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What is female hypogonadism?

Female hypogonadism is a disorder or failure in the functioning of female reproductive organs, especially the ovaries. Sometimes there is a complete lack of or reduction in the release of female hormones due to a disorder in the functioning and coordination between the pituitary gland, the hypothalamus in the brain and the female sex organs. As a result, there is a decrease or complete absence in the release of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinising hormone (LH) by the ovaries. This condition is called hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH).

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The chief signs and symptoms associated with female hypogonadism include:

  • Absence of puberty
  • Lack of development of secondary sexual characteristics, such as breasts and pubic hair
  • Failure to grow in height
  • Absence of periods (Read more: Amenorrhea causes and treatment)
  • Frequent changes in mood
  • Weakness and tiredness to carry out activities
  • Hot flushes
  • Absence of sense of smell (Kallmann syndrome) when hypogonadism is inherited
  • Deficiency of other hormones, headache, etc. in case of tumour of pituitary gland

What are its main causes?

Female hypogonadism is either present at birth or acquired. Important causes responsible for female hypogonadism include:

  • Abnormality in genes or birth defect
  • Chronic diseases, including chronic infections or inflammation
  • Autoimmune disorders
  • Malnutrition (excessive weight loss)
  • Excessive physical exercise (as in athletes)
  • High doses of steroid-containing medicines
  • Misuse of drugs
  • Increased mental stress
  • Tumour or injury related to the pituitary gland and hypothalamus
  • Radiation therapy for the treatment of cancer in brain
  • Iron overload

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Doctors diagnose female hypogonadism with the help of:

  • Detailed history of
    • Symptoms
    • Menarche and menstrual cycles
    • Genetic conditions in the family
    • Past and current illnesses
    • Radiation, chemotherapy or medications like corticosteroids and opiates used in the past or currently
    • Mental stress, depression and anxiety
  • Physical examination for secondary sexual characteristics, such as pubic hair and breast development
  • Blood tests
    • FSH levels
    • LH levels after injection of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
    • Levels of thyroid hormones, prolactin hormone and testosterone
    • Iron levels
  • Karyotyping for detecting defects in chromosomes (e.g. Turner syndrome, Kallmann syndrome)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of brain to detect tumours in the pituitary gland and hypothalamus

Treatment of female hypogonadism involves treating the cause. Treatment commonly involves:

  • GnRH injection
  • Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) injection
  • Oral contraceptive pills containing oestrogen and progesterone
  • Correction of diet and nutrition
  • Management of stress
  • Calcium and vitamin supplements
  1. Medicines for Female Hypogonadism

Medicines for Female Hypogonadism

Medicines listed below are available for Female Hypogonadism. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Cyclenorm ECyclenorm E 0.01 Mg Tablet14.0
Ethinorm EEthinorm E 0.1 Mg Tablet14.0
EvomidEvomid Tablet12.0
LynoralLynoral 0.01 Mg Tablet22.0
Secam ESecam E 0.02 Mg Tablet14.0
VeronicaVeronica Kit 0.03 Mg Tablet699.0
T Pill TabletT Pill 0.15 Mg/0.03 Mg Tablet57.77
AsmitaAsmita 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Tablet405.0
CrisantaCrisanta 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Tablet347.0
Crisanta LsCrisanta Ls 0.02 Mg/3 Mg Tablet247.5
DorisDoris 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Tablet348.5
DrospyDrospy Tablet390.0
HervoteHervote 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Tablet318.0
JanyaJanya 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Tablet290.0
PadminiPadmini 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Kit350.0
RasminRasmin 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Tablet299.0
YaminiYamini 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Tablet349.0
Yamini KitYamini Kit 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Tablet383.0
Yamini Ls KitYamini Ls Kit 0.02 Mg/3 Mg Tablet234.5
YanciYanci 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Tablet350.0
YasminYasmin 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Tablet413.0
YazYaz 3 Mg/0.02 Mg Tablet390.0
DronisDronis 20 Tablet296.0
DrosmacDrosmac 20 Mcg Tablet235.0
DrostolDrostol Tablet290.0
ButipilButipil 0.035 Mg/2 Mg Tablet184.25
CarpelaCarpela 0.035 Mg/2 Mg Tablet264.0
CarrolCarrol 0.035 Mg/2 Mg Tablet197.05
ElestraElestra 0.035 Mg/2 Mg Tablet312.7
EstranonEstranon Tablet260.0
EvashineEvashine 0.035 Mg/2 Mg Tablet210.0
GinetteGinette 0.035 Mg/2 Mg Tablet282.5
HerfaceHerface 0.035 Mg/2 Mg Tablet241.0
HersuitHersuit 0.035 Mg/2 Mg Tablet201.81
KrimsonKrimson Tablet282.0
Cyna KitCyna Kit Tablet195.0
My PillMy Pill Tablet233.0
Dear TabletDear Tablet102.3
Divacon TabletDivacon 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet59.53
Duoluton L TabletDuoluton L 0.25 Mg/0.05 Mg Tablet139.5
Loette TabletLoette Tablet177.1
Ovilow TabletOvilow 0.02 Mg/0.1 Mg Tablet104.0
Ovral G TabletOvral G 0.05 Mg/0.5 Mg Tablet160.74
Ovral L TabletOvral L 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet64.47
Suvida TabletSuvida 0.3 Mg/0.03 Mg Tablet30.0
Triquilar TabletTriquilar Tablet90.5
Dearloe TabletDearloe 0.02 Mg/0.1 Mg Tablet93.02
Ergest TabletErgest 0.05 Mg/0.25 Mg Tablet68.48
Ergest Ld TabletErgest Ld 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet70.56
Esro TabletEsro 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet65.0
Esro G TabletEsro G 0.050 Mg/0.250 Mg Tablet70.0
Esro L TabletEsro L 0.02 Mg/0.10 Mg Tablet60.0
Florina TabletFlorina 0.1 Mg/0.02 Mg Tablet67.25
Florina G TabletFlorina G 0.05 Mg/0.25 Mg Tablet96.0
Florina N TabletFlorina N Tablet96.0
Mala D TabletMala D Tablet2.75
Nogestol TabletNogestol 0.15 Mg/0.03 Mg Tablet63.0
Orgalutin TabletOrgalutin 0.05 Mg/2.5 Mg Tablet22.91
Levora TabletLevora 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet25.0
Lyna TabletLyna Tablet55.0
Oc 21 TabletOc 21 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet78.0
Ovral TabletOvral Tablet70.56
Unwanted Pregcard TabletUnwanted Pregcard 21 Days Tablet58.0
Descon KitDescon Kit150.0
DesoleeDesolee 0.15 Mg/0.02 Mg Tablet76.83
DestrogenDestrogen 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet100.0
ElogenElogen 0.02 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet111.0
FamyceptFamycept Kit 0.02 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet175.0
FemilonFemilon Tablet194.0
I ConI Con 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet95.65
Intimacy PlusIntimacy Plus 0.02 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet104.86
JulianaJuliana 0.02 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet132.0
LocipilLocipil 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet150.0
LovalisLovalis 0.15 Mg/0.03 Mg Tablet85.71
Lovalis LLovalis L Tablet80.95
Novelon TabletNovelon 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet167.0
OvulocOvuloc 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet118.0
Ovuloc LdOvuloc Ld 0.02 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet115.5
MilianaMiliana Tablet132.0
Harmoni FHarmoni F 2 Mg/0.035 Mg/5 Mg Tablet281.4
ChoiceChoice Tablet30.0

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