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Summary

Shortness of breath, medically known as dyspnea is a common health problem. It refers to a variety of perceptions experienced by a person, and some of the experiences are influenced by the person's emotional state. Since there is a wide range of causes that can lead to a shortness of breath, this makes the diagnosis of the exact cause a challenge. A rapid evaluation and diagnosis are critical to ensuring effective management. Sometimes, diagnosing the exact cause of dyspnea is very difficult to establish if there is more than one underlying disease. The various factors that can cause breathlessness include lung and heart disease, pneumonia, heart failure, acute coronary syndrome and other conditions like anaemia, obesity and mental disorders.

  1. What is shortness of breath
  2. Types of shortness of breath
  3. Shortness of breath symptoms
  4. Shortness of breath causes & risk factors
  5. Prevention of shortness of breath
  6. Diagnosis of shortness of breath
  7. Shortness of breath treatment
  8. Shortness of breath prognosis and complications
  9. Homeopathic medicine, treatment and remedies for Shortness of Breath
  10. Medicines for Shortness of Breath
  11. Doctors for Shortness of Breath

What is shortness of breath

Shortness of breath or dyspnea is a very common condition affecting almost 25% of people. It is one of the reasons that make a person seek medical assistance or for an emergency check-up. It is caused due to many underlying conditions and sometimes may be a symptom of certain life-threatening diseases. At present, there is limited data regarding the exact incidences and outcomes of people who seek hospital services for shortness of breath. In healthy people, shortness of breath is common after exercise, going on high altitudes, exposure to extreme temperatures or in obesity. If there are other reasons that cause shortness of breath, it is best to visit a GP or a specialist.

What is Dyspnoea (shortness of breath)?

As per the American thoracic society, dyspnoea is defined as a feeling of discomfort during breathing with distinct sensations that differ in intensity. Dyspnea or shortness of breath can be caused due to various reasons, ranging from respiratory conditions like bronchial asthma to non-respiratory conditions such as diabetic ketoacidosis. A person during an asthma attack or a person with respiratory failure may complain of shortness of breath, but for very different reasons. Identifying the exact cause for their dyspnea can be a time consuming and tedious process, especially when multiple organ systems are involved.

Types of shortness of breath

It is important to differentiate between the types of dyspnoea:

  • Tachypnea
    This refers to an increase in the breathing pattern beyond the normal limit.
  • Hyperventilation
    Increased breathing due to increased metabolic demands is called hyperventilation.
  • Orthopnea
    It refers to a feeling of restlessness on lying down.
  • Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
    It refers to a feeling of shortness of breath that occurs 1 to 2 hours after sleep which awakens the person and is usually relieved by sitting upright.

Some uncommon types of dyspnoea include:

  • Trepopnea
    Shortness of breath that is experienced by the person when lying down on the side.
  • Platypnea
    Rapid breathing that occurs while sitting in an upright position, which gets better on lying down is called platypnea.

Shortness of breath symptoms

Symptoms of dyspnea can be sudden (acute) or gradual (chronic) in onset. Acute shortness of breath begins within a few minutes to a few hours. It may be accompanied with other symptoms like a cough, fever, rash or chest pain.  In chronic dyspnea, the person feels short of breath while performing daily tasks such as walking from one room to another or standing from a sitting position. In certain conditions, rapid breathing may get triggered or worsened from changing body positions. Other symptoms include:

  • Feeling of breathlessness.
  • Tightness felt in the chest.
  • An urge to breathe (air hunger).
  • Unable to breathe deeply.
  • Noisy breathing.
  • Fast, shallow breaths.
  • Wheezing.
  • Pale, cold, clammy skin.
  • Using muscles of the neck and upper chest to breathe.
  • Anxiety or panic attacks.

Shortness of breath causes & risk factors

Causes

Most causes of shortness of breath are due to an underlying lung or heart diseases. Both these organs are involved in the transport of oxygen and removal of carbon dioxide for an optimal functioning of the body. Therefore, problems with either of the systems can affect breathing. Causes of acute shortness of breath include:

