You need cholesterol just like other nutrients. It is a fatty substance obtained from the body and food. Like other nutrients, cholesterol is needed for body functions. For example, cholesterol is used to make the outer layer of cells and some hormones.

You can know how to treat high cholesterol by clicking on the link given here.

But due to high cholesterol levels, you may be at risk of heart attack and stroke. About 75 percent of cholesterol is made by the liver, apart from this, the rest of the cholesterol is supplied by food. Cholesterol is carried in the blood by lipoproteins.

In this article, you have been told in detail about what is cholesterol. Along with this, an attempt has also been made to tell you in detail about the type of lipoprotein that carries cholesterol in the blood and the normal range and chart of cholesterol.

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  1. What are cholesterol, its types, and its functions?
  2. Cholesterol normal range, and chart
  3. Takeaway
Doctors for What is Cholesterol Normal Range?

Cholesterol is a waxy or fat-like substance produced by the liver. It is important for the formation of cell membranes, vitamin D, digestion, and some hormones. Cholesterol does not dissolve in water, so it cannot reach other parts of the body by itself. Particles called lipoproteins help carry cholesterol through the bloodstream to other parts of the body.

Cholesterol is present in the blood as a structural fluid made up of proteins and lipids (fats). This element containing cholesterol and protein is called a lipoprotein. Based on their composition, lipoproteins are mainly divided into two types -

High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL) Cholesterol

This type of lipoprotein contains more protein than fat. This is called good cholesterol. Higher levels of HDL cholesterol indicate you are less likely to have heart disease.

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Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL) Cholesterol

This lipoprotein contains more fat than protein. This is considered bad cholesterol.

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Functions of HDL and LDL

Most HDL is made up of protein. Its main function is to take cholesterol from the cells and take it to the liver for destruction. This clears cholesterol from the body. Lower HDL levels increase the risk of coronary artery disease. While a high level of HDL protects you from heart diseases.

Apart from this, most of the LDL is made up of fat and a quarter of it is made up of protein. LDL carries cholesterol from the liver to other parts of the body, where it is needed for cell repair and other functions.

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Cholesterol levels differ in children and adults. Its level is measured based on total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL: Low-density lipoproteins), high-density lipoprotein (HDL: high-density lipoproteins), and triglyceride (a type of fat in the blood). Next, you have been told the normal range of cholesterol through the chart -

Cholesterol chart for adults -

  Total Cholesterol (mg per dl: mg/dl) High-Density Lipoprotein (mg per dl: mg/dl) Low-Density Lipoprotein (mg per dl: mg/dl) Triglyceride (mg per dl: mg/dl)
Ideal levels Less than 200 ideally 60 and more: 40 or more for men, 50 or more for women Less than 100, and less than 70 if coronary artery disease Less than 149
Risk Level 200 to 239 Data not available 130-159 150-199
High Level 240 or higher Data not available 160 or higher, 190 is considered an Extremely High Level 200 or higher, 500 is considered Extremely High
Low-Level Data Not Available Less than 40 Data Not Available Data Not Available

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Cholesterol chart for kids -

  Total Cholesterol (mg per dl: mg/dl)  High-Density Lipoprotein (mg per dl: mg/dl) Low-Density Lipoprotein (mg per dl: mg/dl)  Triglyceride (mg per dl: mg/dl)
Ideal levels 170 or Less Over 45 Less than 110 under 75 in children under 9 years old, and under 90 in children 10 to 19 years old
Risk level  170 to 199 40 to 45 110 to 129  75 to 99 in children under 9 years old 90 to 129 in children 10 to 19 years old
High level 200 or more Data not available 130 or more  more than 100 in children under 9 years old, 130 or more in children 10 to 19 years old
Low-Level Data Not Available Less than 40 Data Not Available

Data Not Available

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It is clear from this article that there are mainly 2 types of cholesterol – ADL i.e. bad cholesterol and HDL i.e. good cholesterol. Also, cholesterol levels are different in adults and children. A balanced lifestyle should be followed to reduce bad cholesterol and increase the level of good cholesterol. Along with this, a diet rich in nutrients should be taken.

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Dr. Farhan Shikoh

Dr. Farhan Shikoh

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