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What is fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia is a painful condition that affects the muscles of the entire body. The individuals affected with this condition usually have more sensitivity to pain than people who do not have this condition. In India, it affects 0.5% to 2% of the population. It is common in women; nearly 3-7 times more than in men.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The frequently occurring symptoms include:

  • Pain, tenderness and rigidity over the entire body, especially in certain spots
  • Feeling lethargic
  • Inability to sleep well
  • Intense headache
  • Severe menstrual pain
  • Loss of sensation or tingling of the limbs
  • Memory problems  
  • Depressive episodes (Read more: Depression symptoms)

Female preponderance is more in this condition than males and affected women experience morning tiredness, entire body pain, and irritable bowel syndrome.       

What are its main causes?

The exact reason for this condition is still not known, though it is said that genetics may be involved. They may experience pain sensations more rapidly than others. The trigger factors that precipitate this condition are:

  • Hormonal alterations
  • Stress levels
  • Climate changes

How is it diagnosed and treated?

The diagnosis includes a detailed history taking, where the patient may be asked about the severity of the condition, points of tenderness, triggers and others. Symptoms most often provide a clear picture of the condition. Laboratory tests are usually not needed except to rule out other condition that can cause body pain and lethargy. It may take years for the patient to understand this condition. Imaging, especially X-ray may be done to rule out other diseases.

Treatment usually includes combination of medications and non-drug methods:

  • Pain relieving medicines
  • Exercising daily for muscle strength
  • Sleep improvement techniques
  • Management of stress by performing yoga, or meditation
  • Depression or anxiety may be managed by cognitive behavioural therapy.

Self-care tips:

  • Exercising and engaging oneself in physical activities may help control symptoms.
  • Self-care classes can help overcome difficulties in performing daily activities.

Since it is a life-long severe condition, symptom-relieving techniques are usually beneficial to improve the quality of life. Proper follow-up and consulting with the physician about any queries regarding the condition can help restore confidence and improve fibromyalgia.

  1. Medicines for Fibromyalgia
  2. Doctors for Fibromyalgia
Dr. Vivek Dahiya

Dr. Vivek Dahiya

ओर्थोपेडिक्स

Dr. Vipin Chand Tyagi

Dr. Vipin Chand Tyagi

ओर्थोपेडिक्स

Dr. Vineesh Mathur

Dr. Vineesh Mathur

ओर्थोपेडिक्स

Medicines for Fibromyalgia

Medicines listed below are available for Fibromyalgia. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
G NeuroG Neuro 75 Mg/750 Mcg Capsule83
Pregeb MPregeb M 150 Capsule200
PregalinPregalin 100 Mg Capsule0
MilnaceMILNACE 25MG CAPSULE49
Libotryp TabletLibotryp 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet72
Alnex NTALNEX NT 10MG TABLET104
Pregalin MPregalin M 1500 Mcg/150 Mg Tablet200
AcmilACMIL 25MG CAPSULE 10S33
Amitar Plus TabletAmitar Plus Tablet18
NeuroxetinNeuroxetin 20 Mg/0.5 Mg Capsule37
EngabaEngaba 150 Mg Tablet117
MilbornMilborn 50 Mg Capsule61
Amitop PlusAmitop Plus 25 Mg/10 Mg Tablet29
Mecobion PMecobion P 750 Mcg/150 Mg Tablet68
Rejunuron DlRejunuron Dl 30 Mg/750 Mg Capsule52
EzegalinEzegalin 75 Mg Tablet Sr76
Amitril PlusAmitril Plus 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet14
Mecoblend PMecoblend P Tablet72
Dulane MDulane M 20 Mg/1.5 Mg Tablet81
GabacureGabacure 75 Mg Tablet Sr0
MilpranMilpran 25 Mg Tablet29
Amitryn CAmitryn C 12.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet24
Mecofort PgMecofort Pg Capsule0
Dumore MDumore M Capsule103

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

References

  1. Office on women's health [internet]: US Department of Health and Human Services; Fibromyalgia
  2. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Fibromyalgia
  3. Center for Disease Control and Prevention [internet], Atlanta (GA): US Department of Health and Human Services; Fibromyalgia
  4. National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Fibromyalgia: In Depth
  5. Center for Disease Control and Prevention [internet], Atlanta (GA): US Department of Health and Human Services; Fibromyalgia
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