  • Bronchial Asthma
    It is a chronic condition in which the airways get obstructed due to inflammation. A person with bronchial asthma experiences acute attacks of shortness of breath, sometimes even at night. There could be a history of allergies. The precipitating factors that bring about an attack of asthma are lung irritation, exposure to allergens like pollen, pets, mould, exercise, change of weather and respiratory infections. The symptoms are often relieved with an inhaler containing drugs called bronchodilators.
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
    People who have COPD can have shortness of breath. COPD is a condition in which there is a long-term obstruction in the lower part of the airways. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), a person is said to have COPD if he/she complains of a cough along with expectoration for more than 3 months along with inflammation and destruction of the lung tissues. Smoking is a major cause for COPD.
  • Congestive heart failure
    This condition occurs when the heart muscle is unable to pump the required amount of blood. Factors like coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, in the long run, cause the cardiac muscle to get weak and reduces its blood-pumping efficiency.
  • Pneumonia
    Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs which is caused by many micro-organisms including bacteria, viruses and fungi. Dyspnea is a dominant symptom of pneumonia. Along with shortness of breath, the person also has chest pain, fever and cough.
  • Pneumothorax
    Pneumothorax is a condition in which a person has a collapsed lung causing an air leak in the space between the lung and the chest wall. The air causes the lungs to be pushed on one side leading to their collapse. Pneumothorax occurs due to a blunt injury, medical procedures or lung disease.
  • Pulmonary embolism
    Pulmonary embolism occurs when a blood clot formed in some part of the body travels to the lungs and cause the arteries to get obstructed. Due to the clot, the blood flow gets blocked which can be an emergency situation. In this condition, dyspnea becomes worse with exertion along with chest pain which can even get mistaken for a heart attack. The chest pain becomes worse on deep breathing with blood in sputum.
  • Carbon monoxide poisoning
    During carbon monoxide poisoning, the oxygen in the red cells gets replaced by carbon monoxide, which leads to tissue damage, or in some cases, even death. Faulty ventilation devices in closed spaces may cause carbon monoxide to get accumulated to critical levels.
  • Guillain Barre syndrome
    This is a rare nerve disorder wherein the body’s immune system attacks the nerves. The sensations of weakness and tingling affect the body rapidly leading to paralysis of the muscles. In severe stages, the muscles that control breathing may also get involved leading to a medical emergency.

Other illnesses that may cause shortness of breath include:

Risk factors

There are certain risk factors that may affect the different systems and act as triggers for the onset of breathlessness. They include:

  • Previous lung diseases.
  • Weak lung muscles.
  • Smoking.
  • Fumes, smoke.
  • Dust.
  • Exposure to pollens and asthma triggers.
  • Weight gain.
  • Broken ribs.
  • Decreased haemoglobin count.
  • Infections.

Prevention of shortness of breath

It is best to avoid causative factors to prevent shortness of breath. The following measures can help in preventing breathlessness:

  • Avoiding exposure to pollutants, allergens and other environmental toxins.
  • Losing weight to prevent sleep apnoea.
  • Quitting smoking. Risk of heart and lung diseases and lung cancers drop significantly once a person avoids tobacco consumption.
  • Treating other underlying conditions that might cause shortness of breath.
  • If a person is relying on supplemental oxygen, ensure that the equipment is working properly and the oxygen supply is adequate.

Diagnosis of shortness of breath

If a person complains of breathlessness, it is best to seek immediate medical help by calling the local emergency helpline number. If the breathlessness is accompanied by chest pain, fainting, nausea, or a lack of ability to function, medical help should be sought immediately as it could be signs of a heart attack or embolism.

The doctor assesses a person’s symptoms and inquires whether:

  • The shortness of breath is of an acute or chronic onset.
  • It gets worse at rest or on exertion or on changing posture.
  • There are problems related to various systems such as the respiratory or cardiovascular system.
  • There are other causes such as thyroid disease, anaemia.
  • There are any mental or emotional causes.
  • The person has been exposed to certain chemicals or gases such as carbon monoxide.

It is best to visit a specialist if shortness of breath is accompanied by:

  • Breathlessness on lying down.
  • Swelling in feet and ankles.
  • High fever, cough, and chills.
  • Wheezing.
  • Aggravation of pre-existing breathlessness.

The doctor will obtain a full medical history of the person regarding the cause, onset, duration of the disease as well as any triggering or aggravating factors. A complete medical examination will be carried out including chest auscultation to check if the airway is clear or for any foreign sounds which may indicate an underlying problem. Other tests to arrive at a complete diagnosis are:

  • Lung function test
    This is done to check the capacity of the lungs, by measuring how much and how fast can a person blow in and out of the lungs. This test helps to diagnose asthma, COPD, etc.
  • Pulse oximetry
    This measure the amount of oxygen present in the blood
  • Blood tests
    Blood tests like a complete blood count help to check for anaemia and infections which could cause dyspnea. Other blood tests to suspect thyroid disease, blood clots or fluid in lungs may also be advised.
  • CT scan
    It is usually advised in suspected cases of pneumonia or blood clots.
  • Electrocardiogram
    It can help to look for the electrical activity of the heart and its rhythm.

