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What is Motion sickness?

Motion sickness is a sudden sensation during travelling that causes nausea and vomiting. Children, pregnant women, and people taking certain medicines are particularly prone to this condition. When the movements sensed by the nerves through the signals from ears, eyes, muscles and joints do not match in the brain, this sensation is experienced.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Common symptoms include:

Severe symptoms include

What are the main causes?

The symptoms of motion sickness appear when the brain receives mismatched messages from the sensory organs such as ear, eyes, muscle and joints. For example, if a person is on a plane he cannot see the turbulence but the body feels it. This mismatching of signal leads to discomfort and motion sickness.

Causes include:

  • Physical, visual or virtual motion. E.g. travelling by boat, car, plane, or train.  
  • Sleep deprivation can enhance this condition
  • Amusement rides and playground equipment can induce motion sickness too.

How is it diagnosed and treated?

Diagnosis includes the following steps:

  • Motion sickness resolves by itself in most cases.
  • Symptoms are assessed to find out the cause.
  • Laboratory tests are not necessary.
  • Physical examination includes tests like the Hallpike manoeuvre to confirm it is motion sickness.

Treatment includes the following:

  • Ginger supplements might help curb nausea.
  • Medications such as scopolamine, dimenhydrate and meclizine can be prescribed to relieve motion sickness.

Preventive measures to be taken include:

  • Gaze towards the horizon or on a distant, stationary object. This reaffirmation of balance helps in the reorientation of the inner apparatus that maintains balance and reduces the motion sickness.
  • Avoid reading while travelling or using electronic devices.
  • Avoid smoking, alcohol, caffeine, strong odours, spicy and greasy foods.
  • Eat light food before travelling.
  • Sit in a comfortable position, closed eyes and elevated neck position with back resting.
  • Chewing gum too helps in reducing car sickness for no clear reason.
  1. Medicines for Motion Sickness
  2. Doctors for Motion Sickness
Dr. Gaurav Chauhan

Dr. Gaurav Chauhan

सामान्य चिकित्सा

Dr. Sushila Kataria

Dr. Sushila Kataria

सामान्य चिकित्सा

Dr. Sanjay Mittal

Dr. Sanjay Mittal

सामान्य चिकित्सा

Medicines for Motion Sickness

Medicines listed below are available for Motion Sickness. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
VertizacVERTIZAC TABLET 15S108
AvilAVIL 10ML INJECTION8
DILIGANDILIGAN 25 MG TABLET96
DizironDiziron 25 Mg Tablet93
VOMINOSVOMINOS 25 MG TABLET0
DiziDizi 25 Mg Tablet24
SBL Arnica Montana Hair Oil Arnica Montana Hair Oil56
AvomineAvomine 25 Mg Tablet Md19
StugeronStugeron 25 Mg Tablet134
Arnica Montana Herbal ShampooArnica Montana Herbal Shampoo With Conditioner72
EminEmin 25 Mg Tablet0
VergoVergo 25 Mg Tablet25
Phena KidPhena Kid 5 Mg Syrup10
VertigonVERTIGON TABLET28
PhenaminPhenamin 25 Mg Injection2
CervatonCervaton 25 Mg Tablet24
PhenazinePhenazine 5 Mg Syrup43
Cinaz (Tripada)Cinaz 25 Mg Tablet16
PhenerganPhenergan 10 Mg Tablet10
CinironeCinirone 25 Mg Tablet0
ADEL 38 Apo-Spast DropADEL 38 Apo-Spast Drop200
PhenzeePhenzee 5 Mg Syrup9
CinnCinn 25 Mg Tablet20
PremaganPremagan 10 Mg Tablet4

Do you or anyone in your family have this disease? Please do a survey and help others

References

  1. Lackner JR. Motion sickness: more than nausea and vomiting. Exp Brain Res. 2014 Aug;232(8):2493-510. PMID: 24961738
  2. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: US National Library of Medicine; Motion Sickness.
  3. National Health Service [Internet]. UK; Motion sickness.
  4. Cleveland Clinic. [Internet]. Cleveland, Ohio. Motion Sickness.
  5. National Institutes of Health; [Internet]. U.S. National Library of Medicine. Motion sickness.
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