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What is asthma in children?

Asthma is a chronic disease marked by episodes of cough, wheezing and breathing difficulty. Approximately half the cases of asthma are recorded in children. Children are more prone to asthma owing to their narrower airways, which makes asthma more serious in children, as compared to adults. Hence, detecting and treating asthma in children is crucial. Many children get relieved of of asthma by the time they enter adolescence.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Symptoms of asthma can be seen rather early on in children, often even before they turn 5. While the symptoms are fairly pronounced, it may be hard to conclude that it is really asthma. Different children may experience a range of symptoms, the most generic of them being:

  • Persistent cough
  • Wheezing
  • Frequent colds
  • Constriction in the chest, resulting in breathing trouble or rapid breathing

What are its main causes?

The main causes of asthma include:

  • A variety of allergens like animal dander, dust, pollen and mould
  • Exercise and high altitude
  • Cold climate and/or changes in the weather
  • Infections like cold and flu
  • Pollutants and irritants including smoke

Symptoms are usually more pronounced early in the morning or late at night.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

The doctor obtains a detailed medical history including episodes of breathing trouble at birth and a family history of asthma. A physical examination of the heart and lungs is then conducted. Doctors may also advise a lung function test which will measure the lung capacity and the amount of air breathed in and out.

Treatment for asthma is usually two-folded:

  • Immediate relief: This is immediate treatment for instances when an asthma attack occurs. Doctors usually prescribe inhalers which are meant for use as soon as a symptom is experienced. Immediate relief is also aimed at treating coughing and wheezing.
  • Long-term treatment uses medications like steroids and beta agonists to reduce inflammation in the airways and provide a clearer passage for breathing.
  • In addition, doctors may suggest a close watch for prevention of exposure to allergens and potential triggers of asthma attacks. In some cases, allergy shots may also be given.
  1. Medicines for Asthma in Children
  2. Doctors for Asthma in Children
Dr. Yeeshu Singh Sudan

Dr. Yeeshu Singh Sudan

पीडियाट्रिक

Dr. Veena Raghunathan

Dr. Veena Raghunathan

पीडियाट्रिक

Dr. Sunit Chandra Singhi

Dr. Sunit Chandra Singhi

पीडियाट्रिक

Medicines for Asthma in Children

Medicines listed below are available for Asthma in Children. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Telekast LTELEKAST L KID 30ML SYRUP32
Triz LmTriz Lm 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet74
Vitaresp FxVITARESP FX TABLET164
LevolinLevolin 0.31 Mg Respules 2.5 Ml2
AsthalinAsthalin 5 mg Respirator Solution8
MontralMontral 2.5 Mg/4 Mg Syrup64
Viscodyne SViscodyne S 4 Mg/100 Mg/1 Mg/2 Mg Syrup53
AerocortAEROCORT CFC FREE 200MD INHALER164
Ascoril LsASCORIL LS JUNIOR 60ML SYRUP55
DuolinDuolin 1.25mg/500mcg Respules 2.5ml0
Montair LcMontair Lc 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet132
Montek LcMontek Lc Kid Tablet71
Montina LMONTINA L SYRUP 60ML43
FilistinFilistin 1 Mg/30 Mg Syrup33
Theo SalbidTheo Salbid 2 Mg/100 Mg Tablet1
ResRes 1 Mg/15 Mg Liquid238
Mont LcMont Lc 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet60
SalbrexSalbrex Expectorant30
Mont LevMont Lev 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet96
Servil Baby SyrupServil Baby Syrup0
Alt FMALT FM TABLET112
MontlevoMontlevo 25 Mg/4 Mg Suspension36
AfinedayAfineday 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet116
Siokof AsSiokof As Syrup50
FubacFUBAC CREAM 10GM0

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

References

  1. American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology [Internet]. Milwaukee (WI); Asthma in Children
  2. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Asthma in Children
  3. Wim M. van Aalderen. Childhood Asthma: Diagnosis and Treatment. Scientifica (Cairo). 2012; 2012: 674204. PMID: 24278725
  4. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Asthma in children. Centre for Disease Control and Prevention
  5. Better health channel. Department of Health and Human Services [internet]. State government of Victoria; Asthma in children

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