Other relevant investigations may be ordered as per the doctor’s discretion.

Shortness of breath treatment

Treatment usually depends on the cause of dyspnoea. Sometimes, the underlying cause gets completely treated but the symptoms of breathlessness may not be completely relieved. Certain medications may have side effects, hence, it is best to consult the doctor about its risks and benefits. Treatment modalities include:

  • Nebulization, inhalers and oxygen therapy
    A machine that prepares an aerosol of a bronchodilator (medicine that opens the airway) is administered. There are home nebulizer kits available that can be used as per instructions. Oxygen is provided through a cylinder at the hospital or at home to ease breathlessness. In acute asthma attacks, an inhaler containing medications will help open the airway and reduce breathlessness instantly.
  • Medications
    Antibiotics are prescribed to treat any infections that lead to a cough and chest pain. Expectorants can help in expressing out the mucus. Certain opium-based painkillers are helpful in relieving breathing. They also help in reducing breathing rate and improve sleep. Certain drugs are helpful in reducing secretions and open up the airway. Note that all drugs should be taken only as per the doctor’s orders.
  • Fluid drainage
    Conditions like pleural and pericardial effusions, the fluid collected needs to be drained out to ease breathing.
  • Radiotherapy
    If there is a tumour in the airway which is the cause of dyspnea, radiotherapy will help in decreasing the size of the mass which is blocking the airway.
  • Laser
    In advanced lung cancers, laser surgery is often recommended to cut a tumour obstructing the airway.

Lifestyle management

People who experience shortness of breath can undertake the following measures to improve their health:

  • Quit smoking
    The risks of lung and heart diseases and cancers can be greatly reduced by quitting smoking. Visit smoking cessation clinics that can help in curtailing the habit without any severe withdrawal symptoms. Use of nicotine gums and patches have also helped in getting rid of the habit.
  • Avoid exposure to harmful pollutants
    It is best to avoid being exposed to any factor that may trigger an onset of breathlessness. Refrain from venturing out during pollination season or being in touch with any allergens, gases, toxic poisons, environmental toxins that can cause dyspnea.
  • Weight loss
    Obesity can also lead to breathlessness due to a lack of activity. Any slight exertion may lead to a person being out of breath. Certain medical conditions like hypothyroidism lead to weight gain which may cause dyspnea. Hence, regular exercising can help in maintaining weight and breathlessness.
  • Avoid exertion at high altitudes
    At high altitudes, beyond 5000 ft, the oxygen in the atmosphere is less which can cause laboured breathing in normal people. Breathlessness in such persons can be aggravated, hence it is recommended not to go on any trips to places that are at a high altitude.
  • Supplemental oxygen
    If the person is relying on regular supplemental oxygen, ensure that the cylinder is replaced whenever necessary and the equipment is working properly.

Shortness of breath prognosis and complications

Prognosis

The outcome of dyspnea depends on the underlying condition that leads to it. For example, in people with asthma, the outcome is good due to prompt relief by inhalers and pumps, whereas breathlessness caused due to congestive cardiac failure may not be relieved completely. The outcome also depends on the severity of the underlying disease. In advanced diseases such as lung cancer, the chances of recovery are feeble.

Complications

Complications related to dyspnea depend on the cause. Certain complications arising from dyspnea are:

  • Debilitating lung function.
  • Pain.
  • Anxiety.
  • Lung failure.
  • Heart failure.
  • Deterioration of existing symptoms.
Dr. Yogesh Parmar

Dr. Yogesh Parmar

कान, नाक और गले सम्बन्धी विकारों का विज्ञान

Dr. Vijay Pawar

Dr. Vijay Pawar

कान, नाक और गले सम्बन्धी विकारों का विज्ञान

Dr. Ankita Singh

Dr. Ankita Singh

कान, नाक और गले सम्बन्धी विकारों का विज्ञान

Medicines for Shortness of Breath

Medicines listed below are available for Shortness of Breath. Please note that you should not take any medicines without doctor consultation. Taking any medicine without doctor's consultation can cause serious problems.

