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What are high triglycerides?

Triglycerides are a type of lipid found in your bloodstream. The level of triglycerides is one of the four numbers you will see on a standard cholesterol test. Most dietary fats are triglycerides, which are initially stored in fat cells and later released to circulate in the bloodstream. High levels of triglycerides in the bloodstream, also termed as hypertriglyceridaemia, can be really harmful to the body.

What are its main associated signs and symptoms?

Generally, high levels of triglycerides do not cause any specific symptoms.

However, they lead to an increased risk of certain diseases such as:

What are the main causes?

High triglycerides can be caused by a number of factors or underlying conditions including:

  • Obesity.
  • Uncontrolled diabetes.
  • An underactive thyroid.
  • Liver and kidney disease.
  • Genetic influence.
  • Regularly eating more calories than you burn.
  • Sedentary lifestyle.
  • Drinking a lot of alcohol.
  • Smoking.
  • Medications like diuretics (that remove excess water from the body), steroids, birth control pills and immunosuppressants (medicines that suppress the immune system).
  • Women on hormonal therapy or those suffering from polycystic ovary syndrome are at high risk of having increased levels of triglycerides.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

  • High levels of triglycerides are diagnosed on the basis of medical history and other investigations.
  • Lipid profile test is recommended to examine and detect high triglycerides in your bloodstream. A triglyceride level of below 150 mg/dL is considered normal.
  • Your doctor will instruct you to fast for 12 hours before your blood samples are collected.
  • Treatment of high triglyceride levels aims at addressing the underlying conditions and controlling them.
  • One has to maintain a healthy body weight to balance hormonal levels and treat any underlying kidney or liver disease.
  • Your doctor may prescribe you certain medications like statins, niacin or omega-3 fatty acid supplements.

Self-care:

  • Avoid smoking or drinking.
  • Eat a healthy diet.
  • Go for regular walks and do enough exercises.
  1. Medicines for High Triglycerides

Medicines for High Triglycerides

Medicines listed below are available for High Triglycerides. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
XtorXtor 10 Mg Tablet42
AtherochekAtherochek 10 Mg Tablet109
NovastatNovastat 10 Tablet168
LiponormLiponorm 10 Mg Tablet40
ClopitorvaClopitorva 10 Mg/75 Mg Capsule143
AtocorAtocor 10 Mg Tablet66
LipicureLipicure 10 Mg Tablet138
AstinAstin 10 Mg Tablet45
RozucorRozucor 10 Mg Tablet202
TonactTonact 10 Tablet71
RosaveRosave 10 Mg Tablet181
Rosave TrioRosave Trio 10 Mg Tablet112
Atorfit CvATORFIT CV 10MG TABLET 10S167
Tonact TgTonact Tg 10 Mg Tablet264
AztorAztor 10 Tablet72
Rosutor GoldROSUTOR GOLD 20/150MG CAPSULE207
Rosave DROSAVE D 10MG TABLET172
AtorvaAtorva Tablet72
RosuvasROSUVAS 10MG TABLET 15Nos168
RozatRozat 10 Mg Tablet112
RozavelRozavel 10 Tablet119
Ecosprin Av CapsuleEcosprin-AV 150 Capsule36
Rosuchek DROSUCHEK D 5MG TABLET 10S0
Rosave CRosave C 10 Mg/75 Mg Capsule116
Rosufit CvROSUFIT CV 10MG TABLET 10S187

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

References

  1. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; High Blood Triglycerides.
  2. University of Michigan. [Internet]. Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States. 1817; High Triglycerides.
  3. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Triglycerides.
  4. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Triglyceride level.
  5. American Heart Association, American Stroke Association [internet]: Texas, USA AHA: Triglycerides: Frequently Asked Questions.
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