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What is chlamydia?

Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted infection affecting both men and women. Chlamydia trachomatis is the bacterium that causes the disease.

A person who has had the condition once can get re-infected if the bacteria enter their body.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Some people who have chlamydia may have no symptoms at all, until they come in contact with an infected person again.

The common symptoms in men include:

  • Burning sensation during urination
  • Discharge from the penis, along with a burning sensation

Symptoms in women are:

In an infant, the symptoms can include those seen in eye and lung infections.

What are its main causes?

  • A person can get chlamydia through sexual intercourse. Having oral, anal or vaginal sex with an infected partner puts you at risk of getting the infection.
  • An infected mother can pass on the infection to her child during childbirth.
  • Having unprotected sex, or sex with multiple partners, puts you at risk of getting a sexually transmitted infection, including chlamydia. (Read more: How to have safe sex)

How is it diagnosed and treated?

  • If you have no symptoms but suspect that you may have been exposed to chlamydia, it is important to inform your physician about your sexual history.
  • A vaginal swab is taken from a female to check for the infection.
  • In men, the urine is tested.

Treatment is as follows:

  • Antibiotics comprise the standard treatment for chlamydia since it is a bacterial infection.
  • Depending on the type of antibiotic given, the course may extend up to 10-14 days. It is important to complete the entire course to make sure you are completely free of the infection.
  • Complications include spread of infection to the uterus and cervix in females, leading to more severe problems such as infertility.
  • In males, the infection can spread to the prostate gland or the urethra.
  1. Medicines for Chlamydia
  2. Doctors for Chlamydia
Dr. Neha Gupta

Dr. Neha Gupta

संक्रामक रोग

Dr. Jogya Bori

Dr. Jogya Bori

संक्रामक रोग

Dr. Lalit Shishara

Dr. Lalit Shishara

संक्रामक रोग

Medicines for Chlamydia

Medicines listed below are available for Chlamydia. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
AzibactAzibact 100 Mg/5 Ml Redimix Suspension21
AtmAtm 100 Mg Tablet Xl20
AzibestAzibest 100 Mg Suspension23
AzilideAzilide 100 Mg Redimix22
ZithroxZithrox 100 Mg Suspension20
AzeeAZEE 100MG DRY 15ML SYRUP27
AlthrocinAlthrocin 100 Mg Drop28
Microdox LbxMicrodox Lbx Capsule55
Doxt SlDoxt Sl Capsule66
AzithralAzithral XL 200 Liquid 60ml152
Ritolide 250 Mg TabletRitolide 250 Mg Tablet168
ResteclinResteclin 250 Mg Capsule14
ZomycinZomycin 250 Mg Tablet26
TetlinTetlin 250 Mg Capsule0
ZybactZybact 250 Mg Tablet84
TetracylineTETRACYCLINE 500MG CAPSULE 10S0
Zycin(Cdl)Zycin 250 Mg Tablet54
TetrastarTetrastar 500 Mg Capsule8
ZycinZycin 250 Mg Capsule56
ZyroZyro 500 Mg Tablet47
Doxy 1Doxy 169
Acnetoin TabletAcnetoin 10 Mg Tablet60
Agrocin TabletAgrocin 250 Mg Tablet8

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References

  1. Elwell C et al. Chlamydia cell biology and pathogenesis.. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2016 Jun;14(6):385-400. PMID: 27108705
  2. Marc O. Beem et al. Respiratory-Tract Colonization and a Distinctive Pneumonia Syndrome in Infants Infected with Chlamydia trachomatis. The New England Journal of Medicine; February 10, 1977
  3. Catherine M. O’Connell et al. Chlamydia trachomatis Genital Infections. Microb Cell. 2016 Sep 5; 3(9): 390–403. PMID: 28357377
  4. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Chlamydia Infections
  5. Kalpana Betha et al. Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis among Childbearing Age Women in India: A Systematic Review. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 2016; 2016: 8561645. PMID: 27672303
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