Medicine NamePack SizePrice (Rs.)
AmispedAmisped 10 Mg Tablet130.0
DelpomontDelpomont 4 Mg Suspension94.0
GlemontGlemont 10 Mg Tablet114.0
LasmaLasma 10 Tablet75.0
MontairMontair 10 Mg Tablet198.0
MontekMontek 10 Mg Tablet140.0
OdimontOdimont 10 Mg Tablet148.0
RomilastRomilast 10 Mg Tablet210.0
Singulair TabletSingulair 10 Mg Tablet268.0
TelekastTelekast 10 Mg Tablet141.0
AsthamAstham 10 Mg Tablet176.47
BreathezyBreathezy 10 Mg Tablet57.0
CrizlifeCrizlife 10 Mg Tablet70.0
EbmontEbmont 10 Mg Tablet57.0
FmFm 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet130.0
EmlucastEmlucast 10 Mg Tablet178.2
Incid AirIncid Air Tablet110.0
KastKast 4 Mg Tablet109.63
MaastMaast Tablet61.53
M KastM Kast 10 Mg Tablet92.32
MokaMoka 10 Mg Tablet90.0
MontalMontal 10 Mg Tablet120.0
MontecipMontecip 10 Mg Tablet25.62
Montelast(Cadila)Montelast 10 Mg Tablet140.0
Montelast (Morpen)Montelast 4 Mg Tablet44.85
MontestMontest Odt 10 Mg Tablet99.0
MontiMonti 5 Mg Tablet89.65
MontinaMontina 10 Mg Tablet45.0
MontusMontus 10 Mg Tablet75.0
MonzemMonzem 10 Mg Tablet125.0
PulmokastPulmokast 10 Mg Tablet60.0
Q.MontQ.Mont 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet129.0
SolokastSolokast 10 Mg Tablet55.15
SpiromontSpiromont 10 Mg Tablet140.0
SymkastSymkast 10 Mg Tablet75.0
Symkast DxSymkast Dx Tablet90.0
Symkast FxSymkast Fx Tablet110.0
TastymontTastymont Kid 4 Mg Tablet56.68
VentairVentair 4 Mg Tablet91.26
Vitaresp MVitaresp M 10 Mg Tablet125.13
XemonXemon Tablet60.66
AcemontAcemont 10 Mg Tablet102.0
AirkastAirkast Tablet 10 Mg120.0
BriomontBriomont Suspension 60 Ml72.0
MonitekMonitek 10 Mg Tablet116.17
MonokastMonokast Tablet100.0
MonteezMonteez 10 Mg Tablet71.92
MontifreshMontifresh 10 Mg Tablet Dt60.0
MotoMoto 10 Mg Tablet28.51
SolukastSolukast 10 Mg Tablet67.3
UniairUniair 10 Mg Tablet Md66.66
1 Al Max1 Al Max 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet71.5
1 Al M1 Al M Syrup65.0
Abolish MAbolish M Tablet80.0
AirlungAirlung 2.5 Mg/4 Mg Syrup65.0
AirtekAirtek 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet89.1
Akair LcAkair Lc 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet125.0
Akair Lc KidAkair Lc Kid 4 Mg/2.5 Mg Tablet68.96
Alerdain MAlerdain M 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet97.9
Alerdain M KidAlerdain M Kid 4 Mg/2.5 Mg Tablet Dt56.11
Alerfix MAlerfix M 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet104.5
Alersin MAlersin M 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet95.0
AllermaxAllermax 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet88.0
Alocet MAlocet M 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet87.0
Alzero MAlzero M 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet82.5
Alzero M KidAlzero M Kid 4 Mg/2.5 Mg Tablet64.0
Asthamon LAsthamon L 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet119.7
Betawin MBetawin M 2.5 Mg/4 Mg Syrup52.37
Breaze LBreaze L 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet88.0
Brunda MBrunda M 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet79.9
Ccgesic MCcgesic M Tablet61.95
Cetrite PlusCetrite Plus 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet88.0
Cetrite Plus KidCetrite Plus Kid 4 Mg/2.5 Mg Tablet45.0
CoekastleCoekastle 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet110.0
Coekastle KidCoekastle Kid 4 Mg/2.5 Mg Tablet69.0
Decofed MDecofed M Tablet70.0
Dilovent MDilovent M 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet79.0
Ebmont LEbmont L 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet65.0
Elu LcElu Lc 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet69.0
Fluencia LFluencia L 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet85.0
Hhlevo MHhlevo M 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet90.0
Incid UltraIncid Ultra 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet115.0
InfinairInfinair 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet84.7
Izi PlusIzi Plus 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet101.05
Jotair LJotair L 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet89.5
Lasma Lc KidLasma Lc Kid 2.5 Mg/4 Mg Syrup65.0
Laveta MLaveta M Kid Tablet69.0
