
TetrastarTetrastar 500 Mg Capsule8
Clop MgClop Mg 0.05%/0.1%/2% Cream34
FubacFUBAC CREAM 10GM0
Clovate GmClovate Gm Cream0
Cosvate GmCosvate Gm Cream18
Dermac GmDermac Gm Cream32
Doxy 1Doxy 10
Etan GmEtan Gm Cream16
Azonate GcAzonate Gc Cream0
Globet GmGLOBET GM CREAM 20GM0
B N C (Omega)B N C Burn Care Cream28
Cans 3Cans 3 Capsule57
Lobate GmLOBATE GM LOTION 25ML71
DermowenDermowen Cream0
Gentalene CGENTALENE C CREAM 9GM0
ExoticExotic Drops57
Clobenate GmCLOBENATE GM CREAM 20GM0

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References

  1. Center for Disease Control and Prevention [internet], Atlanta (GA): US Department of Health and Human Services; Brucellosis
  2. Center for food security and public health. Brucellosis. Iowa State University of Science and Technology, United States. [internet].
  3. World Health Organization [Internet]. Geneva (SUI): World Health Organization; Brucellosis (human)
  4. Department of Health. Brucellosis. New York State. [internet].
  5. Center for health protection. Brucellosis. Department of health: Government of Hong Kong special administration region. [internet].
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