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What is Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)?

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, abbreviated as PCOS, is a set of symptoms manifested due to hormonal imbalance in women. It typically affects women in the reproductive age group between 18- 35 years of age. The condition derives its name from one of its classical symptoms. The ovaries of affected women have (not always) 12 or more follicles in at least one of the ovaries along with disturbed levels of other hormones like follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH).

What are its main signs and symptoms?

The symptoms include

  1. Amenorrhea i.e., lack of periods
  2. Dysmenorrhea i.e., painful periods
  3. Irregular periods
  4. Hirsutism i.e., excess body and facial hair
  5. Pimples/ acne
  6. Pain in pelvic region
  7. Difficulty getting pregnant
  8. Obesity, with a tendency of abdominal fat accumulation
  9. Peripheral insulin resistance
  10. Infertility
  11. The patient may present with a familial history of menstrual disorders, adrenal enzyme deficiencies, infertility, obesity and metabolic syndrome, or diabetes. Alternatively, they may complain of excessive bleeding or prolonged periods.

What are its main causes?

PCOS shows a genetic predisposition and appears to be inherited in an autosomal dominant manner, from both parents. The patients have an increased level of androgens (male hormones), especially testosterone, in their bodies. These hormones interfere with ovulation patterns and lead to an array of other symptoms. The hormones lead to arrested maturation of follicles. These immature follicles are what make the ovary appear as if it is full of fluid-filled cysts. 

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Diagnosis includes a detailed clinical history and physical examination. Laboratory investigations include thyroid function tests; levels of FSH, prolactin, and LH; testosterone and blood glucose levels. Prior to these, non-invasive imaging such as ultrasonography may be made. The classical appearance of the cysts in ovaries is that of a string of pearls.
Treatment includes motivating the patient to adopt a healthier lifestyle. Modifications including a healthier diet, losing weight and regular exercise help in reinstating the balance of the hormones. Also, hormone therapy may be prescribed by the doctor. Insulin sensitising drugs like metformin also help in cases of prediabetes or insulin resistance.