Lecy MLecy M 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet65.0
Lejet MLejet M 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet62.0
LekastLekast Kmd Tablet49.0
LemostopLemostop 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet99.1
Levact MLevact M 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet85.0
LevasmaLevasma 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet93.5
Levitab MLevitab M 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet88.0
Levocet MLevocet M Dry Syrup38.0
LevomontLevomont 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet104.5
LevonairLevonair 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet61.9
Levosiz MLevosiz M Kid Tablet32.5
Levotin PlusLevotin Plus 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet75.23
LevotrylLevotryl Syrup25.0
Levozin MLevozin M Suspension49.0
Lezyncet MLezyncet M Suspension54.25
Lhistriz MLhistriz M 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet86.46
LizimontLizimont 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet23.12
L MontusL Montus 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet195.0
LovimLovim 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet72.0
Maast AMaast A Tablet74.0
Merlon LcMerlon Lc 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet65.71
MinolastMinolast 10 Tablet112.0
Minolast LcMinolast Lc 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet130.0
Moka LMoka L 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet100.0
Moka L KidMoka L Kid 4 Mg/2.5 Mg Tablet50.0
Mokast LcMokast Lc 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet125.77
MoncitraMoncitra 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet71.3
MonkezinMonkezin 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet79.0
MonlevoMonlevo 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet111.53
Monoxil LcMonoxil Lc 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet31.87
Montair LcMontair Lc 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet150.0
Montas LMontas L 2.5 Mg/4 Mg Syrup30.93
Montasma LMontasma L 2.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet52.4
Montasma PlusMontasma Plus 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet93.6
Montek LcMontek Lc Kid Tablet70.0
MontelarMontelar 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet76.03
Montelast L(Morepen)Montelast L 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet109.0
Montemac LMontemac L 2.5 Mg/4 Mg Syrup58.0
Montewok LcMontewok Lc 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet136.85
Montgold KidMontgold Kid Tablet58.0
MontgoldMontgold Tablet80.0
MonticopeMonticope 2.5 Mg/4 Mg Suspension59.84
Montilife KidMontilife Kid 2.5 Mg/4 Mg Tablet78.0
Montina LMontina L 2.5 Mg/4 Mg Tablet Dt31.75
Mont LcMont Lc 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet76.0
Mont LevMont Lev 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet120.18
MontlevoMontlevo 25 Mg/4 Mg Suspension45.0
Montolife LcMontolife Lc 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet65.0
Montolife Lc KidMontolife Lc Kid Tablet65.0
Montor LcMontor Lc 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet68.4
Montovent LcMontovent Lc 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet26.25
MontysolMontysol 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet100.0
Monzem LcMonzem Lc 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet104.0
NexkastNexkast Tablet105.0
NukastNukast 2.5 Mg/4 Mg Syrup75.8
Odimont LcOdimont Lc 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet129.9
Oriel MOriel M 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet99.0
Rem Cc LmRem Cc Lm 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet90.7
Rezin LmRezin Lm 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet89.0
RhinomaxRhinomax 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet78.0
RhinomontRhinomont 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet110.0
Rid ArRid Ar 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet143.0
RinosolvinRinosolvin 2.5 Mg/4 Mg Syrup62.0
R Kast LR Kast L 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet75.0
Romilast LRomilast L 2.5 Mg/4 Mg Syrup61.0
Ronycold MRonycold M 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet89.9
SadaSada Tablet68.0
Salphyllin MSalphyllin M 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet61.2
Suhit MSuhit M Syrup60.0
Teczine MTeczine M Kid Tablet49.0
TelecetTelecet Tablet75.0
Telekast LTelekast L Kid Syrup40.0
TeluzineTeluzine 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet78.0
VelmontVelmont Tablet127.44
Ventairl CVentairl C 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet89.0
Ventirex LmVentirex Lm 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet90.26
Ventirex Lm KidVentirex Lm Kid 4 Mg/2.5 Mg Tablet59.87
VilargyVilargy Tablet91.7
ViznilViznil 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet78.0
Xemon AXemon A 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet95.27
Xyzal MXyzal M 2.5 Mg/4 Mg Syrup73.5
Zenom MZenom M Tablet72.18
Z MontZ Mont 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet85.0
Z Mont KidZ Mont Kid 4 Mg/2.5 Mg Tablet55.0
Zylera MZylera M 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet92.0
Acolate M KidAcolate M Kid Tablet60.0
Airkast LAirkast L Tablet160.0
Alidil MAlidil M 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet75.0
Allercet MAllercet M 2.5 Mg/4 Mg Syrup74.0
Allerdest MAllerdest M 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet60.0
Allerkast LcAllerkast Lc Tablet25.0
AllerkastAllerkast Syrup20.0
Allerone MAllerone M Tablet108.0
Alz PlusAlz Plus 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet125.0
Ancer LmAncer Lm 5 Mg/10 Mg Syrup79.2
Breathezy LBreathezy L 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet70.0
Briocold SuspensionBriocold Suspension49.5
CelkastCelkast Tablet95.5
CentilukCentiluk Tablet79.0
Ceriz L MontCeriz L Mont Tablet25.0
Cetsafe MCetsafe M Tablet103.81
Citrosis LmCitrosis Lm 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet89.0
Cozimont L KidCozimont L Kid 2.5 Mg/4 Mg Tablet49.52
Cozimont LCozimont L Syrup65.0
Dicet LmDicet Lm Tablet85.71
ElcicastElcicast Tablet79.0
Eocet MkEocet Mk 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet78.0
Infinair LdInfinair Ld 2.5 Mg/4 Mg Tablet Dt54.0
Koltus MKoltus M Tablet79.9
Koltus M Kid TabletKoltus M Kid Tablet49.0
Lazine MLazine M Dry Syrup38.0
Lecitra MLecitra M Syrup37.13
Lecope MLecope M 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet85.8
Lecope M KidLecope M Kid Tablet42.9
Lefive MLefive M Tablet79.95
LemonteLemonte 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet149.0
Lerzin MLerzin M Syrup57.13
LevasmeLevasme Syrup80.0
Levi MLevi M 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet79.42
Levocad MLevocad M Tablet25.0
Levochamp MLevochamp M Tablet85.71
LevokastLevokast Kid Tablet53.9
Levomont(Bls)Levomont Tablet77.5
Levomont PLevomont P Tablet49.0
Levotac MLevotac M Kid Tablet31.8
Levotiz MLevotiz M Kid Tablet52.25
Levotriz MLevotriz M Tablet60.0
Levozet MLevozet M Tablet27.5
L Hist Mont JuniorL Hist Mont Junior Tablet80.0
Livair TabletLivair Tablet89.0
Livy MLivy M 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet70.0
L Montus FlashL Montus Flash Tablet140.0
L Montus KidL Montus Kid Tablet70.0
Lorfast MtLorfast Mt Tablet88.45
LukomastLukomast 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet58.1
Lukotas LcLukotas Lc Kid Tablet63.0
Lupimon L SyrupLupimon L Syrup46.92
Lupimon L TabletLupimon L Tablet84.36
Lyzevac MLyzevac M Tablet79.3
Mahamont LMahamont L Tablet165.0
Mastic LcMastic Lc 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet75.0
Minolast Kid SyrupMinolast Kid Syrup70.0
Minolast Kid TabletMinolast Kid Tablet80.0
Monast LcMonast Lc 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet79.0
Monocet Lc TabletMonocet Lc Tablet165.0
MonorizeMonorize 20 Mg Tablet99.0
MonosimMonosim 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet103.8
Montecip LcMontecip Lc 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet29.73
MontefloMonteflo Tablet118.0
MontelloMontello 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet114.28
Montello KidMontello Kid Tablet51.42
Monte MastMonte Mast 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet67.0