  1. Medicines for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Medicines for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Medicines listed below are available for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
Cyclenorm ECyclenorm E 0.01 Mg Tablet14.0
Ethinorm EEthinorm E 0.1 Mg Tablet14.0
EvomidEvomid Tablet12.0
LynoralLynoral 0.01 Mg Tablet22.0
Secam ESecam E 0.02 Mg Tablet14.0
VeronicaVeronica Kit 0.03 Mg Tablet699.0
T Pill TabletT Pill 0.15 Mg/0.03 Mg Tablet57.77
Early PregEarly Preg Capsule128.0
Ecee2Ecee2 0.75 Mg Tablet35.0
Free LadyFree Lady 1.5 Mg Tablet22.5
Guard PillGuard Pill 1.5 Mg Tablet100.0
IpillIpill 1.5 Mg Tablet100.0
Mirena IusMirena Ius Device4525.0
Miss PillMiss Pill Tablet21.0
NowillNowill 1.5 Mg Tablet73.8
Sirf EkSirf Ek 1.5 Mg Tablet60.0
Unwanted 72Unwanted 72 Tablet80.0
Epill TabletEpill Tablet48.57
NextimeNextime 1.50 Mg Tablet51.03
EceepillEceepill Tablet22.25
NordetteNordette 30 Mcg Tablet95.0
Pill 72Pill 72 750 Mcg Tablet35.92
Rbx PillRbx Pill 1.50 Mg Tablet14.37
HexolipHexolip 1000 Mg Tablet115.0
AsmitaAsmita 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Tablet405.0
CrisantaCrisanta 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Tablet347.0
Crisanta LsCrisanta Ls 0.02 Mg/3 Mg Tablet247.5
DorisDoris 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Tablet348.5
DrospyDrospy Tablet390.0
HervoteHervote 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Tablet318.0
JanyaJanya 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Tablet290.0
PadminiPadmini 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Kit350.0
RasminRasmin 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Tablet299.0
YaminiYamini 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Tablet349.0
Yamini KitYamini Kit 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Tablet383.0
Yamini Ls KitYamini Ls Kit 0.02 Mg/3 Mg Tablet234.5
YanciYanci 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Tablet350.0
YasminYasmin 0.03 Mg/3 Mg Tablet413.0
YazYaz 3 Mg/0.02 Mg Tablet390.0
DronisDronis 20 Tablet296.0
DrosmacDrosmac 20 Mcg Tablet235.0
DrostolDrostol Tablet290.0
ButipilButipil 0.035 Mg/2 Mg Tablet184.25
CarpelaCarpela 0.035 Mg/2 Mg Tablet264.0
CarrolCarrol 0.035 Mg/2 Mg Tablet197.05
ElestraElestra 0.035 Mg/2 Mg Tablet312.7
EstranonEstranon Tablet260.0
EvashineEvashine 0.035 Mg/2 Mg Tablet210.0
GinetteGinette 0.035 Mg/2 Mg Tablet282.5
HerfaceHerface 0.035 Mg/2 Mg Tablet241.0
HersuitHersuit 0.035 Mg/2 Mg Tablet201.81
KrimsonKrimson Tablet282.0
Cyna KitCyna Kit Tablet195.0
My PillMy Pill Tablet233.0
Cystop MCystop M 500 Mg/600 Mg Tablet150.0
Goecyst MGoecyst M 500 Mg/600 Mg Tablet Sr160.0
Dear TabletDear Tablet102.3
Divacon TabletDivacon 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet59.53
Duoluton L TabletDuoluton L 0.25 Mg/0.05 Mg Tablet139.5
Loette TabletLoette Tablet177.1
Ovilow TabletOvilow 0.02 Mg/0.1 Mg Tablet104.0
Ovral G TabletOvral G 0.05 Mg/0.5 Mg Tablet160.74
Ovral L TabletOvral L 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet64.47
Suvida TabletSuvida 0.3 Mg/0.03 Mg Tablet30.0
Triquilar TabletTriquilar Tablet90.5
Dearloe TabletDearloe 0.02 Mg/0.1 Mg Tablet93.02
Ergest TabletErgest 0.05 Mg/0.25 Mg Tablet68.48
Ergest Ld TabletErgest Ld 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet70.56
Esro TabletEsro 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet65.0
Esro G TabletEsro G 0.050 Mg/0.250 Mg Tablet70.0
Esro L TabletEsro L 0.02 Mg/0.10 Mg Tablet60.0
Florina TabletFlorina 0.1 Mg/0.02 Mg Tablet67.25
Florina G TabletFlorina G 0.05 Mg/0.25 Mg Tablet96.0
Florina N TabletFlorina N Tablet96.0
Mala D TabletMala D Tablet2.75
Nogestol TabletNogestol 0.15 Mg/0.03 Mg Tablet63.0
Orgalutin TabletOrgalutin 0.05 Mg/2.5 Mg Tablet22.91
Levora TabletLevora 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet25.0
Lyna TabletLyna Tablet55.0
Oc 21 TabletOc 21 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet78.0
Ovral TabletOvral Tablet70.56
Unwanted Pregcard TabletUnwanted Pregcard 21 Days Tablet58.0
Descon KitDescon Kit150.0
DesoleeDesolee 0.15 Mg/0.02 Mg Tablet76.83
DestrogenDestrogen 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet100.0
ElogenElogen 0.02 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet111.0
FamyceptFamycept Kit 0.02 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet175.0
FemilonFemilon Tablet194.0
I ConI Con 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet95.65
Intimacy PlusIntimacy Plus 0.02 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet104.86
JulianaJuliana 0.02 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet132.0
LocipilLocipil 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet150.0
LovalisLovalis 0.15 Mg/0.03 Mg Tablet85.71
Lovalis LLovalis L Tablet80.95
Novelon TabletNovelon 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet167.0
OvulocOvuloc 0.03 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet118.0
Ovuloc LdOvuloc Ld 0.02 Mg/0.15 Mg Tablet115.5
MilianaMiliana Tablet132.0
Harmoni FHarmoni F 2 Mg/0.035 Mg/5 Mg Tablet281.4
Liv AptLiv Apt 250 Mg/70 Mg/50 Mg Tablet410.0
SmartinorSmartinor 5 Mg Tablet62.0
2 Sitol2 Sitol Capsule180.0
ChoiceChoice Tablet30.0

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