Montespin LcMontespin Lc Tablet82.8
MontezineMontezine 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet127.0
Montikep LcMontikep Lc 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet75.23
MontostatMontostat 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet90.05
Montostat KidMontostat Kid 4 Mg/2.5 Mg Tablet63.0
MontralMontral 2.5 Mg/4 Mg Syrup80.0
Montu LMontu L 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet175.0
MtnlMtnl Kid Syrup75.0
NulifyNulify Tablet Dt50.0
Odimont Lc KidOdimont Lc Kid 2.5 Mg/5 Mg Tablet78.0
Orkas LOrkas L 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet90.0
Pulmokast LPulmokast L 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet70.0
Ranmonte LcRanmonte Lc Tablet180.5
RespizRespiz 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet140.96
RevokastRevokast 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet99.0
Rid Ar KidRid Ar Kid 2.5 Mg/4 Mg Syrup42.0
Rizten MRizten M Tablet104.73
Sigcet M TabletSigcet M Tablet80.95
SolitairSolitair Tablet60.0
Solukast LSolukast L 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet116.5
Symkast LcSymkast Lc Syrup60.0
Triz LmTriz Lm 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet93.1
Triz Lm KidTriz Lm Kid 4 Mg/2.5 Mg Tablet54.4
Uniair LUniair L 2.5 Mg/4.5 Mg Tablet Dt59.0
VelocastVelocast 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet94.27
Voltriz MVoltriz M 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet75.07
Wifi MtWifi Mt 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet99.5
Wimonte LWimonte L 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet91.0
Wimonte L KidWimonte L Kid 4 Mg/2.5 Mg Tablet51.0
Zeez MZeez M 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet86.0
Zeez M KidZeez M Kid 4 Mg/2.5 Mg Tablet72.08
Zivokast LZivokast L Tablet90.47
AproventAprovent Inhaler138.15
IpnebIpneb Solution37.0
IpramistIpramist 250 Mcg Inhaler151.82
IpranaseIpranase Aq 42 Mcg Nasal Spray120.0
IpratopIpratop 200 Mcg Inhaler125.0
IpraventIpravent 20 Mcg Cfc Free Inhaler151.2
Acibro PlusAcibro Plus Tablet Sr129.0
BropaxBropax 200 Mg/10 Mg Tablet140.0
Ebmont AEbmont A 200 Mg/10 Mg Tablet120.0
Glemont AGlemont A 200 Mg/10 Mg Tablet152.0
Levokast AbLevokast Ab 200 Mg/10 Mg Tablet140.0
Monokast AbMonokast Ab 200 Mg/10 Mg Tablet140.0
Montek AbMontek Ab 10 Mg/200 Mg Tablet162.0
Montemac AMontemac A 200 Mg/10 Mg Tablet160.0
Spiromont ASpiromont A Tablet129.0
Telekast ATelekast A Tablet138.0
Abrofyl MAbrofyl M 200 Mg/10 Mg Tablet140.9
Lasma AbLasma Ab Tablet135.0
Vitaresp AbVitaresp Ab Tablet144.0
AfinedayAfineday 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet133.0
Allegra MAllegra M 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet141.89
Allermax PlusAllermax Plus 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet88.0
Delpodine MDelpodine M 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet97.0
Dewset FmDewset Fm Tablet61.86
Ebmont FxEbmont Fx 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet120.0
Emlucast FxEmlucast Fx 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet109.5
Emlukast FxEmlukast Fx 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet120.0
Fexoford MFexoford M 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet132.07
Fexolife MFexolife M 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet120.0
FexonaFexona 10 Mg/150 Mg Tablet79.9
Fexoryl MFexoryl M 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet125.0
FexotwinFexotwin 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet100.0
FixarFixar 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet79.9
FullcoverFullcover 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet115.0
Histafree MHistafree M 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet108.9
Histakind MHistakind M 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet90.0
MonadineMonadine 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet114.8
Monokast FxMonokast Fx 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet120.0
Montair FxMontair Fx 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet145.0
MontefexMontefex 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet120.0
Montemac FxMontemac Fx 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet135.0
Montewin FMontewin F 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet111.5
Monti FxMonti Fx 10 Mg/200 Mg Tablet141.7
Monzem FxMonzem Fx 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet115.0
Odimont FxOdimont Fx 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet92.0
Respicure FmRespicure Fm 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet99.0
RhinodayRhinoday 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet100.0
Spiromont FSpiromont F 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet115.0
Telekast FTelekast F Tablet132.5
Xaria PlusXaria Plus 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet129.0
Fm 24Fm 24 Tablet136.5
L Montus FxL Montus Fx Tablet120.0
Lukotas FxLukotas Fx Tablet124.0
MfexMfex Tablet99.0
Minolast FxMinolast Fx Tablet120.0
MtfxMtfx Tablet120.0
Romilast FxRomilast Fx 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet130.0
Torkast FxTorkast Fx Tablet116.0
Uniair FxUniair Fx 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet120.0
Vitaresp FxVitaresp Fx 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet125.85
ZadonaseZadonase 10 Mg/120 Mg Tablet130.0
Alerfix TotalAlerfix Total 75 Mg/5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet187.0
JuvetraJuvetra 30 Mg/2.5 Mg/4 Mg Syrup90.0
Levokast AxLevokast Ax Tablet119.0
L Montus AblL Montus Abl 75 Mg/5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet149.0
Moncitra PlusMoncitra Plus 75 Mg/5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet105.45
Montemac AlMontemac Al 75 Mg/5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet130.9
Odimont AlOdimont Al Tablet164.0
ReneaRenea 5 Mg/10 Mg/75 Mg Capsule100.0
LenocLenoc Capsule Xl79.5
Lukotas HdLukotas Hd 75 Mg/5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet150.0
Somavent MaxSomavent Max Tablet116.0
Allerde MAllerde M Tablet66.0
Dazit MDazit M 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet139.0
D MontusD Montus 400 Mg/10 Mg Tablet124.8
MondeslorMondeslor 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet139.0
Ventidox DlVentidox Dl 5 Mg/10 Mg Tablet80.0
Dezlorid MDezlorid M Tablet139.0
BammonBammon 10 Mg/10 Mg Tablet115.38
Montair PlusMontair Plus 10 Mg/10 Mg Tablet192.5
Montek PlusMontek Plus 10 Mg/10 Mg Tablet171.0
Montemac PlusMontemac Plus 10 Mg/10 Mg Tablet105.45
Montus BlMontus Bl 10 Mg/10 Mg Tablet113.73
Romilast BRomilast B 10 Mg/5 Mg Tablet176.5
BmontBmont Tablet105.0
Lastair PlusLastair Plus 10 Mg/10 Mg Tablet128.4
Odimont PlusOdimont Plus 10 Mg/10 Mg Tablet171.0
Coekastle ACoekastle A Tablet0.0
Ebmont AlEbmont Al 10 Mg/5 Mg/2 Mg Tablet0.0
Jotair LaJotair La 10 Mg/5 Mg/200 Mg Tablet Sr0.0
TrimontemacTrimontemac 10 Mg/5 Mg/200 Mg Tablet0.0
VentocoreVentocore 10 Mg/5 Mg/200 Mg Tablet0.0
Acebrofact LmAcebrofact Lm Tablet150.0
L Montus AbL Montus Ab Tablet160.0
Combimist LCombimist L 1.25 Mcg/500 Mcg Respules150.0
DuolinDuolin 1.25 Mg/500 Mcg Respules52.95
VentipraVentipra 200 Mcg/40 Mcg Capsule59.65
Ventipra MdiVentipra Mdi 100 Mcg/20 Mcg Inhaler182.2
AeromistAeromist 2.5 Mcg/500 Mcg Solution6.14
CombimistCombimist 2.5 Mg/500 Mg Respules4.47
Doxoril MDoxoril M 800 Mg/10 Mg Tablet126.67
Respivel MRespivel M Tablet91.0
Ventidox MVentidox M 400 Mg/10 Mg Tablet50.93
Dofasma PlusDofasma Plus Tablet114.28
Spirodin MSpirodin M Tablet135.0
IprazestIprazest 1.25 Mg/500 Mcg Respules25.7
Salbair I Salbair I 100 Mcg/40 Mcg Transcaps73.5
CombolinCombolin 50 Mcg/20 Mcg Rotacap24.0
DuocetDuocet 100 Mcg/40 Mcg Rotacap19.05
Ebast MEbast M 10 Mg/10 Mg Tablet129.0
Ebay MEbay M 10 Mg/10 Mg Tablet79.0
EbamontEbamont Tablet84.0
Ebmont Fx3Ebmont Fx3 Tablet180.0
Spiromont FaSpiromont Fa Tablet184.0
Rupanex MRupanex M 10 Mg/10 Mg Tablet110.0
Smarti MSmarti M Tablet100.0
ADEL Napthalinum DilutionNaphthalinum Dilution 1 M155.0
Dr. Reckeweg Naphthalinum DilutionNaphthalinum Dilution 1 M155.0
Schwabe Senega PentarkanSenega Pentarkan Tablet140.0
Dr. Reckeweg Tuberculinum B DilutionTuberculinum Bov Dilution 1 M155.0

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